Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

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Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#1

帖子 supercatexpert » 2011-02-06 9:40

February 6th, 2011

After 24 months of constant development, the Debian Project is proud to present its new stable version 6.0 (code name "Squeeze"). Debian 6.0 is a free operating system, coming for the first time in two flavours. Alongside Debian GNU/Linux, Debian GNU/kFreeBSD is introduced with this version as a "technology preview".

Debian 6.0 includes the KDE Plasma Desktop and Applications, the GNOME, Xfce, and LXDE desktop environments as well as all kinds of server applications. It also features compatibility with the FHS v2.3 and software developed for version 3.2 of the LSB.

Debian runs on computers ranging from palmtops and handheld systems to supercomputers, and on nearly everything in between. A total of nine architectures are supported by Debian GNU/Linux: 32-bit PC / Intel IA-32 (i386), 64-bit PC / Intel EM64T / x86-64 (amd64), Motorola/IBM PowerPC (powerpc), Sun/Oracle SPARC (sparc), MIPS (mips (big-endian) and mipsel (little-endian)), Intel Itanium (ia64), IBM S/390 (s390), and ARM EABI (armel).

Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" introduces technical previews of two new ports to the kernel of the FreeBSD project using the known Debian/GNU userland: Debian GNU/kFreeBSD for the 32-bit PC (kfreebsd-i386) and the 64-bit PC (kfreebsd-amd64). These ports are the first ones ever to be included in a Debian release which are not based on the Linux kernel. The support of common server software is strong and combines the existing features of Linux-based Debian versions with the unique features known from the BSD world. However, for this release these new ports are limited; for example, some advanced desktop features are not yet supported.

Another first is the completely free Linux kernel, which no longer contains problematic firmware files. These were split out into separate packages and moved out of the Debian main archive into the non-free area of our archive, which is not enabled by default. In this way Debian users have the possibility of running a completely free operating system, but may still choose to use non-free firmware files if necessary. Firmware files needed during installation may be loaded by the installation system; special CD images and tarballs for USB based installations are available too. More information about this may be found in the Debian Firmware wiki page.

Furthermore, Debian 6.0 introduces a dependency based boot system, making system start-up faster and more robust due to parallel execution of boot scripts and correct dependency tracking between them. Various other changes make Debian more suitable for small form factor notebooks, like the introduction of the KDE Plasma Netbook shell.

This release includes numerous updated software packages, such as:

* KDE Plasma Workspaces and KDE Applications 4.4.5
* an updated version of the GNOME desktop environment 2.30
* the Xfce 4.6 desktop environment
* LXDE 0.5.0
* X.Org 7.5
* OpenOffice.org 3.2.1
* GIMP 2.6.11
* Iceweasel 3.5.16 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Firefox)
* Icedove 3.0.11 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Thunderbird)
* PostgreSQL 8.4.6
* MySQL 5.1.49
* GNU Compiler Collection 4.4.5
* Linux 2.6.32
* Apache 2.2.16
* Samba 3.5.6
* Python 2.6.6, 2.5.5 and 3.1.3
* Perl 5.10.1
* PHP 5.3.3
* Asterisk 1.6.2.9
* Nagios 3.2.3
* Xen Hypervisor 4.0.1 (dom0 as well as domU support)
* OpenJDK 6b18
* Tomcat 6.0.18
* more than 29,000 other ready-to-use software packages, built from nearly 15,000 source packages.

Debian 6.0 includes over 10,000 new packages like the browser Chromium, the monitoring solution Icinga, the package management frontend Software Center, the network manager wicd, the Linux container tools lxc and the cluster framework Corosync.

With this broad selection of packages, Debian once again stays true to its goal of being the universal operating system. It is suitable for many different use cases: from desktop systems to netbooks; from development servers to cluster systems; and for database, web or storage servers. At the same time, additional quality assurance efforts like automatic installation and upgrade tests for all packages in Debian's archive ensure that Debian 6.0 fulfils the high expectations that users have of a stable Debian release. It is rock solid and rigorously tested.

Starting from Debian 6.0, the "Custom Debian Distributions" are renamed to "Debian Pure Blends". Their coverage has increased as Debian 6.0 adds Debian Accessibility, DebiChem, Debian EzGo, Debian GIS and Debian Multimedia to the already existing Debian Edu, Debian Med and Debian Science "pure blends". The full content of all the blends can be browsed, including prospective packages that users are welcome to nominate for addition to the next release.

Debian may be installed from various installation media such as Blu-ray Discs, DVDs, CDs and USB sticks or from the network. GNOME is the default desktop environment and is contained on the first CD. Other desktop environments — KDE Plasma Desktop and Applications, Xfce, or LXDE — may be installed through two alternative CD images. The desired desktop environment may also be chosen from the boot menus of the CDs/DVDs. Again available with Debian 6.0 are multi-architecture CDs and DVDs which support installation of multiple architectures from a single disc. The creation of bootable USB installation media has also been greatly simplified; see the Installation Guide for more details.

In addition to the regular installation media, Debian GNU/Linux may also be directly used without prior installation. The special images used, known as live images, are available for CDs, USB sticks and netboot setups. Initially, these are provided for the amd64 and i386 architectures only. It is also possible to use these live images to install Debian GNU/Linux.

