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 文章标题 : How to use Gnome, GDM, Icon, Cursor themes (and more)
帖子发表于 : 2005-07-10 18:48 

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I couldn't find a unified guide on how to actually use skins, and had to find stuff out from scattered threads on the forums. For future reference by me (When I forget something, which I know I will) and anyone else, I put together this guide.

I've based it on my experience with the stuff from gnome-look.org, which has lots of very nice themes (Some Ubuntu-specific).

--------------------------------------------------

Notes:
- Every time you see a dollar sign inside quotation marks, it means to enter that command from the console as it appears within the quoation marks. For example:
"$ ls -l"
- I assume you have the extra repositories (http://ubuntuguide.org/temp/#extrarepositories) set up for this guide.

Downloading and extracting to /usr/share/pixmaps
Several times I say to download/extract something to /usr/share/pixmaps; you WILL need to use sudo or su. If you are queasy about the console, I recommend you download and extract the file to the desktop, then move files in the console with the following (Replace file_goes_here with the file you want to move):

For all files but splash screen images
1) "$ cd /usr/share/pixmaps"
2) "$ sudo mv ~/Desktop/file_goes_here ."
3) Repeat #2 for all extracted files

For splash screens
Splash screens are stored in their own special directory, so the commands are slightly different.
1) "$ cd /usr/share/pixmaps/splash"
2) "$ sudo mv ~/Desktop/file_goes_here ."
3) Repeat #2 for all extracted files

--------------------------------------------------

GDM Themes
1) Download the theme(s) to an easily accessible location
2) From the main menu, start System->Administration->Login Screen Setup
3) Make sure that the "Local:" field has "Graphical greeter" selected
4) Click the "Graphical greeter" tab
5) Click "Install new theme" and select the package
5) Repeat #4 for all themes you want to install
6) Double-click the theme you want to use
7) Click "close"
8) To see the new GDM screen, simply logout (No reboot required)

-------------------------

Gnome splash screen
1) Download and extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps/splash
2) Open the configuration editor (Main menu->System tools->Configuration editor)
3) Go to /apps/gnome-session/options and click on the folder.
4) Check "show_splash_screen"
5) Click twice, slowly, on the splash_image field and enter "splash/name_of_file", without quotes, replacing name_of_file with the name of the file WITH THE EXTENSION.
9) Close the Configuration Editor. To see the splash screen in action, log out and log back in to Gnome.

-------------------------

GTK 2.0+ Themes
1) Download the theme(s) to an easily accessible location
2) From the main menu, go to System->Preferences->Theme
3) Drag the compressed file into the list
4) Repeat #4 for all themes. Note that as you drag the themes in, a success message will appear that will tell you what exact type of theme was added.
5) To pick a main theme, simply click on it.
6) Once you've chosen a main theme, to pick a control or border theme, click the "Theme Details" and pick from the lists in the "Controls" or "Window borders" tabs. THe "Icons" tab will also let you select which icon set to use.

-------------------------

Icon Themes
1) Download the theme(s) to an easily accessible location
2) From the main menu, go to System->Preferences->Theme
3) Click "Theme details"
4) Select the "Icons" tab
5) Drag the compressed file into the list
6) Repeat #5 for all themes
7) Select a theme by clicking on it (Icons will update instantaneously)
8) Click "Close" when done

-------------------------

Cursors
1) Download the theme to an easily accessible location
2) If you haven't got gcursor, do "$ sudo apt-get install gcursor"
3) Start it with "$ gcursor"
4) Click 'Install theme' and select the compressed file to add it
Note that some cursor themes may come with multiple versions (ie left-handed); in this case, you will have to manually extract the folder with the version you want, then right-click and select "Create archive...", select tar.gz, and click "OK" before you can add it
5) Repeat #3 for all themes you want to install
6) Once you're finished, select the theme you want to use and click "Close"

-------------------------

Individual Application Icons
Gnome menu icon
1) Install the Gnome menu editor (http://ubuntuguide.org/temp/#menu-editor)
2) Download & extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps
3) If the app is in the menu, use the menu editor to select the entry, and click on the icon button.
4) Select the icon in the directory, click "Open", then click "Save".

