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 文章标题 : community/participate
帖子发表于 : 2006-05-09 22:11 

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<http://www.ubuntu.com/community/participate>
Participate
参与

Every Ubuntu user can participate in the Ubuntu community. Here are some starting points for people who want to help shape the direction that Ubuntu takes.

任何Ubuntu用户都可以参与Ubuntu社区。本文给那些想帮助Ubuntu的发展的人一些起步的建议:

You can participate in the Ubuntu community on many levels, from simply giving advice to fellow Ubuntu users to becoming a maintainer of core packages. We welcome new drive and ideas and any contributions to improve Ubuntu and spread Free Software. Anyone who has made significant contributions to the Ubuntu community can be recognized as an Ubuntu Member, giving you the right to vote on defining the goals and vision that drive us. The membership process is described in detail here. The contents of this page are:

你可以选择参与的深度,如帮助其他初来乍到的Ubuntu用户,也可以成为核心软件包的维护者。我们欢迎任何鼓励和建议,感谢你对自由软件推广和Ubuntu的任何改进。
任何对Ubuntu社区有重要贡献的人都可以被授予“Ubuntu会员”,享有重要事务的投票权。晋升会员的方式详见下面。

Advocacy

推广

The easiest way to give back to the Ubuntu community is by telling others about Ubuntu and become an Ubuntu advocate:

告诉别人Ubuntu这是最简单的贡献方式:
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Join or start a Local Community Team and get involved in Ubuntu advocacy, activities, talks, help install Ubuntu on new users' computers by organizing or attending install parties and provide friendly support in your local community and language.

参加或建立一个“本地社区小组”(链接)来投身各种推广活动、讲演、在计算机安装派对上给新手安装支持、还有为你当地用户团体和本地语言提供一些友善的支持帮助。

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Give a talk at your local Linux User Group or other technical group on Ubuntu! A sample of templates, talks and notes given by others in several languages are available on the wiki.
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在你本地的Linux用户组(链接)和其他技术社区里谈谈Ubuntu! 你可以在wiki(英文站)上找到好几种语言的由其他人提供的模板、谈话和摘要的一些样例。
Order CDs from Shipit and distribute them to people as part of larger groups or on your own. Drop them off at LUGs, Internet Cafes or anywhere that people use computers. Share the love! But don't fire and forget, help people to make the most of the Free Software world and to become part of the revolution.
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从shipit(英文站)订购CD,并分发给其他人群或者你自己留用。你可以到本地Linux用户组(LUG)、网吧或者其他有人用计算机的地方去送CD,分享Ubuntu。但是别就这么完了,帮助人们充分地从自由软件世界里获益,甚至成为这一伟大发展进程的一分子。
In general, you should show your friends the power of Free Software, spread the word and raise general awareness around Ubuntu!

总之,你应该向你身边朋友们展示“自由软件”的能量,把Ubuntu介绍给所有应该知道它的人。

Support

支持

You can make a major contribution to the Ubuntu project by helping others use Ubuntu:

你可以提供重要的贡献给Ubuntu项目,帮助人们使用Ubuntu:
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Join an email support list or discussion list on the Ubuntu Mailing Lists. The primary support list is ubuntu-users and the primary announcement lists are ubuntu-announce and ubuntu-news.

马上到“Ubuntu邮件列表”(链接)加入邮件支持列表或者邮件讨论列表。主要的支持列表是ubuntu-users,主要的新闻发布列表是ubuntu-annonce和ubuntu-news.
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Join the and respond to requests for help there.
加入讨论或回复那些寻求帮助的邮件。
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Join the Ubuntu support and discussion IRC channel: #ubuntu on irc.freenode.net

还有IRC讨论频道可以参加:#ubuntu@irc.freenode.net

Ideas and Feedback

想法和反馈

Help steer the direction we take Ubuntu, by describing your vision and ideas for a better server and desktop OS and application stack.

