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 文章标题 : [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 15:58 
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来源:http://www.ubuntu.org.cn/community/ubuntustory/components/

The Ubuntu software repository is divided into four components - main, restricted, universe and multiverse - on the basis of our ability to support that software, and whether or not it meets the goals laid out in our Free Software Philosophy.

The standard Ubuntu installation is a subset of software available from the main and restricted components. You can install additional software using installation software such as Synaptic Package Manager or Aptitude. Other components are added by editing the /etc/apt/sources.list file. See "man sources.list" for more information on editing the sources.list file.

"main" component

The main distribution component contains applications that are free software, can freely be redistributed and are fully supported by the Ubuntu team. This includes the most popular and most reliable open source applications available, much of which is installed by default when you install Ubuntu.

Software in main includes a hand-selected list of applications that the Ubuntu developers, community, and users feel are important and that the Ubuntu security and distribution team are willing to support. When you install software from the main component you are assured that the software will come with security updates and technical support.

We believe that the software in main includes everything most people will need for a fully functional desktop or internet server running only open source software.

The licences for software applications in main must be free, but main may also may contain binary firmware and selected fonts that cannot be modified without permission from their authors. In all cases redistribution is unencumbered.

"restricted" component

The restricted component is reserved for software that is very commonly used, and which is supported by the Ubuntu team even though it is not available under a completely free licence. Please note that it may not be possible to provide complete support for this software since we are unable to fix the software ourselves, but can only forward problem reports to the actual authors.

Some software from restricted will be installed on Ubuntu CDs but is clearly separated to ensure that it is easy to remove. We include this software because it is essential in order for Ubuntu to run on certain machines - typical examples are the binary drivers that some video card vendors publish, which are the only way for Ubuntu to run on those machines. By default, we will only use open source software unless there is simply no other way to install Ubuntu. The Ubuntu team works with such vendors to accelerate the open-sourcing of their software to ensure that as much software as possible is available under a Free licence.

"universe" component

The universe component is a snapshot of the free, open source, and Linux world. In universe you can find almost every piece of open source software, and software available under a variety of less open licences, all built automatically from a variety of public sources. The basic toolchain and system libraries from main are still used to build this software and it is normally maintained in step with them, so it should install and work well with the software in main, but it comes with no guarantee of security fixes and support. The universe component includes thousands of pieces of software. Through universe, users are able to have the diversity and flexibility offered by the vast open source world on top of a stable Ubuntu core.

Canonical does not provide a guarantee of regular security updates for software found in universe but will provide these where they are made available by the community. Users should understand the risk inherent in using packages from the universe component.

Popular or well supported pieces of software will move from universe into main if they are backed by maintainers willing to meet the standards set for main by the Ubuntu team.

"multiverse" component

The "multiverse" component contains software that is "not free", which means the licensing requirements of this software do not meet the Ubuntu "main" Component Licence Policy.

The onus is on you to verify your rights to use this software and comply with the licensing terms of the copyright holder.

This software is not supported and usually cannot be fixed or updated. Use it at your own risk.


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2 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 16:17 

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The Ubuntu software repository is divided into four components - main, restricted, universe and multiverse - on the basis of our ability to support that software, and whether or not it meets the goals laid out in our Free Software Philosophy.


大家喜欢开源,热爱开源,但是由于每个人的能力不同,所以为了让大家更好的为开源做出贡献,ubuntu将软件仓库的程序分为了“main, restricted, universe and multiverse”四个部分。

The standard Ubuntu installation is a subset of software available from the main and restricted components. You can install additional software using installation software such as Synaptic Package Manager or Aptitude. Other components are added by editing the /etc/apt/sources.list file. See "man sources.list" for more information on editing the sources.list file.

ubuntu的基本组件是从属于main和restricted的。您可以在新力得中安装或者删除他们。
您也可以在“/ etc / apt / sources.list”添加或修改软件源。更多关于软件源的介绍,请:
代码:
man sources.list


:em20 我水平太次了……


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3 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 16:37 

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"main" component

The main distribution component contains applications that are free software, can freely be redistributed and are fully supported by the Ubuntu team. This includes the most popular and most reliable open source applications available, much of which is installed by default when you install Ubuntu.