The installation process for Debian GNU/Linux 6.0 has been improved in various ways, including easier selection of language and keyboard settings, and partitioning of logical volumes, RAID and encrypted systems. Support has also been added for the ext4 and Btrfs filesystems and — on the kFreeBSD architecture — the Zettabyte filesystem (ZFS). The installation system for Debian GNU/Linux is now available in 70 languages.

Debian installation images may be downloaded right now via BitTorrent (the recommended method), jigdo or HTTP; see Debian on CDs for further information. It will soon be available on physical DVD, CD-ROM and Blu-ray Discs from numerous vendors, too.

Upgrades to Debian GNU/Linux 6.0 from the previous release, Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 (codenamed "Lenny"), are automatically handled by the apt-get package management tool for most configurations, and to a certain degree also by the aptitude package management tool. As always, Debian GNU/Linux systems may be upgraded painlessly, in place, without any forced downtime, but it is strongly recommended to read the release notes as well as the installation guide for possible issues, and for detailed instructions on installing and upgrading. The release notes will be further improved and translated to additional languages in the weeks after the release.
下载地址: http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/6.0.0/
OS: Debian Wheezy (Testing) for AMD64~~~
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RhythmCat 2进行中 (https://github.com/supercatexpert/RhythmCat2/)
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#2

帖子 TeliuTe » 2011-02-06 9:45

抽空下载一下
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#3

帖子 acid303 » 2011-02-06 10:25

:em11
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#4

帖子 xw712 » 2011-02-06 19:50

此版的源列表在哪里?
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#5

帖子 leni » 2011-02-06 22:44

I'm glad to be informed of his coming.
latex 是个命令集,不是软件,所以在应用程序里找不到,也不存在启动。使用的话,自己写个 .tex 的文件,用 latex 编译。viewtopic.php?f=35&t=331555 的 4楼 有入门教程PDF下载。
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#6

帖子 supercatexpert » 2011-02-06 23:35

要源列表?

代码: 全选

# Debian Main Repository (Offical)
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
deb-src http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib

# Debian Main Repository (163 Mirror)
#deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
#deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
#deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
#deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib

# Debian Multimedia
deb http://www.debian-multimedia.org squeeze main non-free
deb-src http://www.debian-multimedia.org squeeze main

# Debian Security
deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free

# Debian Backports
deb http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports squeeze-backports main
本人目前用的是官方源,可以根据实际情况自己选择使用163的镜像。
OS: Debian Wheezy (Testing) for AMD64~~~
Mobile Phone: Nokia N900, OS: Maemo 5.0 (Base on Debian)~~~
本人的项目: RhythmCat(Linux下的音乐播放器.....支持歌词等功能...)
http://code.google.com/p/rhythmcat

RhythmCat 2进行中 (https://github.com/supercatexpert/RhythmCat2/)
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#7

帖子 rediscover » 2011-02-06 23:45

supercatexpert 写了:要源列表?
本人目前用的是官方源,可以根据实际情况自己选择使用163的镜像。
163的源现在已经是官方源了。ftp.xy.debian.org 是一样的,因为debian的镜像机制似的那些服务器都是完全同步的。使用 ftp.debian.org 只是看起来好,但对提供商和自己都没有什么好处。
Here I am.
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#8

帖子 xw712 » 2011-02-07 9:45

谢谢提供!

我现在用的是64位 testing(win7下硬盘装的,easybcd grub) ,想换成32位stable,iso下了,怎么硬盘安装?
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#9

帖子 Sas » 2011-02-08 23:43

8张dvd啊~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/6.0.0/i386/iso-dvd/
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#10

帖子 jobinson99 » 2011-02-09 0:13

只要第一张cd就够了,剩下的装完后,联网搞定。
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#11

帖子 leni » 2011-02-09 1:34

像我这种cisco联网的还是需要live cd
latex 是个命令集,不是软件,所以在应用程序里找不到,也不存在启动。使用的话,自己写个 .tex 的文件,用 latex 编译。viewtopic.php?f=35&t=331555 的 4楼 有入门教程PDF下载。
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#12

帖子 supercatexpert » 2011-02-09 7:47

Debian Squeeze也有提供Live CD.....
http://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/6.0.0-live/

本人已经下完8张DVD~~~~ :em06 :em09 AMD64版的~~
OS: Debian Wheezy (Testing) for AMD64~~~
Mobile Phone: Nokia N900, OS: Maemo 5.0 (Base on Debian)~~~
本人的项目: RhythmCat(Linux下的音乐播放器.....支持歌词等功能...)
http://code.google.com/p/rhythmcat

RhythmCat 2进行中 (https://github.com/supercatexpert/RhythmCat2/)
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Re: Debian Squeeze 正式版发布

#13

帖子 jr4bx » 2011-02-13 16:26

由于debian采用了讨论已久的两年发行周期,6.0.0大概提前个把月发布了,所以仍然存在很多问题,比如底层的pam和linux内核都还有已知安全问题未修复,相信6.0.1才是成熟的squeeze
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