[问题]Fedora 9 真郁闷!

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jerro
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[问题]Fedora 9 真郁闷!

#1

帖子 jerro » 2008-06-15 9:25

前几天看着fedora 9 发表了,并且是kde4的,很漂亮。就下了一个在硬盘上,打算硬盘安装。首先按照通常的方法,将vmlinuz0和initrd0解压出来。使用grub。结果说找不到rootfs。第一次失败。
想了一下,可能是没有指定root的问题。就在kernel后加入root=/dev/sda5 ro。结果倒是可以了,就是在碰到选择语言,时间,显卡的界面以后就黑屏了。当时以为在检测硬件,就没有理他。谁知道等了将近20min,还是这个样子。没有办法重启了。第二次失败。
又在google了一下,也没有看到类似的情况。突然想起其他的终端能不能用。就又启动到了刚才的画面,使用alt+F2。成了!startX,OK,进去了kde桌面。然后安装,就很简单了。顺便说一下,速度很快。
接下来设置语言了,不能看那些方框框。还有安装软件。将fedora.repo替换了,加了cn99的源。可是结果怎么都不成。打开Add/Remove software,也找到了软件。下面也有install。就是点击了没有反应。还有就是系统的update,也没有办法进行。我不知道是我的源设置的问题,还是rp问题。真的好郁闷!
还有一个就是系统启动速度超慢,将近2min。从见到grub画面,到出现kdm,使用40-50s。输入密码,帐户,进入桌面需要40-50s。为什么启动速度这么慢啊?
我的配置,cm420,512M DDR2533.我之前使用ubuntu,arch,都没有这么慢?
我的fedora.repo.
[fedora]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch
failovermethod=priority
baseurl= http://mirror.cn99.(后面我记不起来了,反正我已经加了这个源的)
http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedo ... search/os/
http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/r ... search/os/
http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/li ... search/os/
http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/releas ... search/os/
http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/f ... search/os/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirror ... =$basearch
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY

[fedora-debuginfo]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch - Debug
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=
http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedo ... rch/debug/
http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/r ... rch/debug/
http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/li ... rch/debug/
http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/releas ... rch/debug/
http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/f ... rch/debug/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirror ... =$basearch
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY

[fedora-source]
name=Fedora $releasever - Source
failovermethod=priority
baseurl=
http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedo ... rce/SRPMS/
http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/r ... rce/SRPMS/
http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/li ... rce/SRPMS/
http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/releas ... rce/SRPMS/
http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/f ... rce/SRPMS/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirror ... =$basearch
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
上次由 jerro 在 2008-06-15 10:32,总共编辑 1 次。
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enetor
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#2

帖子 enetor » 2008-06-15 10:12

源可以用cn99的测试源
启动速度是不快
Hi there
jerro
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#3

帖子 jerro » 2008-06-15 10:31

我增加了cn99的源了。ls的这个加上cn99就是我现有的。只不过我无法再fedora下使用中文输入法,所以才到win下。
还有一个问题,就是fedora 9的mount问题。他把我的win下其他盘mount到那里去了。fstab里面根本就没有mount的信息。我再mnt和media下都看了,也没有。但是我可以使用dophine看到这两个盘。其他人有没有碰到过这样的问题。
wuchuanren
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#4

帖子 wuchuanren » 2008-06-15 10:52

启动速度是不快,但是对于做桌面的系统,关些rc,启动速度会有明显的提升
我的显卡是X3100,Fedora9带的驱动很好,所以没有遇到过显卡的问题。
本来fstab就没什么东西,自己添加
我用的是台湾的源,速度很快。
感觉Fedora很大气。用来做 桌面/服务器/开发 都很适合。相比之下Ubuntu做桌面虽然方便,但是要做开发还是需要自己下载、配制许多东西。
图形界面的yum用起来需要耐心等待。任何操作都会上锁,所以同时只能执行一个操作(搂主注意到他的状态栏上有“等待其他操作完成”之类的提示了吗 :D

KDE本来就很慢,而且默认打开特效。我T2330,1G内存吃不消,只好用gnome
唯一不太满足的就是如果开kde4,那么很可能会同时运行qt4,qt3,gtk的程序,那样要占用许多资源。
jerro
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#5

帖子 jerro » 2008-06-15 11:04

没有任何提示啊。就是点击了没有反应。kde可能真的不是很好用。
我的kde4已经死机两次了,彻底的,只有按power键。X崩溃了3次,昨天晚上刚装上的。
都是很简单,又一次我打开了两个kwite再查看其中的内容,就崩溃了。还有一次在使用konqueror上网,就花屏了。和win下的蓝屏一样。
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lailue
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#6

帖子 lailue » 2008-06-15 12:10

root=/dev/sda5 ro
ro是代表read only 只读吗?如果是,可能是导致无响应的直接原因。可能rw?

启动慢是因为kde4慢,如果楼主是gdm+gnome就飞快。


楼主使用矢量字体,可以避免一些刚开始字迹模糊问题。
更新一下yum update --skip-broken 可以解决一些小bug。
如果楼主想xorg降级安装ati驱动,试试yum-downgrade插件。或者找已有现成文章。其实这个版本的xorg即使不装驱动也有巨大飞跃。

/etc/yum.repo.d/fedora.repo

代码: 全选

[fedora]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
baseurl=
# http://debian.cn99.com/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Fedora/$basearch/os/
http://ftp.twaren.net/Linux/Fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
# http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
# http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
# http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=fedora-$releasever&arch=$basearch&country=tw
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY

[fedora-debuginfo]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch - Debug
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
#baseurl=
# http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
# http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
# http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
# http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
# http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=fedora-debug-$releasever&arch=$basearch&country=us
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=fedora-debug-$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY

