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1 楼 
 文章标题 : 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-05 0:22 

注册: 2009-07-31 20:05
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如题。
我有两块硬盘,
SATA接口,装XP sp3,被系统认成sda;
IDE接口,装ubuntu 9.04 DVD desktopi386,被系统认成sdb。
我是两块硬盘分别安装的。
每次进入ubuntu时都要拔硬盘。
如何设置,不用开机箱拔硬盘,可以在系统启动的时候选择操作系统,并默认启动XP?

请说的详细点,或者直接给我个文件,覆盖原文件。


刚才把两块硬盘都插上,并且BIOS里设置Hard Disk Boot Priority为:
1、Ch2 M :ST3250310AS
2、Ch0 S :SAMSUNG SP0812N
3、bootable add-in cards
重启后直接进入xp,但是无法进入ubuntu。


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2 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-05 12:05 
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呵呵,我也是两个硬盘装的,其实只要设置一下BIOS就行了,设置默认HDD0,或HDD1就可以了,选HDD0就是XP,HDD1就是LINUX


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3 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-05 12:54 
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贴上你的menu.lst啊,把grub装入sdb,BIOS设为sdb启动,加上以下内容即可
代码:
title Windows XP
root (hd0,0)
chainloader +1


_________________
明天就换大三八!
——8核CPU、8G内存、8T硬盘……
8卡交火,80寸大屏放8个……
IPv8的光纤要8条……

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[图片版]新手当自强(续)FAQ
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4 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-05 13:32 

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grub4dos。看置顶索引。


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5 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-06 19:42 

注册: 2009-07-31 20:05
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谢谢。因在linux下不能上网。
所以我不仅要解决双系统启动的问题,还要解决锐捷上网的问题。
而我,刚刚接触linux。
我自己摸索摸索吧。有问题再发。


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6 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-06 21:03 

注册: 2008-10-14 15:04
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bios设定以ubuntu所在的硬盘启动,

进入ubuntu后
改grub的menu.lst
sudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst

添加代码如下:

title WINXP PROFESSIONAL SP2
root (hd1,0)
map (hd1) (hd0)
map (hd0) (hd1)
makeactive
chainloader +1

grub启动后,"ESC"选择启动项.

上述代码放在其他启动选项的前面,grub启动后,不按“ESC”即会进入WinXP


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7 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-07 1:21 

注册: 2009-07-31 20:05
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终于能在ubuntu下上网了,折腾了一个晚上,累死了。(我用的是校园网,用ubuntu第二天。)
下面贴上我的menu.lst(完整),请大哥大姐们帮我看看怎么改。不知道“胖胖的蚊子”说的代码加在什么地方,怎么加。


# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 3

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## specify if running in Xen domU or have grub detect automatically
## update-grub will ignore non-xen kernels when running in domU and vice versa
## e.g. indomU=detect
## indomU=true
## indomU=false
# indomU=detect

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic (recovery mode)
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic

title Ubuntu 9.04, memtest86+
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST


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8 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-07 12:26 

注册: 2008-10-14 15:04
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lan2241 写道:
终于能在ubuntu下上网了,折腾了一个晚上,累死了。(我用的是校园网,用ubuntu第二天。)
下面贴上我的menu.lst(完整),请大哥大姐们帮我看看怎么改。不知道“胖胖的蚊子”说的代码加在什么地方,怎么加。


# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 3

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## specify if running in Xen domU or have grub detect automatically
## update-grub will ignore non-xen kernels when running in domU and vice versa
## e.g. indomU=detect
## indomU=true
## indomU=false
# indomU=detect

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title WINXP PROFESSIONAL SP2
root (hd1,0)
map (hd1) (hd0)
map (hd0) (hd1)
makeactive
chainloader +1


title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic (recovery mode)
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic

title Ubuntu 9.04, memtest86+
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST



按照上面的添加,第一启动项就是xp。


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9 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-07 13:22 
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注册: 2008-02-17 23:47
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接收感谢: 82
LS,你让他把XP启动项放在第一,以后更新到内核的时候好像会出问题


_________________
明天就换大三八!
——8核CPU、8G内存、8T硬盘……
8卡交火,80寸大屏放8个……
IPv8的光纤要8条……

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[图片版]新手当自强(续)FAQ
[新手进阶]挂载、fstab、调整linux分区
[图片版]E17桌面环境配置手把手


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10 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-07 17:02 

注册: 2008-05-03 23:42
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adagio 写道:
LS,你让他把XP启动项放在第一,以后更新到内核的时候好像会出问题


对,注意这句话:# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST
所以应该放这里:

引用:
# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 3

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST
#添加的启动项
### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## specify if running in Xen domU or have grub detect automatically
## update-grub will ignore non-xen kernels when running in domU and vice versa
## e.g. indomU=detect
## indomU=true
## indomU=false
# indomU=detect

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic (recovery mode)
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=UUID=e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38 ro locale=zh_CN single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic

title Ubuntu 9.04, memtest86+
uuid e27f7742-097d-444a-a4f3-c36b1a9a2d38
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
#添加的启动项


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11 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-07 19:50 

注册: 2009-07-31 20:05
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那应该怎么放?
把文件做好后给我吧。
是不是把
代码:
title WINXP PROFESSIONAL SP2
root (hd1,0)
map (hd1) (hd0)
map (hd0) (hd1)
makeactive
chainloader +1
放到
代码:
#添加的启动项
位置

因为我这台机子我妈妈也要用,妈妈是个电脑盲,所以必须要设置成默认XP启动。
而我,不想每次启动都要进入bios修改,再说用的是无线键盘,bios下不认。 :em20


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12 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: 双硬盘分别装双系统,如何默认xp启动?
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-10 18:54 
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hiddenmenu因该注释掉,要不然每次都要按键进入菜单的。
默认系统是哪个貌似和哪个default 0有关系。


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如鱼饮水 冷暖自知


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