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 文章标题 : wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-03 17:00 
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wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
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------------------------
WINE(1) Windows On Unix WINE(1)


NAME
名称
wine - run Windows programs on Unix
wine - 在Unix上运行Windows程序

SYNOPSIS
语法
wine program [arguments ... ]
     wine 程序 [参数 ... ]

wine --help
wine --version

For instructions on passing arguments to Windows programs, please see
the PROGRAM/ARGUMENTS section of the man page.
有关传递给Windows程序的相关参数的介绍,请查看本帮助手册的“程序/参数“部分。

DESCRIPTION
说明

wine loads and runs the given program, where the program is a DOS, Win-
dows 3.x, or Win32 executable (x86 binaries only).

wine装载并运行给出的程序,包括在DOS, Windows 3.x, 或者Win32的可执行程序(仅适合
x86二进制文件)。

For debugging wine, use winedbg instead.

调试wine,请改用winedbg命令来代替wine。

For running CUI executables (Windows console programs), use wineconsole
instead of wine. This will display all the output in a separate win-
dows (this requires X11 to run). Not using wineconsole for CUI programs
will only provide very limited console support, and your program might
not function properly.

运行CUI可执行程序(即Windows终端程序),请改用wineconsole来代替wine。这会在单独的
窗口显示所有的输出(要求运行X11)。CUI程序如果没有使用wineconsole,对console的支持
会非常有限,某些功能可能不正常。

When invoked with --help or --version as the only argument, wine will
simply print a small help message or its version respectively and exit.

在只使用--help或--version参数时,系统会给出关于wine的简要帮助信息(--help)或
版本信息(--version),然后退出。

PROGRAM/ARGUMENTS
程序/参数

The program name may be specified in DOS format ( C:\\WINDOWS\\SOL.EXE)
or in Unix format ( /msdos/windows/sol.exe ). You may pass arguments
to the program being executed by adding them to the end of the command
line invoking wine (such as: wine notepad C:\\TEMP\\README.TXT). Note
that you need to '\' escape special characters (and spaces) when invok-
ing Wine via a shell, e.g.

程序名称可以用DOS格式(如C:\\WINDOWS\\SOL.EXE),也可以用Unix格式
(如/msdos/windows/sol.exe )。还可以在windows程序后带参数
(如wine notepad C:\\TEMP\\README.TXT),但要注意在每个特殊字符和空格前,加一个
反斜杠“\“。举例如下:(Windows下的目录分隔符“\”就属于特殊字符)

wine C:\\Program\ Files\\MyPrg\\test.exe


ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
环境变量

wine makes the environment variables of the shell from which wine is
started accessible to the windows/dos processes started. So use the
appropriate syntax for your shell to enter environment variables you
need.

针对shell,wine会生成相应的环境变量。

WINEPREFIX
If set, the content of this variable is taken as the name of the
directory where wine stores its data (the default is $HOME/.wine
). This directory is also used to identify the socket which is
used to communicate with the wineserver. All wine processes
using the same wineserver (i.e.: same user) share certain things
like registry, shared memory, and config file. By setting
WINEPREFIX to different values for different wine processes, it
is possible to run a number of truly independent wine processes.

如果已设定,通常是wine保存数据的地方(默认是$HOME/.wine)。这个目录也用来识别与
      wineserver通信的socket。所有的wine进程使用相同的wineserver(例如:同一
个用户)。为不同的wine进程设置不同的WINEPREFIX,可以运行大量真正独立的wine进程。

WINESERVER
Specifies the path and name of the wineserver binary. If not
set, Wine will try to load /usr/bin/wineserver, and if this
doesn't exist it will then look for a file named "wineserver" in
the path and in a few other likely locations.

指定wineserver二进制程序的路径和文件名。如果没有设定,Wine会试着装载
/usr/bin/wineserver,如果找不到,它会在所有可执行文件path目录和其它可能的
录中,查找文件名为wineserver的文件。

WINELOADER
Specifies the path and name of the wine binary to use to launch
new Windows processes. If not set, Wine will try to load
/usr/bin/wine, and if this doesn't exist it will then look for a
file named "wine" in the path and in a few other likely loca-
tions.

