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 文章标题 : Breezy Upgrade Notes [Important]
帖子发表于 : 2005-10-16 9:16 

注册: 2005-05-31 9:42
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https://wiki.ubuntu.com/BreezyUpgradeNotes

Pre-Upgrade

1.Resolve any conflicting packages. Conflicting packages could possibly stop the upgrade, even at a very inconvenient stage. For a common example, if you have the packages mozilla-firefox and firefox installed, you should perform the following:

sudo apt-get remove firefox mozilla-firefox
sudo apt-get install mozilla-firefox

2.It is recommended that you have the "ubuntu-desktop", "kubuntu-desktop", or "edubuntu-desktop" metapackage (depending on which distribution you're running exactly) in order to ensure that you have the full set of default packages. Note that without these metapackages it is much more likely that you will encounter problems during the upgrade. Ed/k/ubuntu relies on the respective package to perform the successful upgrade.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-base ubuntu-desktop

To Upgrade
With Breezy CD and Synaptic

1.Open up Synaptic Package Manager
2.Click on "Edit/Add CD-ROM"
3.Click on "Mark All Upgrades"
4.Click on "Apply"
5.See the additional notes below
6.Note that you need to add the cdrom again with Synaptic "Edit/Add CD-ROM" after the first reboot,this is needed because of new package authentication feature

Through Synaptic Package Manager

1.Open up Synaptic Package Manager
2.Change your repositories to look for Breezy
*

From

URI: http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/
Distribution: hoary
Sections: main restricted

To

URI: http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/
Distribution: breezy
Sections: main restricted

3.Click on "Reload"
4.Click on "Mark All Upgrades"
5.Click on "Apply"

Apt-Get

1.Open up a terminal
2.sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
3.Replace with the following:

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'universe'
## repository.
## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security
## team.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe

1.sudo apt-get update
2.sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Note: if you're not going to compile Ubuntu packages yourself, you may comment out the lines beginning with deb-src. If you don't know what that means, this applies to you. :) Comment out a line by adding at least one # character at the beginning of the line, as in the example above. Typically, two #'s are used for a textual comment, and one # is used to disable a source.
Post-Upgrade

1.If not running NFS as either client or server, remove portmap, as it's no longer needed:

sudo apt-get --purge remove portmap

2.If you are without some localisations, you may find that it is necessary to install language-pack-xx, language-pack-xx-base and language-support-xx (where xx = your language code).
3.Start "update-notifier" and save your gnome-session if you want update notification automatically
4.Check your /etc/X11/xorg.conf settings
*

If you have manually edited your /etc/X11/xorg.conf file, check for these lines:

FontPath "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc"


The location of the fonts have changed, change all occurences of that into

FontPath "/usr/share/X11/fonts/misc"


Do this for all the other lines as well, but be sure to keep the ending of the lines the same! so a line ending with 100dpi/:unscaled should still end with that, only change the 'lib' to 'share' in the configuration file
5.Reboot in order to effect all changes (XFree86 to X.org, kernel upgrade, etc.)

Mirror servers

The bandwidth of the main Ubuntu server is not infinite. If you have a very low transfer rate, it is advisable for you to use a mirror. You can find a list of mirrors at [WWW] https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Archive (this list hasn't been reviewed for a long time and some of these servers may be down). It was made for warty, but notice that these servers are regularly synced with the main server, so you will find breezy packages there as well. Try to find a server which is located somewhere in your country or somewhere close to you.

You will probably ask how to use a mirror instead of the main Ubuntu repository. It's quite simple. First find a server suitable for you (e.g.choose one from here [WWW] https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Archive). I will use a German mirror as an example - [WWW] http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/.