对Ubuntu的发展方向谈谈你的见解和想法,比如做个更好的服务器/桌面系统,更好的应用软件架构组合。
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Participate in discussions and brainstorming on the Ubuntu Wiki where we work on the fastest-moving documents before they are ready for publication on the main web site.
参与到Ubuntu Wiki(链接)来,我们都在那里快速创建那些将来会在主网站上发布的文档


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Add your ideas to the Idea Pool for features you'd like to see in Ubuntu, products, marketing suggestions or any other ideas you'd like to add here.

在Idea Pool(链接)里写上你希望Ubuntu里提供的东西,或者新的产品、市场营销建议等等你想加上去的其他主意。

Remember, in the open source world, code counts more than talk so try to find friends or link up with people who can help turn your vision into reality, or start cutting the code yourself if that's your line of interest.

记住,在开放源代码的世界里,写代码远比空谈更实在,所以,找到一些志同道合的朋友或者结识那些能帮你把好的想法用代码实现出来的人,或者你也可以自己试着拼凑。

Documentation

文档

If you get stumped by a problem, chances are good that many other people will be frustrated by it as well. If you are not in a position to write code to change the situation -- for whatever reason -- you can help everyone else out by writing up your experience and documenting the solution! Some of the most constructive ways to get involved in the Ubuntu documentation community might be:

如果你碰到一个问题,很可能其他人也会碰到。如果你不能靠修改代码解决问题,请把你的经验和解决方法给记录下来!试试下面这些最有建设性的方式来加入Ubuntu的文档创作社区:
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Take notes as you puzzle through a problem and then document the solution. Check to see if documentation already exists first. If it does, augment or improve existing documentation. If it doesn't go ahead and add a page in the wiki. Rather than answer a question two or more times, write up the answer and make it available to everyone in the wiki.

记下你是如何处理各种问题的。看看是不是已经有类似的文档发表过了,参与到这个文档的改进和研讨中。如果讨论没能得出什么一致观点,你可以再创建一个新的wiki页。这主要是避免你不断的去回复类似的问题,把你的答案放到wiki上!
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Read through the HOWTOs and other documentation in the Ubuntu forums, read them over and check them for accuracy, and put them in the wiki. Read the Wiki Guide for help with this.

读Ubuntu论坛(链接)里的HOWTO或其他重要文档,通读一遍检查确定没有什么错误,然后放到wiki上。看看 Wiki指南(链接),它能帮助你。
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If you are interested in working on the official Ubuntu documentation, you can join the Ubuntu Documentation Team. Information on getting started with the Documentation Team is online at the Documentation team website

如果你对编撰官方Ubuntu文档感兴趣,你可以参与“Ubuntu文档创建小组”。具体信息请访问文档创建小组的网站。

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Help clean, proof read, and test the instructions in the community wiki. You can help get an idea of useful tasks in the WikiToDo for more information.

在社区wiki里帮着纠错,或照文档试着操作一下。WikiToDo(链接)上有待完成任务的很好说明。

Artwork
美工

If you are more artistic than literary, you can express that talent and improve the style and feel of the Ubuntu desktop by contributing artwork and helping design the next release of Ubuntu.

如果你有这方面的天份和偏好,你可以协助美化Ubuntu桌面和设计下一版本的Ubuntu.

If you have skills with wallpapers, Inkscape, icons and themes you should contribute to the Art team who on icons, themes. You can communicate with the team by joining ubuntu-art mailing list.

