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 文章标题 : login.def文件错误(已解决)
帖子发表于 : 2007-11-10 14:48 

注册: 2007-11-10 14:29
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在升级Kubuntu 7.04-->7.10时,由于开启了其他程序,升级程序僵死。无奈,强行关闭,重新再来时,出现了问题。
帮帮忙好不好?请把正常的/etc/login.defs文件内容贴上来好不好?不会浪费你们多少时间的。
我在这里先谢谢大家了!!
代码:
  Major opcode:  144
  Minor opcode:  3
  Resource id:  0x0
Failed to open device
X Error: BadDevice, invalid or uninitialized input device 167
  Major opcode:  144
  Minor opcode:  3
  Resource id:  0x0
Failed to open device
正在从软件包中解出模板:100%
正在预设定软件包 ...
正在设置 login (1:4.0.18.1-9) ...

配置文件“/etc/login.defs”
 ==> 在安装后曾被修改(您或者某个脚本修改了它)。
 ==> 软件包的提交者同时提供了一个更新了的版本。
   您现在希望如何处理呢? 您有以下几个选择:
    Y 或 I  :安装软件包维护者所提供的版本
    N 或 O  :保留您原来安装的版本
      D     :显示两者的区别
      Z     :把当前进程切换到后台,然后查看现在的具体情况
 缺省的处理方法是保留您当前使用的版本。
*** login.defs (Y/I/N/O/D/Z) [缺省选项=N] ?
配置文件“/etc/login.defs”
 ==> 在安装后曾被修改(您或者某个脚本修改了它)。
 ==> 软件包的提交者同时提供了一个更新了的版本。
   您现在希望如何处理呢? 您有以下几个选择:
    Y 或 I  :安装软件包维护者所提供的版本
    N 或 O  :保留您原来安装的版本
      D     :显示两者的区别
      Z     :把当前进程切换到后台,然后查看现在的具体情况
 缺省的处理方法是保留您当前使用的版本。
*** login.defs (Y/I/N/O/D/Z) [缺省选项=N] ? dpkg:处理 login (--configure)时出错:
 在 conffile 提示输入时,发现读取标准输入出错: Resource temporarily unavailable
在处理时有错误发生:
 login

这是我的/etc/login.defs文件,大家看看哪里出错了。我觉得可能是当时程序僵死的时候正在修改这个文件造成的。
希望可以指出错误并修改,或者直接给一份正常的文件。
代码:
# /etc/login.defs - Configuration control definitions for the login package.
#
# Three items must be defined:  MAIL_DIR, ENV_SUPATH, and ENV_PATH.
# If unspecified, some arbitrary (and possibly incorrect) value will
# be assumed.  All other items are optional - if not specified then
# the described action or option will be inhibited.
#
# Comment lines (lines beginning with "#") and blank lines are ignored.
#
# Modified for Linux.  --marekm

# REQUIRED for useradd/userdel/usermod
#   Directory where mailboxes reside, _or_ name of file, relative to the
#   home directory.  If you _do_ define MAIL_DIR and MAIL_FILE,
#   MAIL_DIR takes precedence.
#
#   Essentially:
#      - MAIL_DIR defines the location of users mail spool files
#        (for mbox use) by appending the username to MAIL_DIR as defined
#        below.
#      - MAIL_FILE defines the location of the users mail spool files as the
#        fully-qualified filename obtained by prepending the user home
#        directory before $MAIL_FILE
#
# NOTE: This is no more used for setting up users MAIL environment variable
#       which is, starting from shadow 4.0.12-1 in Debian, entirely the
#       job of the pam_mail PAM modules
#       See default PAM configuration files provided for
#       login, su, etc.
#
# This is a temporary situation: setting these variables will soon
# move to /etc/default/useradd and the variables will then be
# no more supported
MAIL_DIR        /var/mail
#MAIL_FILE      .mail

#
# Enable logging and display of /var/log/faillog login failure info.
# This option conflicts with the pam_tally PAM module.
#
FAILLOG_ENAB      yes

#
# Enable display of unknown usernames when login failures are recorded.
#
# WARNING: Unknown usernames may become world readable.
# See #290803 and #298773 for details about how this could become a security
# concern
LOG_UNKFAIL_ENAB   no

#
# Enable logging of successful logins
#
LOG_OK_LOGINS      no

#
# Enable "syslog" logging of su activity - in addition to sulog file logging.
# SYSLOG_SG_ENAB does the same for newgrp and sg.
#
SYSLOG_SU_ENAB      yes
SYSLOG_SG_ENAB      yes

