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 文章标题 : 管理法则
帖子发表于 : 2005-04-18 21:50 
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Ubuntu is an African concept of "humanity towards others". It's "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity". The same ideas are central to the way the Ubuntu community collaborates. Members of the Ubuntu community need to work together effectively, and this code of conduct lays down the "ground rules" for our cooperation.
Introduction

Desmond Tutu described ubuntu in the following way:

"A person with ubuntu is open and available to others, affirming of others, does not feel threatened that others are able and good, for he or she has a proper self-assurance that comes from knowing that he or she belongs in a greater whole."
-- Archbishop Desmond Tutu, in No Future Without Forgiveness

We chose the name Ubuntu for this distribution because we think it captures perfectly the spirit of sharing and cooperation that is at the heart of the open source movement. In the Free Software world, we collaborate freely on a volunteer basis to build software for everyone's benefit. We improve on the work of others, which we have been given freely, and then share our improvements on the same basis.

That collaboration depends on good relationships between developers. To this end, we've agreed on the following code of conduct to help define the ways that we think collaboration and cooperation should work.
Ubuntu Code of Conduct

This Code of Conduct covers your behaviour as a member of the Ubuntu Community, in any forum, mailing list, wiki, web site, IRC channel, install-fest, public meeting or private correspondence. The Ubuntu Community Council will arbitrate in any dispute over the conduct of a member of the community.

Be considerate. Your work will be used by other people, and you in turn will depend on the work of others. Any decision you take will affect users and colleagues, and we expect you to take those consequences into account when making decisions. For example, when we are in a feature freeze, please don't upload dramatically new versions of critical system software, as other people will be testing the frozen system and not be expecting big changes.

Be respectful. The Ubuntu community and its members treat one another with respect. Everyone can make a valuable contribution to Ubuntu. We may not always agree, but disagreement is no excuse for poor behaviour and poor manners. We might all experience some frustration now and then, but we cannot allow that frustration to turn into a personal attack. It's important to remember that a community where people feel uncomfortable or threatened is not a productive one. We expect members of the Ubuntu community to be respectful when dealing with other contributors as well as with people outside the Ubuntu project, and with users of Ubuntu.

Be collaborative. Ubuntu and Free Software are about collaboration and working together. Collaboration reduces redundancy of work done in the Free Software world, and improves the quality of the software produced. You should aim to collaborate with other Ubuntu maintainers, as well as with the upstream community that is interested in the work you do. Your work should be done transparently and patches from Ubuntu should be given back to the community when they are made, not just when the distribution releases. If you wish to work on new code for existing upstream projects, at least keep those projects informed of your ideas and progress. It may not be possible to get consensus from upstream or even from your colleagues about the correct implementation of an idea, so don't feel obliged to have that agreement before you begin, but at least keep the outside world informed of your work, and publish your work in a way that allows outsiders to test, discuss and contribute to your efforts.

When you disagree, consult others. Disagreements, both political and technical, happen all the time and the Ubuntu community is no exception. The important goal is not to avoid disagreements or differing views but to resolve them constructively. You should turn to the community and to the community process to seek advice and to resolve disagreements. We have the Technical Board and the Community Council, both of which will help to decide the right course for Ubuntu. There are also several Project Teams and Team Leaders, who may be able to help you figure out which direction will be most acceptable. If you really want to go a different way, then we encourage you to make a derivative distribution or alternative set of packages available using the Ubuntu Package Management framework, so that the community can try out your changes and ideas for itself and contribute to the discussion.

When you are unsure, ask for help. Nobody knows everything, and nobody is expected to be perfect in the Ubuntu community (except of course the SABDFL). Asking questions avoids many problems down the road, and so questions are encouraged. Those who are asked should be responsive and helpful. However, when asking a question, care must be taken to do so in an appropriate forum. Off-topic questions, such as requests for help on a development mailing list, detract from productive discussion.

Step down considerately. Developers on every project come and go and Ubuntu is no different. When you leave or disengage from the project, in whole or in part, we ask that you do so in a way that minimises disruption to the project. This means you should tell people you are leaving and take the proper steps to ensure that others can pick up where you leave off.

Mailing Lists and Web Forums

Mailing lists and web forums are an important part of the Ubuntu community platform. This code of conduct applies very much to your behaviour in those forums too. Please follow these guidelines in addition to the general code of conduct:

1. Please use a valid email address to which direct responses can be made.
2. Please avoid flamewars, trolling, personal attacks, and repetitive arguments. On technical matters, the Technical Review Board can make a final decision. On matters of community governance, the Community Council can make a final decision.


