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 文章标题 : 【转帖】OIN宣布新的Linux专利保护计划 | 新动向:告 Cisco 了
帖子发表于 : 2008-12-10 18:07 
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OIN宣布新的Linux专利保护计划

由IBM和Red Hat等公司所资助的开放创新联盟(OIN; Open Invention Network),周二(12/9)宣布推出新的Linux专利保护计划。此项计划旨在确保开放源码的专利权,让Linux平台能持续发展,同时也可望提升专利的品质,淘汱不良的专利。

这项称之为Linux守护者(Linux Defenders)的计划,是由软体自由法律中心(Software Freedom Law Center)与Linux Foundation所赞助,试图解决Linux与开放源码社群的智财权问题,确保Linux专利的品质与价值。

新的专利保护计划将提拨一笔基金,协助开放源码的开发人员上传其着作程式的文件资料,让专利监定官员和律师能更容易了解其内容。同时也希望藉由专利预先告知的方式,打击专利流氓,并协助开发人员了解专利通过的可行性,提升专利品质,鼓励各种Linux程式的创新发明。

未来Linux开发人员可将程式的文件资料,上传至类似IP.com等专利资料库网站。OIN执行长Keith Bergelt便认为,IP.com可因此成为专利监定官员或其他人搜寻专利资料的主要来源,并藉此评估提出专利的可行性。

Bergelt向媒体指出,这项计划将有助于对抗专利流氓,或是微软,他们可能宣称他们的专利权受到侵害。未来开发人员可预先在网站公布栏上告知自己的程式开发工作或方向,也许只是像部落格般的一些描述句子。

Bergelt也明白表示,本质上这项计划就是意图阻止像微软或其他公司,他们可能会对这些专利心怀不轨。

OIN成立于2005年11月,其成员包括IBM、Red Hat、Novell、NEC、Sony、Philips,以及甲骨文。该联盟收购Linux的相关专利并以免权利金方式让会员共享,并藉以保护Linux及相关应用程式的专利问题。

至今,OIN已取得150种Linux相关的专利。欲以免权利金方式使用这些专利的公司,必须相对地同意不得向其他Linux厂商和使用者主张专利权,目前取得授权的公司包括Google、Oracle和Alfresco Software。


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 文章标题 : Re: 转帖:OIN宣布新的Linux专利保护计划
帖子发表于 : 2008-12-12 15:56 
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开源界的专利还真不好说 :em06


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3 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 转帖:OIN宣布新的Linux专利保护计划
帖子发表于 : 2008-12-12 17:59 
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自由软件基金会起诉Cisco违反GPL

ugmbbc发布于 2008-12-12 10:38:15|2029 次阅读 字体:大 小 打印预览
Open Source 开源

今天早上,自由软件基金会向法院起诉了Cisco违反GPL和LGPL协议.
FSF诉Cisco在其Cisco和LinkSys产品中侵犯了大量来自GCC,binutils,GNU C Library中的版权内容,并且Cisco拒绝用户共享和修改软件.以下是FSF的新闻稿.



引用:
Free Software Foundation Files Suit Against Cisco For GPL Violations

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BOSTON, Massachusetts, USA -- Thursday, December 11, 2008 -- The Free Software Foundation (FSF) today announced that it has filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against Cisco. The FSF's complaint alleges that in the course of distributing various products under the Linksys brand Cisco has violated the licenses of many programs on which the FSF holds copyright, including GCC, binutils, and the GNU C Library. In doing so, Cisco has denied its users their right to share and modify the software.

Most of these programs are licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL), and the rest are under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL). Both these licenses encourage everyone, including companies like Cisco, to modify the software as they see fit and then share it with others, under certain conditions. One of those conditions says that anyone who redistributes the software must also provide their recipients with the source code to that program. The FSF has documented many instances where Cisco has distributed licensed software but failed to provide its customers with the corresponding source code.

"Our licenses are designed to ensure that everyone who uses the software can change it," said Richard Stallman, president and founder of the FSF. "In order to exercise that right, people need the source code, and that's why our licenses require distributors to provide it. We are enforcing our licenses to protect the rights that everyone should have with all software: to use it, share it, and modify it as they see fit."

"We began working with Cisco in 2003 to help them establish a process for complying with our software licenses, and the initial changes were very promising," explained Brett Smith, licensing compliance engineer at the FSF. "Unfortunately, they never put in the effort that was necessary to finish the process, and now five years later we have still not seen a plan for compliance. As a result, we believe that legal action is the best way to restore the rights we grant to all users of our software."

"Free software developers entrust their copyrights to the FSF so we can make sure that their work is always redistributed in ways that respect user freedom," said Peter Brown, executive director of the FSF. "In the fifteen years we've spent enforcing our licenses, we've never gone to court before. We have always managed to get the companies we have worked with to take their obligations seriously. But at the end of the day, we're also willing to take the legal action necessary to ensure users have the rights that our licenses guarantee."

The complaint was filed this morning in United States District Court for the Southern District of New York by the Software Freedom Law Center, which is providing representation to the FSF in this case. The case is number 08-CV-10764 and will be heard by Judge Paul G. Gardephe. A copy of the complaint is available on the FSF web site.
About the FSF

The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting computer users' right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as in freedom) software -- particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants -- and free documentation for free software. The FSF also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of freedom in the use of software, and its Web sites, located at fsf.org and gnu.org, are an important source of information about GNU/Linux. Donations to support the FSF's work can be made at http://donate.fsf.org. Its headquarters are in Boston, MA, USA.
About the GNU General Public License (GNU GPL)

The GNU General Public License (GPL) is a license for software. When a program is released under its terms, every user will have the freedom to share and change it, no matter how they get it. The GPL is the most popular free software license in the world, used by almost three quarters of all free software packages. The FSF recently updated the license to address new concerns in the free software community; version 3 of the GPL (GPLv3) was released on June 29, 2007.
About the GNU Operating System and Linux

Richard Stallman announced in September 1983 the plan to develop a free software Unix-like operating system called GNU. GNU is the only operating system developed specifically for the sake of users' freedom. See http://www.gnu.org/gnu/the-gnu-project.html.

In 1992, the essential components of GNU were complete, except for one, the kernel. When in 1992 the kernel Linux was re-released under the GNU GPL, making it free software, the combination of GNU and Linux formed a complete free operating system, which made it possible for the first time to run a PC without non-free software. This combination is the GNU/Linux system. For more explanation, see http://www.gnu.org/gnu/gnu-linux-faq.html.
Media Contacts

Brett Smith
Licensing Compliance Engineer
Free Software Foundation
+1 (617) 542 5942 x18
brett@fsf.org


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4 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 【转帖】OIN宣布新的Linux专利保护计划 | 新动向:告 Cisco 了
帖子发表于 : 2008-12-14 15:56 
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这个早就应该靠


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5 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 【转帖】OIN宣布新的Linux专利保护计划 | 新动向:告 Cisco 了
帖子发表于 : 2008-12-15 9:49 

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谁知道这题怎么做么?

Section 3: According to the specification, complete the program (1*10=10).
Calculate the length of the string.

#include <stdio.h>
int strl(char *str);
main ( )
{ int i;
char line[100];
gets(line);
printf ("length=%d",strl(line));
getch();
}
int strl (char *s)
{





}


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