Panel icon
1) Download and extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps
2) If the icon is on a panel, right-click it and select properties
3) Click the icon button
4) Select the icon from the list that comes up.
5) Click "OK", and then "Close".

-------------------------

Gnome main menu
1) Download and extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps
2) Open the configuration editor (Main menu->System tools->Configuration editor)
3) Go to /apps/panel/objects and expand it (Click the little arrow)
4) You will see a series of folders with names like "object_2", "object_3", etc
5) Look through those folders and find the one with a "tooltip" value of "Main Menu" in the right side of the window
6) Check "use_custom_icon"
7) Click twice on the value column of the "custom_icon" field
8) Enter "name_of_file", without quotes, replacing name_of_file with the name of the file WITH THE EXTENSION
9) Click out of the field; the change should be immediate
10) When you're done, close the Configuration editor


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2 楼 
 文章标题 : 第一个翻译,请多多指教----翻译已完成!!
帖子发表于 : 2005-07-14 20:49 

注册: 2005-07-08 22:58
帖子: 5
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I couldn't find a unified guide on how to actually use skins, and had to find stuff out from scattered threads on the forums. For future reference by me (When I forget something, which I know I will) and anyone else, I put together this guide.
有关究竟如何使用皮肤(skin),笔者找不到一个统一的指南,而不得不在论坛分散零乱的帖子中寻找相关信息。为了方便自己和别人以后的查找(有时我会忘记那些自己会忘记的东西),我将相关的帖子收集整理在这个指南中。
I've based it on my experience with the stuff from gnome-look.org, which has lots of very nice themes (Some Ubuntu-specific).
这些皮肤主题等信息主要来自 gnome-look.org,这个网站有大量出色的桌面主题(有些指定用于Ubuntu )。
--------------------------------------------------

Notes:
注意事项:
- Every time you see a dollar sign inside quotation marks, it means to enter that command from the console as it appears within the quoation marks. For example:
"$ ls -l"
-每次你都会看到一个美元($)符号(双引号里面),它意思是指在终端输入某个命令。例如:
"$ ls -l"
- I assume you have the extra repositories (http://ubuntuguide.org/temp/#extrarepositories) set up for this guide.
-我假设你已经设置好其余的配置(http://ubuntuguide.org/temp/#extrarepositories)。

Downloading and extracting to /usr/share/pixmaps
下载并解压到/usr/share/pixmaps
Several times I say to download/extract something to /usr/share/pixmaps; you WILL need to use sudo or su. If you are queasy about the console, I recommend you download and extract the file to the desktop, then move files in the console with the following (Replace file_goes_here with the file you want to move):
有时我会说到下载/解压某个文件到/usr/share/pixmaps;你将会需要使用sudo或su命令。如果你不会使用终端,我建议你下载并解压文件到桌面,接着,按照下面的操作步骤,在终端移动文件(下文中提到的file_goes_here即是你想要移动的文件 ):

For all files but splash screen images
对于除了启动画面外的所有图片
1) "$ cd /usr/share/pixmaps"
2) "$ sudo mv ~/Desktop/file_goes_here ."
3) Repeat #2 for all extracted files
1)"$ cd /usr/share/pixmaps"
2)"$ sudo mv ~/Desktop/file_goes_here ."
3)对于所有已解压的文件重复步骤2)

For splash screens
对于启动画面(splash screens )
Splash screens are stored in their own special directory, so the commands are slightly different.
启动画面储存于各自指定的目录,因此命令稍微有些不同。
1) "$ cd /usr/share/pixmaps/splash"
2) "$ sudo mv ~/Desktop/file_goes_here ."
3) Repeat #2 for all extracted files
1) "$ cd /usr/share/pixmaps/splash"
2) "$ sudo mv ~/Desktop/file_goes_here ."
3)对于所有已解压的文件重复步骤2)
--------------------------------------------------