指定wine的路径和文件名,用于启动新的Windows进程。如果没有设定,Wine会自动装载
/usr/bin/wine,如果找不到,它会在所有可执行文件path目录和其它可能的目录中,查
找文件名为wine的文件。

WINEDEBUG
Turns debugging messages on or off. The syntax of the variable
is of the form [class][+/-]channel[,[class2][+/-]channel2].

打开或关闭调试信息。本变量的语法形式为 [等级][+/-]channel[,[等级2][+/-]channel2]。

class is optional and can be one of the following: err, warn,
fixme, or trace. If class is not specified, all debugging mes-
sages for the specified channel are turned on. Each channel
will print messages about a particular component of wine. The
following character can be either + or - to switch the specified
channel on or off respectively. If there is no class part
before it, a leading + can be omitted. Note that spaces are not
allowed anywhere in the string.


等级可以为以下任意一种:err(错误), warn(警告), fixme(请修复), 或者
trace(跟踪)。如果没有设定,所有指定通道内的等级都默认为打开。显示所有信息

Examples:
例如:

WINEDEBUG=warn+all
will turn on all warning messages (recommended for debug-
ging).
打开全部警告信息(推荐调试时使用)

WINEDEBUG=warn+dll,+heap
will turn on DLL warning messages and all heap messages.
打开DLL警告信息和全部堆叠信息。

WINEDEBUG=fixme-all,warn+cursor,+relay
will turn off all FIXME messages, turn on cursor warning
messages, and turn on all relay messages (API calls).
关闭所有FIXME信息,打开光标警告信息,打开全部中继信息(API调用)。

WINEDEBUG=relay
will turn on all relay messages. For more control on
including or excluding functions and dlls from the relay
trace look into the [Debug] section of the wine configu-
ration file.
打开全部中继信息。如果需要在中继跟踪时包含或排除某些功能和dll文件,
请查看wine配置文件中的Debug章节。

For more information on debugging messages, see the Running Wine
chapter of the Wine User Guide.
有关调试的更多信息,请查看Wine用户手册中“运行Wine”的相关内容。

WINEDLLPATH
Specifies the path(s) in which to search for builtin dlls and
Winelib applications. This is a list of directories separated by
":". In addition to any directory specified in WINEDLLPATH, Wine
will also look in /usr/lib/wine.
指定集成的dll文件和Winelib库文件的路径。这是多个目录的列表,每个目录之间用
英文单冒号“:”隔开。除了WINEDLLPATH里指定的目录外,Wine还会在/usr/lib/wine
目录里查找。

WINEDLLOVERRIDES
Defines the override type and load order of dlls used in the
loading process for any dll. The default is set in the configu-
ration file. There are currently two types of libraries that can
be loaded into a process' address space: Native windows dlls (
native ), wine internal dlls ( builtin ). The type may be abbre-
viated with the first letter of the type ( n, b ). The library
may also be disabled (''). Each sequence of orders must be sepa-
rated by commas.
定义dll库文件中装载进程的代理类型和装载顺序。默认值已在配置文件中设定。有两种
类型的库文件允许装载到进程的地址空间:原生windows的dll库文件(native),
wine内置的dll库文件(builtin)。类型也可以用第一个字母来简写(n, b)。
库文件也可以禁用('')。每条指令的顺序必须用英文字母逗号(",")隔开。

Each dll may have its own specific load order. The load order
determines which version of the dll is attempted to be loaded
into the address space. If the first fails, then the next is
tried and so on. Multiple libraries with the same load order can
be separated with commas. It is also possible to use specify
different loadorders for different libraries by separating the
entries by ";".
每个dll文件都有自己的装载顺序。装载顺序决定了哪个版本的dll试图装载到地址空间。
如果第1个失败,再装载第2个,直到最后一个。装载顺序相关的多个lib库文件用英文
逗号“,”隔开。也可以为不同的dll库文件使用不同的装载顺序,中间用英文分号“;”隔开。