[fedora-source]
name=Fedora $releasever - Source
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
#baseurl=
# http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
# http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
# http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
# http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
# http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=fedora-source-$releasever&arch=$basearch&country=us
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=fedora-source-$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY
/etc/yum.repo.d/fedora-updates.repo

代码: 全选

[updates]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch - Updates
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
baseurl=
# http://debian.cn99.com/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
http://ftp.twaren.net/Linux/Fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
# http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
# http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
# http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=updates-released-f$releasever&arch=$basearch&country=tw
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora

[updates-debuginfo]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch - Updates - Debug
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
#baseurl=
# http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
# http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
# http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
# http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
# http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=updates-released-debug-f$releasever&arch=$basearch&country=us
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=updates-released-debug-f$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora

[updates-source]
name=Fedora $releasever - Updates Source
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
#baseurl=
# http://mirror.pacific.net.au/linux/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
# http://opensource.nchc.org.tw/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
# http://ftp.iij.ad.jp/pub/linux/fedora/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
# http://mirrors.kernel.org/fedora/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
# http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=updates-released-source-f$releasever&arch=$basearch&country=us
#mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=updates-released-source-f$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora
上次由 lailue 在 2008-06-15 12:57,总共编辑 1 次。
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lailue
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#7

帖子 lailue » 2008-06-15 12:56

最新消息,点阵字体有些地方会模糊的bug已经更新解决掉了。
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jaywee
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#8

帖子 jaywee » 2008-06-15 12:57

fefora的启动速度让人抓狂。学校机房安装了fedora,每次都得提前去开机!!
Time waits for no man!
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lailue
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#9

帖子 lailue » 2008-06-15 13:17

我用了好几个发行版,fedora的启动速度一直是最快的,怎么老说慢呢。
zhong
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#10

帖子 zhong » 2008-06-15 14:35

jaywee 写了:fefora的启动速度让人抓狂。学校机房安装了fedora,每次都得提前去开机!!
启动要多少小时?........要提前去开机? :lol:
jerro
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#11

帖子 jerro » 2008-06-16 0:04

不过我觉得fedora9的启动确实慢。我的xp启动大概就是40-50s。ubuntu也差不多,只是从到了gdm进入桌面,大概要用10s的时间,总体也差不多。
我现在用arch,也差不多,大概就是50s左右了。
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lailue
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#12

帖子 lailue » 2008-06-16 0:48

特意测试了一下:(EXT3格式)
grub 到 用户登录状态:43 秒 (不包括自动启动倒计时3秒)
输入密码点登录后 到 点击面板上的gnome system monitor并弹出窗口 :18 秒 (注意不是gdm到进入桌面的时间,而是进入桌面后system monitor 弹出界面并可以工作的时间,另外我开启了fedora9默认的桌面音效)
点restart 到 黑屏 :8秒
点shutdown 到 断电 : 10秒

代码: 全选

# chkconfig --list | grep :on
acpid          	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
anacron        	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
atd            	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
auditd         	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
cpuspeed       	0:off	1:on	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
crond          	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
fuse           	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
haldaemon      	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
iptables       	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
irqbalance     	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
lm_sensors     	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
messagebus     	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
network        	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
ntpd           	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
nvidia         	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
rsyslog        	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
smartd         	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
udev-post      	0:off	1:on	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
查看全部的话:

代码: 全选

# chkconfig --list
NetworkManager 	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
acpid          	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
anacron        	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
atd            	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
auditd         	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
avahi-daemon   	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
backuppc       	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
bluetooth      	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
btseed         	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
bttrack        	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
cpuspeed       	0:off	1:on	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
crond          	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
cups           	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
dund           	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
firstboot      	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
fuse           	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
gpm            	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
haldaemon      	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
httpd          	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
ip6tables      	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
iptables       	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
irda           	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
irqbalance     	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
kerneloops     	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
lm_sensors     	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
mdmonitor      	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
messagebus     	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
multipathd     	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
netconsole     	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
netfs          	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
netplugd       	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
network        	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
nfs            	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
nfslock        	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
nmb            	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
nscd           	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
ntpd           	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
ntpdate        	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
nvidia         	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
openvpn        	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
pand           	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
pcscd          	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
psacct         	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
racoon         	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
rdisc          	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
restorecond    	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
rpcbind        	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
rpcgssd        	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
rpcidmapd      	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
rpcsvcgssd     	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
rsyslog        	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
saslauthd      	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
sendmail       	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
setroubleshoot 	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
smartd         	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
smb            	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
smolt          	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
snmpd          	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
snmptrapd      	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
sshd           	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
udev-post      	0:off	1:on	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off
vdr            	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
winbind        	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
wpa_supplicant 	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
ypbind         	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
nonplus
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#13

帖子 nonplus » 2008-06-16 10:02

:D 楼上的好专业,共同感慨f9的彪速

何不试试presto+axel的组合?

把多余的源给关闭了,就留一个澳大利亚源或者其他速度快的源,那样yum更新时会减少一些源的检测增加速度

不过f9的源速度提升很快,不用axel直接官网源速度很不错,adsl 1M可以到满速

详细数据就没有了,以前计算过,优化后的速度达50s可以使用桌面东西,当然服务之类的大多关闭了

楼上有兴趣可以尝试极限速度

PS:本人机器CM430 1G内存
jerro
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#14

帖子 jerro » 2008-06-16 22:55

强人,我就不了。叛变到arch linux去了。感觉很不错哦。
推荐一下。
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我叫大米
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#15

帖子 我叫大米 » 2008-07-06 11:49

arch?没用过,ubuntu的启动还是可以接受的
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