GDM Themes
1) Download the theme(s) to an easily accessible location
2) From the main menu, start System->Administration->Login Screen Setup
3) Make sure that the "Local:" field has "Graphical greeter" selected
4) Click the "Graphical greeter" tab
5) Click "Install new theme" and select the package
6) Repeat #4 for all themes you want to install
7) Double-click the theme you want to use
8) Click "close"
9) To see the new GDM screen, simply logout (No reboot required)
GDM主题
1)下载主题到一个容易存取的位置
2)从主菜单中启动 系统(System)->系统管理(Administration)->登陆屏幕设置(Login Screen Setup)
3)确定"本地(Local):"属性项中的"图形欢迎程序(Graphical greeter)"已选择
4)点击"图形欢迎程序(Graphical greeter)"分页项
5)点击 "安装新主题(Install new theme)"并选择主题包
6)对于所有你想安装的主题,重复步骤4)
7)双击你想使用的主题
8)点击 "关闭(close)"
9)只需注销(不必重启),即可看到新的GDM屏幕效果
-------------------------

Gnome splash screen
1) Download and extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps/splash
2) Open the configuration editor (Main menu->System tools->Configuration editor)
3) Go to /apps/gnome-session/options and click on the folder.
4) Check "show_splash_screen"
5) Click twice, slowly, on the splash_image field and enter "splash/name_of_file", without quotes, replacing name_of_file with the name of the file WITH THE EXTENSION.
6) Close the Configuration Editor. To see the splash screen in action, log out and log back in to Gnome. Gnome启动画面
1)下载并解压图标至/usr/share/pixmaps/splash。
2)打开配置编辑器(应用程序->系统工具->配置编辑器)。
3)跳到/apps/gnome-session/options,点击该文件夹。
4)检查"show_splash_screen" 的复选框是否选中。
5)在 splash_image 字段中双击鼠标左键,输入"splash/name_of_file"(不包括双引号),把 name_of_file 改为你所喜爱的图片名称,注意图片文件名应该包括扩展名。
6)关闭配置编辑器。注销后再登陆,即可看到新的启动画面。

-------------------------

GTK 2.0+ Themes
1) Download the theme(s) to an easily accessible location
2) From the main menu, go to System->Preferences->Theme
3) Drag the compressed file into the list
4) Repeat #4 for all themes. Note that as you drag the themes in, a success message will appear that will tell you what exact type of theme was added.
5) To pick a main theme, simply click on it.
6) Once you've chosen a main theme, to pick a control or border theme, click the "Theme Details" and pick from the lists in the "Controls" or "Window borders" tabs. THe "Icons" tab will also let you select which icon set to use.
GTK 2.0+主题
1)下载主题到一个容易存取的位置
2)从主菜单中,跳到系统->首选项->主题
3)拖放压缩的主题文件到列表中
4)重复步骤3)。注意当你拖放主题到列表时,将会出现一个操作成功的消息框,提示你已添加的主题类型。
5)只需点击某个主题,即可看到相应的效果。
6)一旦你选择一个主题,点击"主题细节(Theme Details)",就可以从各自分页的列表中选择相应的控件或窗口边框。至于 "图标"分页项,则是让你设置何种图标。
-------------------------

Icon Themes
1) Download the theme(s) to an easily accessible location
2) From the main menu, go to System->Preferences->Theme
3) Click "Theme details"
4) Select the "Icons" tab
5) Drag the compressed file into the list
6) Repeat #5 for all themes
7) Select a theme by clicking on it (Icons will update instantaneously)
8) Click "Close" when done
图标主题
1)下载主题到一个容易存取的位置
2)从主菜单中,跳到系统->首选项->主题
3)点击 "主题细节"
4)选择 "图标"分页项
5)拖放压缩文件到列表中
6)对于所有主题重复步骤5)
7)点击一个主题(图标将会即时更新)
8)设置完成后,点击 "关闭"
-------------------------