如果你有这方面的技能(制作墙纸、插图、图标、界面主题),你可以参加相关的美工小组。你可以加入ubuntu-art邮件列表来取得和这些小组的联系。
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You can create and share Ubuntu backgrounds and other artwork. You can upload these to any of the following places:

可以把你做得墙纸或其它美工设计上传到任何这些地方:
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The Ubuntu Community Artwork wiki page
Ubuntu美工社区wiki(链接)
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The Ubuntu "Art Talk" section of the Ubuntu forums
Ubuntu论坛的“艺术讨论”版(链接)。
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If your artwork is GNOME based: The GNOME Art Center
Gnome相关的美工作品可以放到“Gnome艺术中心”(链接)
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If your artwork is designed for Kubuntu: The Kubuntu Artwork Page
KDE的在“Kubuntu美工网页”(链接)

Translation and Localisation

翻译和本地化

If your home language is not English but you happen to have really good English skills and are comfortable using software in English, you can make a huge contribution by helping to translate the Ubuntu applications into your home language. Even if you just translate a few lines you may make all the difference to someone in your own country who is just starting to learn about computers and Free Software.

如果你的母语不是英语,但是你的英语又特别棒或者使用英语的软件没什么困难,你可以通过翻译Ubuntu应用软件来大大帮助Ubuntu。哪怕你只是翻译了一点点,这也很可能对那些刚刚开始使用计算机和自由软件的本国/地区人产生巨大的使用差别。
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Translate applications that are included in Ubuntu into your language using the web-based Rosetta translation system.

使用基于Web界面的Rosetta系统(链接)来翻译Ubuntu里包含的软件。
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Join the Ubuntu-Translators mailing list to stay in touch with other Ubuntu translators.
参加 Ubuntu-Translators 邮件列表(链接),和其他翻译者保持密切联系。
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Translate documents written by the documentation team. This can also be done using Rosetta.

用Rosetta(链接)还可以参与翻译那些由文档创建小组编撰的文档。
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Translate popular wiki pages within the wiki.
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直接翻译wiki里的热门网页。

In order to handle translation, fonts, and other issues, you should connect with your Local Community Team. LoCo teams often handle this sort of issue.

你应该和“本地社区小组”联系来解决本地化相关的问题(如翻译、字体等)。“LoCo”(链接)小组一般负责解决这样的问题。


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帖子发表于 : 2006-05-09 23:40 

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Quality Assurance and Bugs
质量保证和臭虫/Bugs

Ubuntu, like any piece of software, needs good testers. You can contribute to Ubuntu simply by running the latest version and reporting bugs and helping follow those bugs until they are fixed.

Ubuntu和其它软件一样,需要高素质的测试人员。你可以通过直接运行最新版的Ubuntu,报告臭虫并一直跟踪解决进程直到消灭它们为止。

The first steps in getting involved in Ubuntu QA and bug-tracking include:

对于质量保证和臭虫跟踪首先采取的步骤包括:
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Running the latest development version of Ubuntu, and upgrading regularly.

及时的更新和运行最新的Ubuntu版本。

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Subscribing to the ubuntu-devel mailing list online and watching it. Many developers post testing and experimental packages to mailing list. Testing CDs are often very under-tested. You can make an important contribution by following the mailing list and reporting bugs and issues that you run into.

订阅ubuntu-devel (链接)列表并跟踪帖子,许多开发者会提交测试和试验版的软件包到列表里。测试版光盘通常非常缺乏测试。跟踪邮件列表和提交你碰到臭虫和问题是很好的贡献方式。

Of course, you will run into problems when you run these testing and development version of Ubuntu. Using the software alone is not a contribution; only when you report the bugs that you encounter do you make a meaningful contribution to the Ubuntu community.

只知道使用软件不是贡献,只有你把发现的臭虫报告出来,你才真正为Ubuntu社区做了有意义的贡献。

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When you find bugs, you should report bugs into the Ubuntu Malone. You can make sure your bugs are more useful by carefully reading GNOME projects bug HOWTO and description of a good bug.

用Ubuntu Malone(链接)来提交臭虫。强烈建议仔细阅读GNOME项目的臭虫HOWTO(链接),和“一个好的臭虫描述”(链接)来使你提交的臭虫得到迅速的回应。
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Look through bugs, especially new bugs, to "triage" them and to find, confirm, and close duplicates. This can also involve verifying and reproducing bugs adding information to the bug description.

