第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

启动讨论 grub/grub2/syslinux/grub4dos/Lilo
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exocell
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第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#1

帖子 exocell » 2008-10-21 15:19

本人是小菜一个.刚开始使用ubuntu.现在遇到点问题.

我情况是这样的,单硬盘.分4个区.C盘为NTFS.安装XP.

UBUNTU使用WUBI安装到E盘.启动到GRUB时出现启动菜单.里面可以识别到XP.

选择XP启动后显示文件系统为NTFS.然后就怎么怎么了.一闪而过.隐约有0X7的样子.. - -

看了看应该是NTFS格式的问题.请问该怎么样才能通过GRUB菜单启动.

以下是我的MENU.LST

代码: 全选

# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
#            grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
#            grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
#            and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default		0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout		3

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line)  and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
#      password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title		Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root		(hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader	+1
#
# title		Linux
# root		(hd0,1)
# kernel	/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
##      kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
##      kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro

## Setup crashdump menu entries
## e.g. crashdump=1
# crashdump=0

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=()/ubuntu/disks

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
##      alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
##      lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
##      lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
##      altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
##      howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
##      memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title		Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-21-generic
root		()/ubuntu/disks
kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-21-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro quiet splash
initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-21-generic

title		Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-21-generic (recovery mode)
root		()/ubuntu/disks
kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-21-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro single
initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-21-generic

title		Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
root		()/ubuntu/disks
kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro quiet splash
initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic

title		Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
root		()/ubuntu/disks
kernel		/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro single
initrd		/boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic

title		Ubuntu 8.04.1, memtest86+
root		()/ubuntu/disks
kernel		/boot/memtest86+.bin

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title		Other operating systems:
root


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/sda1
title		Microsoft Windows XP Professional
root		(hd0,0)
savedefault
chainloader	+1



怕出问题.所以一次都贴上了.. :em06
谢谢大家了.
izee
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#2

帖子 izee » 2008-10-21 15:28

grub中的chainloader跟该分区是否为NTFS没有关系


"选择XP启动后显示文件系统为NTFS.然后就怎么怎么了.一闪而过.隐约有0X7的样子.. - - "
根据以上描述,估计是XP的chkdsk进行分区检查,出现了错误
exocell
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#3

帖子 exocell » 2008-10-21 15:40

忘记说了.机器自检后是先通过BOOT.INI 启动UBUNTU.然后再进入到GRUB菜单中的.

由于两个引导程序嫌麻烦.就把BOOT.INI默认启动到UBUNTU.

应该跟CHKDSK没关系吧.我正常启动XP可以启动.

刚学会的命令.随便贴下

root@administrator-desktop:~# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x624aa2e0

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 1275 10241406 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2 1276 9729 67906755 f W95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/sda5 1276 3825 20482843+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda6 3826 6375 20482843+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda7 6376 9729 26940973+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
izee
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#4

帖子 izee » 2008-10-21 15:46

暂时怀疑是跟wubi安装有关
试试注释掉savedefault这一行
另外贴一下boot.ini
exocell
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#5

帖子 exocell » 2008-10-21 16:02

BOOT.INI

代码: 全选

[boot loader]
timeout=0
default=c:\wubildr.mbr
[operating systems]
c:\wubildr.mbr="Ubuntu"
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /noexecute=optin /fastdetect
谢谢楼上的两位.就是把最后一个savedefault删除吗?
izee
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#6

帖子 izee » 2008-10-21 16:06

:em06 楼上那两位都是我

不过你这种情况(grub未安装到mbr),没必要用grub来引导xp,不影响使用
exocell
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#7

帖子 exocell » 2008-10-21 16:31

恩.. - - 我主要是想抛弃WINDOWS的启动界面,

顺便学习下启动的相关知识.

不是为了达到目的为主的.

就想知道怎么解决这个情况.
exocell
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#8

帖子 exocell » 2008-10-24 11:56

冷门。来顶了
aoskas
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#9

帖子 aoskas » 2008-10-24 12:22

title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
root (hd0,0)
makeactive
chainloader +1

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-21-generic
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-21-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-21-generic

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-21-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-21-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-21-generic

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=7A8437F28437AF8D loop=/ubuntu/disks/root.disk ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic

title Ubuntu 8.04.1, memtest86+
root (hd0,2)/ubuntu/disks
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
上次由 aoskas 在 2008-10-24 12:27,总共编辑 1 次。
aoskas
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Re: 第一贴,求助.NTGS启动的问题.

#10

帖子 aoskas » 2008-10-24 12:25

title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
root (hd0,0)
makeactive
chainloader +1


也可改为.
title Windows /NT/2000/2003
root (hd0,0)
chainloader /ntldr
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