Software in main includes a hand-selected list of applications that the Ubuntu developers, community, and users feel are important and that the Ubuntu security and distribution team are willing to support. When you install software from the main component you are assured that the software will come with security updates and technical support.

We believe that the software in main includes everything most people will need for a fully functional desktop or internet server running only open source software.

The licences for software applications in main must be free, but main may also may contain binary firmware and selected fonts that cannot be modified without permission from their authors. In all cases redistribution is unencumbered.

“main”库

这个仓库的程序是由ubuntu团队支持的自由软件组成的,因此所以我们可以保证软件的安全,更新和技术支持。这其中包括最流行,最可靠的开源程序。当您安装ubuntu后,大部分程序都作为默认组件安装进您的计算机。

这个仓库分支中,包含了大多数您所需要的程序,不论您是台式机,服务器,还是笔记本。

此仓库的软件遵守GPL协议发布。


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4 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 16:40 
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"multiverse" component

"multiverse"库

The "multiverse" component contains software that is "not free", which means the licensing requirements of this software do not meet the Ubuntu "main" Component Licence Policy.

"multiverse"库内包含“非自由”的软件,意味着这些软件的授权许可不遵从于“main”库的许可策略理念。

The onus is on you to verify your rights to use this software and comply with the licensing terms of the copyright holder.

你的义务是核实使用这些软件的权利,并遵从其版权所有者的授权条款。

This software is not supported and usually cannot be fixed or updated. Use it at your own risk.

本软件不被支持并通常不能被修订和升级。需自行承担使用风险。
:em04


最后由 Capt. 编辑于 2009-10-18 22:21,总共编辑了 1 次

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5 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 17:14 
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"universe" component

"universe"库

The universe component is a snapshot of the free, open source, and Linux world. In universe you can find almost every piece of open source software, and software available under a variety of less open licences, all built automatically from a variety of public sources. The basic toolchain and system libraries from main are still used to build this software and it is normally maintained in step with them, so it should install and work well with the software in main, but it comes with no guarantee of security fixes and support. The universe component includes thousands of pieces of software. Through universe, users are able to have the diversity and flexibility offered by the vast open source world on top of a stable Ubuntu core.

"universe"理念是自由、开源和Linux世界的缩影。在universe中你能几乎找到每一个开源软件,并且软件完全基于多种有限开放许可,所有组件都自动获取于多种公共源。来自于main的基本编译器和系统数据库仍然经常被用于构建此软件并通常被其逐步支持,因此它应该与main中的软件完善的安装和运行,但它没有伴随安全补丁和支持的保障。universe库包含成千上万的软件。通过universe,用户能够得到除稳定的Ubuntu内核外广大开源软件世界多样的和灵活的支持。

Canonical does not provide a guarantee of regular security updates for software found in universe but will provide these where they are made available by the community. Users should understand the risk inherent in using packages from the universe component.

Canonical 不提供对universe库内软件的全面安全升级的担保,但将通过社区提供这些软件的可用出处。 用户需明确使用universe库内软件包的内在风险

Popular or well supported pieces of software will move from universe into main if they are backed by maintainers willing to meet the standards set for main by the Ubuntu team.

流行的或被完善支持的部分软件,如果他们得到开发者的支持并愿意遵从main的标准,将被Ubuntu团队于universe库移入main库。


最后由 Capt. 编辑于 2009-10-18 19:22,总共编辑了 1 次

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6 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 18:12 
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"restricted" component

"restricted"库

The restricted component is reserved for software that is very commonly used, and which is supported by the Ubuntu team even though it is not available under a completely free licence. Please note that it may not be possible to provide complete support for this software since we are unable to fix the software ourselves, but can only forward problem reports to the actual authors.

"restricted"库为经常使用的软件保留,并且被Ubuntu团队支持,哪怕没有基于完全自由的许可。请注意我们不能自行修订此软件,它可能不被提供全面的支持,仅能够把错误报告提交给原作者。

Some software from restricted will be installed on Ubuntu CDs but is clearly separated to ensure that it is easy to remove. We include this software because it is essential in order for Ubuntu to run on certain machines - typical examples are the binary drivers that some video card vendors publish, which are the only way for Ubuntu to run on those machines. By default, we will only use open source software unless there is simply no other way to install Ubuntu. The Ubuntu team works with such vendors to accelerate the open-sourcing of their software to ensure that as much software as possible is available under a Free licence.