查一下已知臭虫,尤其是那些新提交的,这样可以划分臭虫、查找、确认和关闭那些重复的提交。
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Finally, you can make a huge impact by following up on bugs in packages that you care about and by fixing them!

最后,你可以通过关注你关心的臭虫来影响它们的解决速度,亲自解决这些臭虫则功不可没。

See the documentation on our wiki about bug reporting.

看看wiki上的“臭虫提交”(链接)。

Programming and Packaging

编程和打包


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The final way to make an impact in Ubuntu is by getting your hands on the code. You can make technical contributions to Ubuntu by writing new software, by packaging additional software, and by fixing bugs in software. If you're interested in hacking on Ubuntu:

终极的贡献方式当然是亲自从事编程开发。你的技术贡献方式包括开发新软件、打包更多的软件、还有解决臭虫。如果你对敲打Ubuntu感兴趣的话:

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The first step is to join and begin reading the ubuntu-devel mailing list. This is a requirement for anyone who contributes to Ubuntu as a maintainer.

第一步,加入和阅读 ubuntu-devel 列表,这是成为Ubuntu软件包维护者所必须的。
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If you are relatively inexperienced with maintaining distribution packages, then you should seek out the Masters of the Universe. The MOTU maintain the packages in universe, which has less strict requirements than the core Ubuntu components. They also mentor new maintainers on the policies and processes of Ubuntu. You can look over the MOTU ToDo list to see which projects need help.

如果你对维护发行软件包的经验还不够丰富,你可以寻觅一个“Masters of the Universe ”(链接)(MOTU)。MOTU负责维护universe中的软件包,这些包没有核心Ubuntu部件的要求苛刻。他们同时是新的软件包维护者的导师,负责传授Ubuntu里的政策和各种流程。你可以看 MOTU ToDo list (链接) 来获悉那些项目需要帮助。
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Once you have gained experience with packaging tasks (for example, by playing an active role in the MOTU team), you will be able to move from a universe-only maintainer to an Ubuntu main distribution maintainer, following this process.

一旦你取得了足够的经验执行打包任务(比如,在 MOTU 组中十分活跃),你将从只能维护universe变成Ubuntu的正式发行版维护者,具体过程(链接)。
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Look through the list of Ubuntu specifications. You can pick one of these and there should be enough information to begin with an implementation.

通读Ubuntu的系列规定(链接)。你可以挑一个,那里面的内容会很详细的告诉你如何开始实施。
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If you are interested in KDE, you may be interested in helping with the Kubuntu subproject. There is a list of ways to do this on the Helping Kubuntu wiki page.

如果你对KDE很感兴趣,也许你会对帮助Kubuntu子项目感兴趣。在 Helping Kubuntu wiki 页(链接)上列出了一些具体的途径。
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There are some software projects for Ubuntu that are available as paid bounties. You can look through the list of bounties and then submit a proposal and references.

Ubuntu下有的软件项目是提供悬赏的,你可以看看奖金列表(链接)来选择提出你的一个方案和相关参考。
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Write and package brand new software for Ubuntu. We can get new software into the Ubuntu Universe so that people can try it out and give you feedback, and in time it may become part of the Ubuntu Main portfolio of applications that are available to all Ubuntu users by default.

为Ubuntu开发和制作一个新的软件包。我们会把新的软件包放到“Ubuntu Universe”里,这样人们可以试用和提供反馈,将来它有可能成为归入“Ubuntu Main”的内容,成为所有Ubuntu用户默认可以直接使用的软件包。


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帖子发表于 : 2006-05-10 0:20 

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全文完 last update: 2006年5月10日0点19分


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帖子发表于 : 2006-05-10 9:37 
论坛管理员

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http://www.ubuntu.org.cn/community/participate


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帖子发表于 : 2006-07-29 1:56 
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oneleaf 写道:
http://www.ubuntu.org.cn/community/participate

已用于上面,故不转移到wiki


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