1.Open up a terminal
2.sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
3.and now modify the address of the server. if you used the default settings shown above you will see

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted

*

just change it to

deb http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/ breezy main universe multiverse restricted
deb-src http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/ breezy main universe multiverse restricted

1.sudo apt-get update
2.and you're ready to go

Comments
Comments for this upgrade

1.NDISWrapper would not load as a kernel module after my upgrade. I kept getting the error: FATAL: Error inserting ndiswrapper (/lib/modules/2.6.12-9-686-smp/kernel/drivers/net/ndiswrapper/ndiswrapper.ko): Operation not permitted. To get NDISWrapper to work correctly, I had to do the following:

1. Uninstall the current driver. Use ''ndiswrapper -l'' to get the name of the loaded driver,
then ''ndiswrapper -e NAME'' to remove the currently installed driver.
2. Reinstall the driver with the comment ''ndiswrapper -i DRIVER.inf'' using your windows driver.
3. You should now be able to ''modprobe ndiswrapper'' successfully.

My upgrade has completely killed X, probably because of the nvidia drivers I had installed.

*

Details, please.

adam mcgreggor, 20051015 if it's anything like my borkenness (also with a Nvida gpu), gdm will Just Not Launch, even after

dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg

In my case, X fails to load, throwing up a generic 'probably malconfigured' notice, and then hanging, leaving me to

kill

the {g|x}dm process. Any hints welcomed... [if my lspci output & xorg.conf would be useful, that can be done]

If you're upgrading using Synaptic and your upgrade seems to have paused at the "Installing software" stage, click ">Terminal" to uncollapse the terminal subwindow and check it's not stopped waiting for user input! Mine was asking if I wanted to restart services after an nsswitch upgrade.

No information is given about how to find out what the list of conflicting packages is, or even what a conflicting package is.

The upgrade is typically of the order of 500+ MB, with OpenOffice.org alone weighing in at ~150 MB. So, dial-up users may want to keep this in mind, possibly using the -d instruction to apt-get in order to spread the download over several dial-up sessions. sudo apt-get -d dist-upgrade will only download until it gets everything or is interrupted by the user, and will resume where it left of if run again later. Then you can start the actual upgrade when you have time to answer any questions (which will happen either at the beginning or the end, typically), using the same command without the -d, as mentioned earlier in the article.

[WWW] http://slashdot.org/comments.pl?sid=165161&cid=13787416
Comments copied from the HoaryUpgrade

1.Only problem I ran into was I needed to reconfigure X which was solved with a sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg
2.If using the fglrx-driver package in Hoary, install xorg-driver-fglrx in Breezy
3.Some systems may require extra action to create /dev/cdrom symlinks on boot if desired:

cd /etc/udev/rules.d
sudo ln -s ../cd-aliases.rules

*

See [WWW] https://bugzilla.ubuntu.com/show_bug.cgi?id=7789#c3
4.For all ATI video card users, make sure to get the xorg ATI driver before restart. You can obtain that by "sudo apt-get install xorg-driver-fglrx"

(2005-10-15 20:18:36由AdamMcgreggor编辑)


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 文章标题 :
帖子发表于 : 2005-10-16 9:29 
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注册: 2005-04-10 16:54
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地址: 温州大学
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好东东,正好可以帮助那些需要从Hoary升级到Breezy的人,兄弟辛苦了!!


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帖子发表于 : 2005-10-16 19:51 
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移到翻譯區。


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帖子发表于 : 2005-10-16 22:27 
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认领。


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帖子发表于 : 2005-10-16 23:52 
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https://wiki.ubuntu.com/BreezyUpgradeNotes

升级之前

1.解决冲突的包。冲突的包有可能使升级中途停止,甚至陷入困境。
常见的,如果装了mozilla-firefox 的 firefox包,就要如下操作:

sudo apt-get remove firefox mozilla-firefox
sudo apt-get install mozilla-firefox

2.建议安装"ubuntu-desktop", "kubuntu-desktop"或是 "edubuntu-desktop" 元包(就看你用哪个桌面了),可以保证安装上所有完整的默认包。注意,如果没有这些元包就容易在升级中出现问题。Ed/k/ubuntu系统分别有赖于这几个包来成功升级。

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-base ubuntu-desktop

用Breezy CD和新立得软件包管理器升级

1.打开新立得软件包管理器
2.点"编辑->添加CD-ROM"
3.点"标记全部可能的升级"
4.点 "实施标记的变更"
5.看后面的问题
6.注意,在完成升级重起后打开新立得软件包管理器还要 "编辑->添加CD-ROM",因为有新的包认证功能。