一些来自restricted库的软件将通过Ubuntu CDs安装,但其被明确的区分,以确保其易于卸载。我们收录这些软件,因为这对Ubuntu运行在某些主机上是必不可少的-典型的例子是一些设备提供商发布的二进制显卡驱动 ,他们仅能通过这种方式运行在那些Ubuntu主机上。 通常,除非我们没有其他方式将其安装于Ubuntu,我们都将仅使用开源软件。Ubuntu团队将与这些设备提供商携手,加快这些开源软件的开发,确保尽可能多的软件基于自由软件许可。


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7 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 22:06 

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"multiverse" component
"multiverse" 组件

The "multiverse" component contains software that is "not free", which means the licensing requirements of this software do not meet the Ubuntu "main" Component Licence Policy.
“multiverse"组件包括”非自由(免费)"软件,这就意味着这些软件的许可要求不符合Ubuntu“main”组件许可政策。

The onus is on you to verify your rights to use this software and comply with the licensing terms of the copyright holder.
你必须确保你有使用这些软件的权力,而且服从“copyright” 文件中的许可条款。

This software is not supported and usually cannot be fixed or updated. Use it at your own risk.
这些软件得不到支持(Ubuntu不支持),而且通常不会被固定或者升级。自己承担使用风险。

欢迎改正 :em02


_________________
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8 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-18 22:22 
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很受LS启发啊 学习了

抛砖引玉吧 有可取的地方 拿走 :em11


最后由 Capt. 编辑于 2009-10-19 17:09,总共编辑了 1 次

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9 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-19 16:22 
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正在翻译,估计晚上应该可以完成 :em11


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10 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-19 18:31 
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The Ubuntu software repository is divided into four components - main, restricted, universe and multiverse - on the basis of our ability to support that software, and whether or not it meets the goals laid out in our Free Software Philosophy.
Ubuntu软件仓库被分为四个部分:main(主要的), restricted(受限的), universe(广泛的) and multiverse(多元的),这主要根据我们对软件的支持能力,以及软件的目的是否符合我们的自由软件哲学。

The standard Ubuntu installation is a subset of software available from the main and restricted components. You can install additional software using installation software such as Synaptic Package Manager or Aptitude. Other components are added by editing the /etc/apt/sources.list file. See "man sources.list" for more information on editing the sources.list file.
标准的Ubuntu安装是所有能从main(主要的)和restricted(受限的)软件库中获得的软件的一个子集,你可以用诸如Synaptic Package Manager或者Aptitude之类的软件安装程序来安装额外的软件,其他的软件仓库可以通过修改/etc/apt/sources.list文件来添加,请查看“man sources.list”来获得更多关于编辑sources.list文件的信息。

"main" component
“main(主要的)”软件库

The main distribution component contains applications that are free software, can freely be redistributed and are fully supported by the Ubuntu team. This includes the most popular and most reliable open source applications available, much of which is installed by default when you install Ubuntu.
Main部分的软件仓库包含了自由软件,这些软件可以被自由地重新分发,并且被Ubuntu团队完全支持。这主要包括目前可以得到的最流行的和最可靠的开源程序,它们中的大多数会在安装Ubuntu时候默认被安装。

Software in main includes a hand-selected list of applications that the Ubuntu developers, community, and users feel are important and that the Ubuntu security and distribution team are willing to support. When you install software from the main component you are assured that the software will come with security updates and technical support.
在main软件库中的软件包括可以手动选择的程序,Ubuntu开发人员、社区和用户都觉得这些程序重要,并且Ubuntu安全和发行团队乐意支持这些程序。当你从main软件库中安装软件时,你可以放心,这些软件都会得到安全升级和技术支持。

We believe that the software in main includes everything most people will need for a fully functional desktop or internet server running only open source software.
我们相信,在main中的软件包括了所有大多数人需要的软件,来用于一个全功能的桌面环境或者只运行开源软件的网络服务器。

The licences for software applications in main must be free, but main may also may contain binary firmware and selected fonts that cannot be modified without permission from their authors. In all cases redistribution is unencumbered.
Main中软件程序的许可证都必须是自由的,但是main中也可以包含一些二进制固件和选定的字体,要修改它们必须获得作者的同意。在任何情况下,重新分发都是不受妨碍的。