_________________
当净其意如虚空,远离妄想及诸取,令心所向皆无碍


最后由 oneleaf 编辑于 2005-04-25 22:21,总共编辑了 1 次

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 文章标题 : 管理法则
帖子发表于 : 2005-04-22 23:21 
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Ubuntu is an African concept of "humanity towards others". It's "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity". The same ideas are central to the way the Ubuntu community collaborates. Members of the Ubuntu community need to work together effectively, and this code of conduct lays down the "ground rules" for our cooperation.
Ubuntu是一个非洲概念,意思是“与他人分享”,它是一种“与全世界分享,与全人类相连的信念”。 同样这也是Ubuntu社区合作的核心,Ubuntu社区成员需要在一起有效的合作,因此这个管理法则就是我们赖以合作的基本法则。

Introduction
介绍

Desmond Tutu described ubuntu in the following way:
Desmond Tutu是这样描述Ubuntu的:

"A person with ubuntu is open and available to others, affirming of others, does not feel threatened that others are able and good, for he or she has a proper self-assurance that comes from knowing that he or she belongs in a greater whole."
“Ubuntu人对他人是开放和有用的,是受人肯定的。不会因为他人是有能力和好的而觉得受到了威胁,他或她非常自信因为他们知道他们属于一个更伟大的团队。”
-- Archbishop Desmond Tutu, in No Future Without Forgiveness

We chose the name Ubuntu for this distribution because we think it captures perfectly the spirit of sharing and cooperation that is at the heart of the open source movement. In the Free Software world, we collaborate freely on a volunteer basis to build software for everyone's benefit. We improve on the work of others, which we have been given freely, and then share our improvements on the same basis.
我们之所以把这个发行版取名为Ubuntu,就是因为我们认为它十分完美的表达了开源运动的核心思想“共享与协作精神”。在自由软件世界里,我们在自愿的基础上自由合作为了大家的利益来编制软件。我们在他人的基础上改进那些可以自由获取的软件,并在相同的基础分享我们的改进。

That collaboration depends on good relationships between developers. To this end, we've agreed on the following code of conduct to help define the ways that we think collaboration and cooperation should work.
合作有赖于开发者之间良好的合作关系。为此,我们就下面的管理条例达成一致,以便帮助确定我们进行良好合作的协同方式。

Ubuntu Code of Conduct
Ubuntu管理法则

This Code of Conduct covers your behaviour as a member of the Ubuntu Community, in any forum, mailing list, wiki, web site, IRC channel, install-fest, public meeting or private correspondence. The Ubuntu Community Council will arbitrate in any dispute over the conduct of a member of the community.
该管理法则包括了作为Ubuntu社区成员在论坛、邮件列表、Wiki、网站、IRC频道、Install-fest、公共会面及私下合作的行为举止。任何社区成员之间的纠纷都将交由Ubuntu社区委员会进行仲裁。

Be considerate. Your work will be used by other people, and you in turn will depend on the work of others. Any decision you take will affect users and colleagues, and we expect you to take those consequences into account when making decisions. For example, when we are in a feature freeze, please don't upload dramatically new versions of critical system software, as other people will be testing the frozen system and not be expecting big changes.
谨慎:你的工作可能会被他人使用,反过来你也将依赖他人的工作。你做的任何决定都将影响你的用户和合作者,我们期望你在做决定时对其后果加以考虑。举个例子,当我们处理冻结状态时,请不要突然上传那些危险的系统软件新版本,因为其他将测试被冻结系统的人并不希望有大的变化。

Be respectful. The Ubuntu community and its members treat one another with respect. Everyone can make a valuable contribution to Ubuntu. We may not always agree, but disagreement is no excuse for poor behaviour and poor manners. We might all experience some frustration now and then, but we cannot allow that frustration to turn into a personal attack. It's important to remember that a community where people feel uncomfortable or threatened is not a productive one. We expect members of the Ubuntu community to be respectful when dealing with other contributors as well as with people outside the Ubuntu project, and with users of Ubuntu.
尊重:Ubuntu社区及其成员相互之间彼此尊重。每个人都能为Ubuntu贡献自己的力量。我们也许不会总是意见一致,但意见不合不能导致粗俗的举止和态度。有时我们所有的人都可能经历一些挫折,但我们不允许将挫折转变成个人攻击。一个让身处其间的人感到不舒服或受到伤害的社区并不是有用的,请牢记这一点。我们期望Ubuntu社区成员不仅能够尊重社区的其他贡献者,而且还能够尊重Ubuntu项目以外的人和Ubuntu用户。

