[分享]关于双系统启动顺序设定。

启动讨论 grub/grub2/syslinux/grub4dos/Lilo
头像
masonliu
帖子: 450
注册时间: 2007-04-10 14:51
送出感谢: 1 次
接收感谢: 1 次

[分享]关于双系统启动顺序设定。

#1

帖子 masonliu » 2007-05-23 8:03

关键在MBR中的GRUB管理,你看到grub界面时按照下面的提示可以改变启动顺序。比如按E到> grub键入boot (hd0,0)就能改变一次启动顺序。

注意用户可要用好MBR中的grub引导,可以改sudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst使用老鼠把后边的一大块#提示XP的全部放到前面,你可以改变启动选项页面的顺序,比原来那个grub好用多了。

好象比较傻瓜式的方法,不过管用,可以减少你移动键盘上下键的次数。可以把等待时间10改成你想要的。
我的是3秒。

:roll: :arrow:
如下:
#default settings changed by masonliu
timeout 3

## ## End Default Options ##

title Windows XP for Mason Liu
root (hd0,0)
makeactive
chainloader +1

title Ubuntu hardy , kernel 2.6.24-15-generic
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-15-generic root=UUID=9b3ec200-baa2-4a3a-8f00-3f264a1aab89 ro quiet splash locale=zh_CN vga=769
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-15-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu hardy , kernel 2.6.24-15-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-15-generic root=UUID=9b3ec200-baa2-4a3a-8f00-3f264a1aab89 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-15-generic

title Ubuntu hardy , memtest86+
root (hd0,1)
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title Other operating systems:
root

新发现,使用猪猪猫网站的系统,不会删除grub启动管理器。xp-sp3 DVD
上次由 masonliu 在 2008-04-14 11:17,总共编辑 2 次。
清淡DE茶
帖子: 18
注册时间: 2006-11-11 12:09
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#2

帖子 清淡DE茶 » 2007-05-23 13:32

好方法阿。。。
flamingwind
帖子: 26
注册时间: 2007-03-01 17:43
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#3

帖子 flamingwind » 2007-05-24 20:17

本来就是这么弄呀
记得保持只有一个 defualtsaved起中作用(将不需要的用##注释掉)
ybb315
帖子: 3
注册时间: 2007-05-06 6:24
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#4

帖子 ybb315 » 2007-05-28 10:36

回去试下
djshow
帖子: 3
注册时间: 2005-11-18 13:19
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#5

帖子 djshow » 2007-05-28 14:45

第一个启动项为0, 数一下XP的位置,修改前面
default X

X 为XP位置,一般先装XP后装ubuntu双系统时,X = 4
头像
yafeineer
帖子: 25
注册时间: 2007-01-17 16:09
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0
联系:

#6

帖子 yafeineer » 2007-06-06 15:01

在menu.list中——defualt 0,0表示第一个启动系统,以此类推......
头像
days72115
帖子: 124
注册时间: 2006-09-02 21:41
来自: 江苏南京
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0
联系:

#7

帖子 days72115 » 2007-06-06 15:04

本来就是这样改的啊
如果grub有splash的话,splash要在菜单选项的前面
http://www.iviai.com.cn
C2.6/384M DDR266/Samsung80G+ST160G/MMX44064bit64M/DVD-rw
头像
龙吟
帖子: 80
注册时间: 2007-06-23 0:06
来自: 广东
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0
联系:

#8

帖子 龙吟 » 2007-06-23 0:13

学习ing
Linux.Love
shaoy1
帖子: 8
注册时间: 2007-04-19 17:16
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#9

帖子 shaoy1 » 2007-06-27 14:21

哪位把完整配置发出来阿~!
我的挂了
crhacker
帖子: 7
注册时间: 2007-07-17 16:03
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#10

帖子 crhacker » 2007-07-17 16:05

djshow 写了:第一个启动项为0, 数一下XP的位置,修改前面
default X

X 为XP位置,一般先装XP后装ubuntu双系统时,X = 4
正解
昨天刚试过了呵呵
only-fun
帖子: 168
注册时间: 2007-05-25 22:33
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0
联系:

#11

帖子 only-fun » 2007-07-17 17:37

谢谢!!!
绝对新手!

请多关照!
czlpk
帖子: 25
注册时间: 2007-09-05 14:52
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

我的是这样,但我的比系统启动更复杂,我的系统能反复引导,就算格了MBR还用在XP的引导

#12

帖子 czlpk » 2007-09-17 13:24

# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not change this entry to 'saved' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 10

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=0300c011-6387-41b3-971a-c54d2f6019f9 ro

## Setup crashdump menu entries
## e.g. crashdump=1
# crashdump=0

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=(hd0,4)

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash locale=zh_CN

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-16-generic root=UUID=0300c011-6387-41b3-971a-c54d2f6019f9 ro quiet splash locale=zh_CN
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-16-generic
quiet
savedefault

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-16-generic root=UUID=0300c011-6387-41b3-971a-c54d2f6019f9 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-16-generic

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=0300c011-6387-41b3-971a-c54d2f6019f9 ro quiet splash locale=zh_CN
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic
quiet
savedefault

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-15-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-15-generic root=UUID=0300c011-6387-41b3-971a-c54d2f6019f9 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-15-generic

title Ubuntu, memtest86+
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title Other operating systems:
root


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/sda1
title Microsoft Windows XP Professional
root (hd0,0)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1
czlpk
帖子: 25
注册时间: 2007-09-05 14:52
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

上面的是原装的。这个是改好的,## ## End Default Options ## 由这行下面开如加说XP的

#13

帖子 czlpk » 2007-09-17 13:27

## ## End Default Options ##


title Microsoft Windows XP Professional
root (hd0,0)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1


title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-16-generic root=UUID=0300c011-6387-41b3-971a-c54d2f6019f9 ro quiet splash locale=zh_CN
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-16-generic
quiet
savedefault

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.20-16-generic (recovery mode)
root (hd0,4)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.20-16-generic root=UUID=0300c011-6387-41b3-971a-c54d2f6019f9 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.20-16-generic
txcathu
帖子: 9
注册时间: 2007-11-09 10:29
来自: China
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0
联系:

help

#14

帖子 txcathu » 2007-11-13 10:59

我的看不到那个列表 为设么阿
而且按上面命令自己输就显示找不到
只有复制 粘贴才能打开
不过打开的是空的 里面没东西
huanleyx
帖子: 7
注册时间: 2007-11-18 19:27
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#15

帖子 huanleyx » 2007-11-18 19:33

能不能把第二和三项删去呀?一般就用第一项( ubuntu) 和第四项(winxp)
回复

回到 “启动和引导”