"restricted" component
“restricted(受限的)”软件库

The restricted component is reserved for software that is very commonly used, and which is supported by the Ubuntu team even though it is not available under a completely free licence. Please note that it may not be possible to provide complete support for this software since we are unable to fix the software ourselves, but can only forward problem reports to the actual authors.
我们保留了受限软件库是因为有些常用软件虽然没有一个完全的自由软件许可证,但是Ubuntu团队仍然支持它们。请注意,我们无法为这些软件提供完全支持,因为我们不可以自行修改它们,而只能向软件的真正作者提交问题报告。

Some software from restricted will be installed on Ubuntu CDs but is clearly separated to ensure that it is easy to remove. We include this software because it is essential in order for Ubuntu to run on certain machines - typical examples are the binary drivers that some video card vendors publish, which are the only way for Ubuntu to run on those machines. By default, we will only use open source software unless there is simply no other way to install Ubuntu. The Ubuntu team works with such vendors to accelerate the open-sourcing of their software to ensure that as much software as possible is available under a Free licence.
受限仓库中的有些软件会被安装在Ubuntu CD里,但是被很清楚地分隔开来以保证可以很轻松地删除它们。我们包括进了这些软件是因为,如果要让Ubuntu在某些机器上运行,它们是必需的。典型的例子是,一些显卡制造商发行的二进制驱动是Ubuntu在这些机器上运行的唯一方法。默认情况下,我们只使用开源软件,除非根本没有其他方法来安装Ubuntu了。Ubuntu团队努力促使这些制造商加速这些软件的开源,以保证尽可能多的软件可以在自由软件许可证下使用。

"universe" component
“universe(广泛的)”软件库

The universe component is a snapshot of the free, open source, and Linux world. In universe you can find almost every piece of open source software, and software available under a variety of less open licences, all built automatically from a variety of public sources. The basic toolchain and system libraries from main are still used to build this software and it is normally maintained in step with them, so it should install and work well with the software in main, but it comes with no guarantee of security fixes and support. The universe component includes thousands of pieces of software. Through universe, users are able to have the diversity and flexibility offered by the vast open source world on top of a stable Ubuntu core.
Universe软件库是自由、开源软件和Linux世界的一个快照。在universe中你几乎可以找到每一种开源软件,以及可以在各种不太开放的许可证下使用的软件,它们都是在各种开放代码的基础上自动建造的。来自main的基础工具链和系统库被用来开发这些软件并且通常是和它们同步维护,所以这些软件应该可以很好地和main中的软件一起安装和运行,但是它们得不到安全补丁和支持。Universe软件库中包含了上千种软件,通过他们,用户可以在稳定的Ubuntu内核之上获得由广阔的开源世界提供的多样性和可制定性。

Canonical does not provide a guarantee of regular security updates for software found in universe but will provide these where they are made available by the community. Users should understand the risk inherent in using packages from the universe component.
Canonical公司不保证为universe软件库中的软件提供定期的安全升级,但是社区会提供这些升级。用户需要知道使用universe中的软件包所固有的风险。

Popular or well supported pieces of software will move from universe into main if they are backed by maintainers willing to meet the standards set for main by the Ubuntu team.
流行的或者支持良好的软件将会从universe移动到main中,如果维护者愿意支持并使之符合Ubuntu团队为main制定的一系列标准。

"multiverse" component
“multiverse(多元的)”软件库

The "multiverse" component contains software that is "not free", which means the licensing requirements of this software do not meet the Ubuntu "main" Component Licence Policy.
Multiverse软件库包含着“非自由”的软件,这意味着那些软件的许可证要求不符合Ubuntu “main”软件库的许可证政策。

The onus is on you to verify your rights to use this software and comply with the licensing terms of the copyright holder.
请您自行检查您使用这些软件的权利并遵守版权持有人所制定的许可证条款。

This software is not supported and usually cannot be fixed or updated. Use it at your own risk.
这些软件不被支持并且通常不能被修改或升级,使用它们须自行承担风险。


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11 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: [翻译]components
帖子发表于 : 2009-10-20 10:11 

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my god ,so great dead of words


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