The load order for a 16-bit dll is always defined by the load
order of the 32-bit dll that contains it (which can be identi-
fied by looking at the symbolic link of the 16-bit .dll.so
file). For instance if ole32.dll is configured as builtin, stor-
age.dll will be loaded as builtin too, since the 32-bit
ole32.dll contains the 16-bit storage.dll.
16位dll库文件的装载顺序同样是由32位dll库文件的装载顺序决定。(可以查看16位的
dll.so文件)。例如如果ole32.dll设定为以内置方式,只要32位的ole32.dll包含
16位的storage.dll,那么storage.dll也以内置方式调用。

Examples:
例如:

WINEDLLOVERRIDES="comdlg32,shell32=n,b"
Try to load comdlg32 and shell32 as native windows dll
first and try the builtin version if the native load
fails.
如果启动原生库文件失败,尝试装载内置版本的comdlg32和shell32,
并视为Windows的原生dll优先调用。

WINEDLLOVERRIDES="comdlg32,shell32=n;c:\\foo\\bar\\baz=b"
Try to load the libraries comdlg32 and shell32 as native
windows dlls. Furthermore, if an application request to
load c:\foo\bar\baz.dll load the builtin library baz.
尝试装载comdlg32和shell32作为原生的windows dll文件。另外,如果
有程序要求装载c:\foo\bar\baz.dll,会装载内置的baz库文件。

WINEDLLOVERRIDES="comdlg32=b,n;shell32=b;comctl32=n;oleaut32="
Try to load comdlg32 as builtin first and try the native
version if the builtin load fails; load shell32 always as
builtin and comctl32 always as native. Oleaut32 will be
disabled.
如果装载内置的dll文件失败,优先把comdlg32当作内置库文件装载,再尝
试原生版本;总是把shell32当作内置,comctl32总是当作原生。禁用
oleaut32库文件。
DISPLAY
Specifies the X11 display to use.
指定所使用的X11。

OSS
        sound driver configuration variables
声音驱动配置变量

AUDIODEV
Set the device for audio input / output. Default /dev/dsp.
设置音频输入/输出设备。默认是/dev/sdp。

MIXERDEV
Set the device for mixer controls. Default /dev/mixer.
设置混音控制设备。默认是/dev/mixer。

MIDIDEV
Set the MIDI (sequencer) device. Default /dev/sequencer.
设置MIDI(序列)设备。默认是/dev/sequencer。

FILES
文件

/usr/bin/wine
The wine program loader.
wine程序装载器。

/usr/bin/wineconsole
The wine program loader for CUI (console) applications.
用于CUI(console)终端程序的wine程序装载器。

/usr/bin/wineserver
The wine server
wine服务器

/usr/bin/winedbg
The wine debugger
wine调试程序

/usr/lib/wine
Directory containing wine's shared libraries
wine共享库文件所在的目录

$WINEPREFIX/dosdevices
Directory containing the DOS device mappings. Each file in that
    directory is a symlink to the Unix device file implementing a
given device. For instance, if COM1 is mapped to /dev/ttyS0
you'd have a symlink of the form $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/com1 ->
/dev/ttyS0.
DOS drives are also specified with symlinks; for instance if
drive D: corresponds to the CDROM mounted at /mnt/cdrom, you'd
have a symlink $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d: -> /mnt/cdrom. The Unix
device corresponding to a DOS drive can be specified the same
way, except with '::' instead of ':'. So for the previous exam-
ple, if the CDROM device is mounted from /dev/hdc, the corre-
sponding symlink would be $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d:: ->
/dev/hdc.
包含DOS设置映射的目录。本目录的所有文件都是Unix设备文件的符号链接。例如,如果
COM1映射到/dev/ttyS0,你需要把$WINPREFIX/dosdevices/com1 -> /dev/ttyS0。

  DOS设备也用符号链接来指定;例如D盘相当于挂接在/mnt/cdrom的光驱,你需要作
一个符号链接$WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d: -> /mnt/cdrom。同理Unix设备也
相当于某个DOS设备,只是要用两个冒号“::”来替换单冒号“:”。在刚才的例子中,如果
光驱是从/dev/hdc挂接的,相应的符号链接应改为: 
$WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d:: -> /dev/hdc