从新立得软件包管理器

1.打开新立得软件包管理器
2.在软件库中找Breezy *

URI:http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/
Distribution:hoary
Sections:main restricted
改成
URI:http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/
Distribution:breezy
Sections:main restricted

3.点 "刷新"
4.点"标记全部可能的升级"
5.点 "实施"

Apt-Get

1.打开终端
2.sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
3.替换为:

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the ## distribution.deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'universe' ## repository.## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu ## team, and may not be under a free licence.Please satisfy yourself as to ## your rights to use the software.Also, please note that software in ## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security ## team.deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe

1.sudo apt-get update
2.sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

注意:如果你不想自己编译Ubuntu包,可以把有deb-src的句子注掉。不明白的就往下读。在那行前加#就行了。一般两个#用于文字信息,一个用来停掉一个库升级以后

1.如果不用NFS作服务器或客户端,就把portmap删除:

sudo apt-get --purge remove portmap

2.如果少了几个语言,可能要装language-pack-xx,language-pack-xx-base和language-support-xx(xx = 你想要的语言代码)。
3.如果想要自动的升级提醒,打开"update-notifier",保存你的gnome会话
4.看一下/etc/X11/xorg.conf settings *
如果曾经动手修改过/etc/X11/xorg.conf,查找一下:
FontPath "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc"
因为字体的位置变过了,应改为
FontPath "/usr/share/X11/fonts/misc"
把类似的都要改过来,不过不要把最后的字也改了!以100dpi/结尾的行,还应以100dpi/结尾
5.重启一下,让改动生效(XFree86 到X.org,内核升级等)。

镜像
Ubuntu主站带宽有限。如果你的传输太慢,最好还是用镜像站点。镜像列表在: [WWW] https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Archive (这个表好久没更新过了,可能有的已经当了)。(还是用我们的吧!)这个站是给warty的,不过有定期同步,所以也有breezy包。还是找离你近的站点吧!

用镜像站的办法非常简单。找到合适的站点(如[WWW] https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Archive)。以本站为例:
1.打开终端
2.sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
3.改服务器地址。默认的是
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted
改成
deb http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/ breezy main universe multiverse restricted deb-src http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/ breezy main universe multiverse restricted
4.sudo apt-get update
5.完工


一些反馈
我升级完NDISWrapper无法作为内核模块装载,报错:
error:FATAL:Error inserting ndiswrapper (/lib/modules/2.6.12-9-686-smp/kernel/drivers/net/ndiswrapper/ndiswrapper.ko):Operation not permitted.
要让NDISWrapper工作就要:
1. 卸载当前的驱动。用''ndiswrapper -l''找出装上的驱动名,再''ndiswrapper -e NAME''卸载驱动。
2. 重新安装win驱动''ndiswrapper -i DRIVER.inf''
3. 然后就应当能成功''modprobe ndiswrapper''了。

我升级把X谋杀了,可能是nvidia驱动的原因。
细节:

………………


最后由 max0000 编辑于 2005-10-18 19:05,总共编辑了 2 次

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帖子发表于 : 2005-10-16 23:52 
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下边的还是接力吧!


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帖子发表于 : 2005-10-17 0:03 

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现在才说,晚了。 :oops: :oops:


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 文章标题 : 补完。
帖子发表于 : 2005-10-17 22:52 
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细节:

gdm不能启动,在
dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg
以后也一样。

我的是不能进X,说是“配置有误”,然后就挂起,只能
kill{g|x}dm进程。给点提示吧!

如果你用新立得软件包管理器升级,在“安装软件”时出现长时间停顿,可以把下面的"终端"打开,看看系统是不是正在等着你的键盘输入!我当时就是在问要不要在升级后重启一下服务。

这里没有给出如何找出哪些软件包相互冲突,甚至没讲什么样的包是冲突的包。

升级的过程往往需要500MB以上的空间,单单OpenOffice.org就占约150 MB。所以,拨号用户要记得给apt-get加上-d参数,好把下载分配到几次拨号中去。sudo apt-get -d dist-upgrade会在下载完后停下来,也可以在用户中止后,下一次运行时接着下载。你就可以在有时间回答问题的时候用没有-d参数的命令来进行升级。