#
# If defined, all su activity is logged to this file.
#
#SULOG_FILE   /var/log/sulog

#
# If defined, file which maps tty line to TERM environment parameter.
# Each line of the file is in a format something like "vt100  tty01".
#
#TTYTYPE_FILE   /etc/ttytype

#
# If defined, login failures will be logged here in a utmp format
# last, when invoked as lastb, will read /var/log/btmp, so...
#
FTMP_FILE   /var/log/btmp

#
# If defined, the command name to display when running "su -".  For
# example, if this is defined as "su" then a "ps" will display the
# command is "-su".  If not defined, then "ps" would display the
# name of the shell actually being run, e.g. something like "-sh".
#
SU_NAME      su

#
# If defined, file which inhibits all the usual chatter during the login
# sequence.  If a full pathname, then hushed mode will be enabled if the
# user's name or shell are found in the file.  If not a full pathname, then
# hushed mode will be enabled if the file exists in the user's home directory.
#
HUSHLOGIN_FILE   .hushlogin
#HUSHLOGIN_FILE   /etc/hushlogins

#
# *REQUIRED*  The default PATH settings, for superuser and normal users.
#
# (they are minimal, add the rest in the shell startup files)
ENV_SUPATH   PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin/X11
ENV_PATH   PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/usr/games

#
# Terminal permissions
#
#   TTYGROUP   Login tty will be assigned this group ownership.
#   TTYPERM      Login tty will be set to this permission.
#
# If you have a "write" program which is "setgid" to a special group
# which owns the terminals, define TTYGROUP to the group number and
# TTYPERM to 0620.  Otherwise leave TTYGROUP commented out and assign
# TTYPERM to either 622 or 600.
#
# In Debian /usr/bin/bsd-write or similar programs are setgid tty
# However, the default and recommended value for TTYPERM is still 0600
# to not allow anyone to write to anyone else console or terminal

# Users can still allow other people to write them by issuing
# the "mesg y" command.

TTYGROUP   tty
TTYPERM      0600

#
# Login configuration initializations:
#
#   ERASECHAR   Terminal ERASE character ('\010' = backspace).
#   KILLCHAR   Terminal KILL character ('\025' = CTRL/U).
#   UMASK      Default "umask" value.
#
# The ERASECHAR and KILLCHAR are used only on System V machines.
#
# UMASK usage is discouraged because it catches only some classes of user
# entries to system, in fact only those made through login(1), while setting
# umask in shell rc file will catch also logins through su, cron, ssh etc.
#
# At the same time, using shell rc to set umask won't catch entries which use
# non-shell executables in place of login shell, like /usr/sbin/pppd for "ppp"
# user and alike.
#
# Therefore the use of pam_umask is recommended (Debian package libpam-umask)
# as the solution which catches all these cases on PAM-enabled systems.
#
# This avoids the confusion created by having the umask set
# in two different places -- in login.defs and shell rc files (i.e.
# /etc/profile).
#
# For discussion, see #314539 and #248150 as well as the thread starting at
# http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2005/06/msg01598.html
#
# Prefix these values with "0" to get octal, "0x" to get hexadecimal.
#
ERASECHAR   0177
KILLCHAR   025
# 022 is the "historical" value in Debian for UMASK when it was used
# 027, or even 077, could be considered better for privacy
# There is no One True Answer here : each sysadmin must make up his/her
# mind.
#UMASK      022

#
# Password aging controls:
#
#   PASS_MAX_DAYS   Maximum number of days a password may be used.
#   PASS_MIN_DAYS   Minimum number of days allowed between password changes.
#   PASS_WARN_AGE   Number of days warning given before a password expires.
#
PASS_MAX_DAYS   99999
PASS_MIN_DAYS   0
PASS_WARN_AGE   7

#
# Min/max values for automatic uid selection in useradd
#
UID_MIN 1000
UID_MAX 60000

#
# Min/max values for automatic gid selection in groupadd
#
GID_MIN           100
GID_MAX         60000

#
# Max number of login retries if password is bad. This will most likely be
# overriden by PAM, since the default pam_unix module has it's own built
# in of 3 retries. However, this is a safe fallback in case you are using
# an authentication module that does not enforce PAM_MAXTRIES.
#
LOGIN_RETRIES      5