Cursors
1) Download the theme to an easily accessible location
2) If you haven't got gcursor, do "$ sudo apt-get install gcursor"
3) Start it with "$ gcursor"
4) Click 'Install theme' and select the compressed file to add it
Note that some cursor themes may come with multiple versions (ie left-handed); in this case, you will have to manually extract the folder with the version you want, then right-click and select "Create archive...", select tar.gz, and click "OK" before you can add it
5) Repeat #3 for all themes you want to install
6) Once you're finished, select the theme you want to use and click "Close"
光标
1)下载主题到一个容易存取的位置
2)如果你尚未安装gcursor,请输入命令"$ sudo apt-get install gcursor"
3)在终端输入命令"$ gcursor"启动之
4)点击"安装主题",选择压缩文件,添加之。注意:一些光标主题可能有多个版本(例如适用于左手的版本),在这种情况下,你得手动解压你想要的那个版本的文件夹,接着按鼠标右键,选择"创建压缩包(Create archive)...",选定tar.gz,并点击"确定",这样你才能添加。
5)对于你想安装的所有主题,重复步骤3)
6)操作完成之后,选择你想使用的主题,点击"关闭"
-------------------------

Individual Application Icons
特殊的应用程序图标
Gnome menu icon
1) Install the Gnome menu editor (http://ubuntuguide.org/temp/#menu-editor)
2) Download & extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps
3) If the app is in the menu, use the menu editor to select the entry, and click on the icon button.
4) Select the icon in the directory, click "Open", then click "Save".
Gnome菜单图标
1)安装Gnome菜单编辑器 (http://ubuntuguide.org/temp/#menu-editor)
2)下载并解压图标到/usr/share/pixmaps
3)如果该程序在菜单中,使用菜单编辑器来选择此条目,点击图标按钮
4)选择图标所在的目录,点击"打开",接着点击"保存"

Panel icon
1) Download and extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps
2) If the icon is on a panel, right-click it and select properties
3) Click the icon button
4) Select the icon from the list that comes up.
5) Click "OK", and then "Close".
面板图标
1)下载并解压图标到/usr/share/pixmaps
2)如果图标在面板中,按鼠标右键,选择属性
3)点击图标按钮
4)从列表中选择图标
5)点击"确定",接着点击"关闭"
-------------------------

Gnome main menu
1) Download and extract the icon to /usr/share/pixmaps
2) Open the configuration editor (Main menu->System tools->Configuration editor)
3) Go to /apps/panel/objects and expand it (Click the little arrow)
4) You will see a series of folders with names like "object_2", "object_3", etc
5) Look through those folders and find the one with a "tooltip" value of "Main Menu" in the right side of the window
6) Check "use_custom_icon"
7) Click twice on the value column of the "custom_icon" field
8)Enter "name_of_file", without quotes, replacing name_of_file with the name of the file WITH THE EXTENSION
9) Click out of the field; the change should be immediate
10) When you're done, close the Configuration editor
Gnome主菜单(也就是“应用程序”)
1)下载并解压图标到/usr/share/pixmaps
2)打开配置编辑器(应用程序->系统工具->配置编辑器)
3)跳到/apps/panel/objects,点击小箭头,展开它
4)你将会看到一系列文件夹包含这样的名称"object_2", "object_3"等等
5)浏览这些文件夹,你将会在右边的窗口中看到 "tooltip"值
6)检查"use_custom_icon"的复选框是否选中。
7)双击"custom_icon" 字段
8)输入"name_of_file"(不包括双引号),把name_of_file 改为你所喜爱的图标名称,注意图标文件名应该包括扩展名。
9)点击该字段以外的地方,修改立即生效
10)修改完成后,关闭配置编辑器


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3 楼 
 文章标题 :
帖子发表于 : 2005-07-18 11:53 
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注册: 2005-03-27 0:06
帖子: 10110
系统: Ubuntu 12.04
送出感谢: 7
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http://www.ubuntu.org.cn/support/docume ... wiki/skin/


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 文章标题 :
帖子发表于 : 2006-07-31 15:11 
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注册: 2005-07-02 14:41
帖子: 4133
系统: Ubuntu 14.04 (Kylin)
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http://wiki.ubuntu.org.cn/SkinHowtTo


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