从HoaryUpgrade转的文字

1.我只碰到要重新配置X的问题,在sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg后顺利解决
2.如果在Hoary用了fglrx-driver包,在Breezy要用xorg-driver-fglrx包
3有的系统可能需要在启动时建立/dev/cdrom 的符号链接:
cd /etc/udev/rules.d
sudo ln -s ../cd-aliases.rules
*
参见:https://bugzilla.ubuntu.com/show_bug.cgi?id=7789#c3
4.所有ATI卡用户要保证在重启前装上xorg ATI驱动。
sudo apt-get install xorg-driver-fglrx


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帖子发表于 : 2005-10-17 23:02 
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好帖子。什么时候整理好了,先置顶吧。


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帖子发表于 : 2005-10-21 20:18 
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Based on max0000's work
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/BreezyUpgradeNotes

升级之前

1.处理掉所有相冲突的包。相冲突的包可能终止升级过程,甚至陷入困境。解决冲突的包。冲突的包有可能使升级中途停止,甚至陷入困境。 举个常见的例子,如果你安装了mozilla-firefox和firefox两个包,那么你应该先执行如下步骤:

sudo apt-get remove firefox mozilla-firefox
sudo apt-get install mozilla-firefox

2.为了确保你能安装上所有完整的默认包,建议先安装(根据你使用的发行版类型)"ubuntu-desktop", "kubuntu-desktop"或是 "edubuntu-desktop" 元包。注意,如果缺少这些元包,升级过程中就很容易出现问题。Ed/k/ubuntu系统分别依赖这个对应包才能成功实现升级。

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-base ubuntu-desktop

进行升级

使用Breezy CD和新立得软件包管理器

1.打开新立得软件包管理器
2.点"编辑->添加CD-ROM"
3.点"标记全部软件包以便升级"(注:工具提示"标记全部可能的升级")
4.点"应用"(注:工具提示"实施全部标记的变更")
5.参看后面的附注
6.注意,在完成第一次系统重启后,仍需通过新立得软件包管理器"编辑->添加CD-ROM"添加cdrom,因为有新的包认证功能需要用到cdrom。

通过新立得软件包管理器

1.打开新立得软件包管理器
2.为能找到Breezy,把软件仓库

URI:http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/
Distribution:hoary
Sections:main restricted
改为
URI:http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/
Distribution:breezy
Sections:main restricted
3.点"刷新"
4.点"标记全部软件包以便升级"(注:工具提示"标记全部可能的升级")
5.点"应用"(注:工具提示"实施全部标记的变更")

Apt-Get

1.打开终端
2.输入sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list (注:编辑源)
3.把原内容替换为:

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'universe'
## repository.
## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team, and may not be under a free licence.Please satisfy yourself as to
## your rights to use the software.Also, please note that software in
## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security
## team.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe

1.sudo apt-get update
2.sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

注:如果你不打算自己编译Ubuntu包,可以把deb-src开头的行注释掉。如果你不明白其含义,那么只管注释掉就行。只需在一行的开头加上至少一个#字符就行,可参看上述示例。一般而言,两个#用于文本说明的注释,而单个#用来禁止一个源。

安装之后

1.如果不用NFS作为服务器或客户端,就把portmap删除,因为不需要它:

sudo apt-get --purge remove portmap

2.如果你的系统有些部分仍未实现本地化,你会发现可能需要安装如下几个包language-pack-xx,language-pack-xx-base和language-support-xx(xx = 你想要的语言代码)。
3.如果需要自动升级提醒,可以启动"update-notifier",并保存你的gnome会话
4.检查你的/etc/X11/xorg.conf配置:

如果你曾经手动修改过/etc/X11/xorg.conf,查找如下类似行:
FontPath "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc"
由于字体的位置已经变动,需要把上述行改为
FontPath "/usr/share/X11/fonts/misc"
其它类似的行都要改过来,不过要保证行的结尾部分不变!即以100dpi/:unscaled结尾的行还是要100dpi/:unscaled结尾,只需把配置文件里的"lib"改为"share"(注:因为字体文件都已移至/usr/share/X11/fonts目录)。
5.重启系统以便所有改动都能生效(XFree86升级为X.org,内核升级等)。