#
# Max time in seconds for login
#
LOGIN_TIMEOUT      60

#
# Which fields may be changed by regular users using chfn - use
# any combination of letters "frwh" (full name, room number, work
# phone, home phone).  If not defined, no changes are allowed.
# For backward compatibility, "yes" = "rwh" and "no" = "frwh".
#
CHFN_RESTRICT      rwh

#
# Should login be allowed if we can't cd to the home directory?
# Default in no.
#
DEFAULT_HOME   yes

#
# If defined, this command is run when removing a user.
# It should remove any at/cron/print jobs etc. owned by
# the user to be removed (passed as the first argument).
#
#USERDEL_CMD   /usr/sbin/userdel_local

#
# This enables userdel to remove user groups if no members exist.
#
# Other former uses of this variable such as setting the umask when
# user==primary group are not used in PAM environments, thus in Debian
#
USERGROUPS_ENAB yes

#
# Instead of the real user shell, the program specified by this parameter
# will be launched, although its visible name (argv[0]) will be the shell's.
# The program may do whatever it wants (logging, additional authentification,
# banner, ...) before running the actual shell.
#
# FAKE_SHELL /bin/fakeshell

#
# If defined, either full pathname of a file containing device names or
# a ":" delimited list of device names.  Root logins will be allowed only
# upon these devices.
#
# This variable is used by login and su.
#
#CONSOLE   /etc/consoles
#CONSOLE   console:tty01:tty02:tty03:tty04

#
# List of groups to add to the user's supplementary group set
# when logging in on the console (as determined by the CONSOLE
# setting).  Default is none.
#
# Use with caution - it is possible for users to gain permanent
# access to these groups, even when not logged in on the console.
# How to do it is left as an exercise for the reader...
#
# This variable is used by login and su.
#
#CONSOLE_GROUPS      floppy:audio:cdrom

#
# Only works if compiled with MD5_CRYPT defined:
# If set to "yes", new passwords will be encrypted using the MD5-based
# algorithm compatible with the one used by recent releases of FreeBSD.
# It supports passwords of unlimited length and longer salt strings.
# Set to "no" if you need to copy encrypted passwords to other systems
# which don't understand the new algorithm.  Default is "no".
#
# This variable is used by chpasswd, gpasswd and newusers.
#
#MD5_CRYPT_ENAB   no

################# OBSOLETED BY PAM ##############
#                  #
# These options are now handled by PAM. Please   #
# edit the appropriate file in /etc/pam.d/ to   #
# enable the equivelants of them.
#
###############

#MOTD_FILE
#DIALUPS_CHECK_ENAB
#LASTLOG_ENAB
#MAIL_CHECK_ENAB
#OBSCURE_CHECKS_ENAB
#PORTTIME_CHECKS_ENAB
#SU_WHEEL_ONLY
#CRACKLIB_DICTPATH
#PASS_CHANGE_TRIES
#PASS_ALWAYS_WARN
#ENVIRON_FILE
#NOLOGINS_FILE
#ISSUE_FILE
#PASS_MIN_LEN
#PASS_MAX_LEN
#ULIMIT
#ENV_HZ
#CHFN_AUTH
#CHSH_AUTH
#FAIL_DELAY

################# OBSOLETED #######################
#                    #
# These options are no more handled by shadow.    #
#                                                 #
# Shadow utilities will display a warning if they #
# still appear.                                   #
#                                                 #
###################################################

# CLOSE_SESSIONS
# LOGIN_STRING
# NO_PASSWORD_CONSOLE
# QMAIL_DIR



最后由 02015678 编辑于 2007-11-11 16:04,总共编辑了 2 次

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 文章标题 :
帖子发表于 : 2007-11-10 14:52 
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注册: 2006-07-02 11:16
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用新的版本


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要理解递归,首先要理解递归。

地球人都知道,理论上,理论跟实际是没有差别的,但实际上,理论跟实际的差别是相当大滴。


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帖子发表于 : 2007-11-10 15:41 

注册: 2007-11-10 14:29
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我也想啊,可是它自动选择了NO。
请教得详细一点,谢谢!~~
QQ:349831505(加的时候注明"Kubuntu")


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帖子发表于 : 2007-11-10 15:42 

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比如你可以给我你的/etc/login.defs


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帖子发表于 : 2007-11-11 13:53 

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帮帮忙好不好?请把正常的/etc/login.defs文件内容贴上来好不好?不会浪费你们多少时间的。
我在这里先谢谢大家了!!


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帖子发表于 : 2007-11-11 16:05 

注册: 2007-11-10 14:29
帖子: 110
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谢谢大家拉(虽然是我自己弄好的)


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