Be collaborative. Ubuntu and Free Software are about collaboration and working together. Collaboration reduces redundancy of work done in the Free Software world, and improves the quality of the software produced. You should aim to collaborate with other Ubuntu maintainers, as well as with the upstream community that is interested in the work you do. Your work should be done transparently and patches from Ubuntu should be given back to the community when they are made, not just when the distribution releases. If you wish to work on new code for existing upstream projects, at least keep those projects informed of your ideas and progress. It may not be possible to get consensus from upstream or even from your colleagues about the correct implementation of an idea, so don't feel obliged to have that agreement before you begin, but at least keep the outside world informed of your work, and publish your work in a way that allows outsiders to test, discuss and contribute to your efforts.
合作:Ubuntu和自由软件几乎都是协同合作完成的。在自由软件世界里合作减少重复劳动,并提高了软件编制的质量。你应该打算不仅同其他Ubuntu维护者协同合作,而且要让上游社区对你的工作感兴趣。你的工作开展应该是透明的,并且当为Ubuntu制成补丁时就反馈给社区而不是在版本发布时。如果你设法说服已有上游项目应用新代码时,请至少保留你的思路及相应处理这些项目信息。一个适当想法的实施也许不能够得到上游社区甚至是你合作者的赞同,因此在你开始之前请不要觉得已经被赞同了。但你至少要保留你工作的外部信息,并发布你的成果以便外部测试、讨论和有助于你的成果。

When you disagree, consult others. Disagreements, both political and technical, happen all the time and the Ubuntu community is no exception. The important goal is not to avoid disagreements or differing views but to resolve them constructively. You should turn to the community and to the community process to seek advice and to resolve disagreements. We have the Technical Board and the Community Council, both of which will help to decide the right course for Ubuntu. There are also several Project Teams and Team Leaders, who may be able to help you figure out which direction will be most acceptable. If you really want to go a different way, then we encourage you to make a derivative distribution or alternative set of packages available using the Ubuntu Package Management framework, so that the community can try out your changes and ideas for itself and contribute to the discussion.
当你不被赞成时,同其他人商讨。意见不一,来自政治和技术两方面,始终会发生的,Ubuntu社区也不例外。重要的不是去如何避免意见和看法不一,而是要建设性地解决它。你应该求助于社区及其流程以收集建议解决争议。我们有技术公告栏和委员会,它们都能帮助它决定怎样对Ubuntu来说是正确的。那里也有一些项目组及项目领头人,他们也许可以帮助你指出哪种方式能被大多数所接收。如果你真的想用另一方式实施,那么我们鼓励你制作一个派生发布或能使用Ubuntu包管理架构的替代包集,以便社区能试用你的改变和思路,以便有助于讨论。

When you are unsure, ask for help. Nobody knows everything, and nobody is expected to be perfect in the Ubuntu community (except of course the SABDFL). Asking questions avoids many problems down the road, and so questions are encouraged. Those who are asked should be responsive and helpful. However, when asking a question, care must be taken to do so in an appropriate forum. Off-topic questions, such as requests for help on a development mailing list, detract from productive discussion.
当你不确定时,请寻求帮助。在Ubuntu社区里没有人能知道所有的事,也没有人被认为是完美的(course the SABDFL除外)。问问题不要许多问题一路问下来,问问题本身是被鼓励的。那些被问的人应该积极响应并给予帮助。仍然,当问问题时,注意必须将问题发至相应的论坛。Off-topic questions,例如在开发者邮件列表中寻求帮助,贬低有价值的讨论。

Step down considerately. Developers on every project come and go and Ubuntu is no different. When you leave or disengage from the project, in whole or in part, we ask that you do so in a way that minimises disruption to the project. This means you should tell people you are leaving and take the proper steps to ensure that others can pick up where you leave off.
考虑周到的离开。每个项目的开发者来来去去,Ubuntu也不例外。当你整体或局部地脱离一个项目时,我们要求你使该项目保持最小程度的中断。这就意味着你要告诉大家要正准备离开,并采取相关步骤使得其他人在你离开后可以接手你的工作。

Mailing Lists and Web Forums
邮件列表和网页论坛

Mailing lists and web forums are an important part of the Ubuntu community platform. This code of conduct applies very much to your behaviour in those forums too. Please follow these guidelines in addition to the general code of conduct:
邮件列表和网页论坛是Ubuntu社区平台的一个重要组成部分。本管理法则对你在论坛上的行为也是适用的。除通用管理法则之外请遵循以下几点:

1. Please use a valid email address to which direct responses can be made.
1. 请使用有效的EMAIL地址以便可以直接回复。

2. Please avoid flamewars, trolling, personal attacks, and repetitive arguments. On technical matters, the Technical Review Board can make a final decision. On matters of community governance, the Community Council can make a final decision.
2. 请不要进行论战,trolling,人身攻击和反复争执。在技术层面上,技术评论委员会(Technical Review Board)能够做最终的裁决。在社区管理层面上,社区委员会将做出最终裁定。


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帖子发表于 : 2005-04-25 22:21 
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