镜像服务器

Ubuntu主站服务器的带宽有限。如果你连接时传输速度很慢,建议使用镜像站点。页面 [WWW] https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Archive有个镜像站点列表(这个列表已许久未加审核,因此有些服务器可能已经失效)。这个列表是为warty版本建立的,不过由于这些服务器定期和主站服务器进行同步,因此你也能找到breezy包(注:可以使用本站提供的源,oneleaf添加一下链接吧:))。尽量找一个国内国或离你很近的服务。

你或许会问,那么如何使用镜像站点来替代主站Ubuntu软件仓库。其实很简单,首先找个适合你的服务器(比如,从[WWW] https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Archive选择一个)。下面我以一个德国镜像站点作为示例[WWW] http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/.

1.打开终端
2.sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
3.现在修改服务器的地址。如果你使用了上述默认设置,会看到:
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main universe multiverse restricted
只需改成(注:oneleaf 麻烦添加一下本站的源作为示例)
deb http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/ breezy main universe multiverse restricted
deb-src http://debian.charite.de/ubuntu/ breezy main universe multiverse restricted
4.sudo apt-get update
5.接着重复上面提到过的步骤

一些反馈

这次升级的反馈

1. 我升级后NDISWrapper无法作为内核模块装载,而是不断收到如下错误:
FATAL:Error inserting ndiswrapper (/lib/modules/2.6.12-9-686-smp/kernel/drivers/net/ndiswrapper/ndiswrapper.ko):Operation not permitted.
(注:致命错误:插入ndiswrapper(/lib/modules/2.6.12-9-686-smp/kernel/drivers/net/ndiswrapper/ndiswrapper.ko)时产生错误:不允许此操作。)
为使NDISWrapper能正确工作,我还进行了如下操作:
1. 卸载当前驱动。用''ndiswrapper -l''找出加载的驱动程序名称,然后用''ndiswrapper -e 驱动程序名称''卸载当前安装驱动。
2. 用你的windows驱动使用''ndiswrapper -i DRIVER.inf''重新安装驱动程序。
3. 这下你应该能够成功的''modprobe ndiswrapper''了。

我升级后,X彻底无法工作,可能是由于我安装了nvidia驱动。

* 请给出细节。
* adam mcgreggor, 20051015 - 出现类似我遇到的问题(可能还有Nvida gpu)时,gdm就是无法启动,即使执行如下命令依旧如此
dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg

我的情况是无法载入X,只给出一个泛泛的提示“配置有误”,然后就挂起,搞的我只能
kill
{g|x}dm进程。给点提示吧![如果我的lspci输出和xorg.conf有用,可以提供]

如果你用新立得软件包管理器升级,在“安装软件”阶段出现长时间停顿,可以单击">终端"展开终端子窗口,检查一下是不是由于等待用户输入才停止的!我的情况是询问我在完成nsswitch升级后是否重启服务。

这里没有给出如何找出哪些软件包相互冲突,甚至没讲什么样的包是冲突的包。

升级的过程往往需要500MB以上的空间,单单OpenOffice.org就占约150 MB。所以,拨号用户要记得给apt-get加上-d参数,好把下载分配到几次拨号中去。sudo apt-get -d dist-upgrade会在下载完后停下来,也可以在用户中止后,下一次运行时接着下载。你就可以在有时间回答问题的时候用没有-d参数的命令来进行升级。

从HoaryUpgrade转的反馈

1.我只碰到要重新配置X的问题,通过sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg可顺利解决
2.如果在Hoary用了fglrx-driver包,在Breezy要用xorg-driver-fglrx包
3.有的系统可能需要在启动时建立/dev/cdrom 的符号链接:
cd /etc/udev/rules.d
sudo ln -s ../cd-aliases.rules

参见:https://bugzilla.ubuntu.com/show_bug.cgi?id=7789#c3
4.所有ATI卡用户要确保在重启之前装上xorg ATI驱动。
sudo apt-get install xorg-driver-fglrx


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