AUTHORS
作者

wine is available thanks to the work of many developers. For a listing
of the authors, please see the file AUTHORS in the top-level directory
of the source distribution.
感谢所有参与wine开发的程序员。详细人员名单,请查看源代码根目录下的AUTHORS文件。

COPYRIGHT
版权

wine can be distributed under the terms of the LGPL license. A copy of
the license is in the file COPYING.LIB in the top-level directory of
the source distribution.
wine以LGPL许可证形式发布,许可证文件请查看源代码根目录下的COPYING.LIB文件。

BUGS
缺陷

A status report on many applications is available from
http://appdb.winehq.org. Please add entries to this list for applica-
tions you currently run, if there is no entry for this application.
已兼容的应用程序报告请登陆http://appdb.winehq.org。如果你想查询的应用程序未出现在
列表中,请自行加上。

Bug reports may be posted to Wine Bugzilla http://bugs.winehq.org If
you want to post a bug report, please read the file documenta-
tion/bugs.sgml in the wine source to see what information is necessary
缺陷报告可发送到Wine Bugzilla http://bugs.winehq.org,发送前请查看源代码下的
bugs.sgml文件,以确应哪些信息是需要记录的。

Problems and suggestions with this manpage please also report to
http://bugs.winehq.org
有关wine的man帮助文件的问题和建议,也请上报到http://bugs.winehq.org

AVAILABILITY
有效性
The most recent public version of wine can be downloaded from
http://www.winehq.org/download
wine的最新版本请从以下地址下载: http://www.winehq.org/download

The latest snapshot of the code may be obtained via GIT. For informa-
tion on how to do this, please see http://www.winehq.org/site/git
最新版本的代码可以通过GIT得到。详情请登陆http://www.winehq.org/site/git

WineHQ, the wine development headquarters, is at http://www.winehq.org.
This website contains a great deal of information about wine.
WineHQ是wine开发的总部,网址http://www.winehq.org。这里有大量关于wine的资料。

For further information about wine development, you might want to sub-
scribe to the wine mailing lists at http://www.winehq.org/forums
有关wine开发的更多信息,请查看http://www.winehq.org/forums的邮件列表。

SEE ALSO
参考

wineserver(1), winedbg(1)



Wine 1.0 October 2005 WINE(1)
Wine 1.0 2005年10月 WINE(1)
------------------------


_________________
* 日本人说:就算我们不拜靖国神社,韩国人也不会买我们的东西;
就算我们拜靖国神社,中国人照样买我们的东西。

* 历史不相信眼泪。能挡住狼的不是篱笆,而是棍子和猎枪。
--------------
Careone <emacslocale^126.com>
https://sourceforge.net/projects/emacslocale/files/


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2 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-03 19:21 
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注册: 2008-05-13 20:40
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不用wine但是还是谢谢


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3 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-03 20:56 

注册: 2008-05-12 16:04
帖子: 305
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一直在用wine,谢谢楼主!


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4 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-03 20:57 
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注册: 2009-04-14 13:18
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我也不用Wine,但是东西很好!


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5 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-03 21:01 
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注册: 2008-07-21 9:44
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地址: 深圳
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虽然不使用wine,不过十分支持 :em11


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6 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-03 21:02 
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注册: 2009-01-06 12:27
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lz强悍,不过很少用~
:em06


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7 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-03 21:31 
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回去仔细看看,用了这么久还没有认真看过手册 :em06


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8 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-04 21:30 

注册: 2009-04-30 15:52
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还有这么多的兄弟不用WINE呀


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9 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
帖子发表于 : 2009-05-08 16:19 
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地址: 南宁 杭州
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强的,赞一个 :)

好东西


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http://blog.csdn.net/hongmy525/
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 文章标题 : Re: wine的man帮助手册,已翻译
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没有wine是万万不行的。。。 :em02


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