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 文章标题 : 永中Office的一个简介
帖子发表于 : 2008-03-13 14:42 

注册: 2006-07-21 9:18
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编者按:尽管是04年的稿子,但是还是对永中的副总的回答很耿耿....


永中集成Office是非常有前途的Office软件,以Java语言编写,可以在Linux和Windows操作系统上运行,适用于Mac和 Solaris的版本正在研发中。EIOffice基本上是MS Office的克隆,但有一个变化——它提供了一个市场上任何Office软件都无可匹敌的功能——集成。但EIOffice也存在一些问题,以致不能被一些单位所接受。

  EIOffice是永中科技有限公司的产品。售价149美元,包括一年内免费升级和技术支持。每年付99美元可继续获得同样的升级和支持。你也可以以398美元的价格获得5年内免费升级和技术支持。提供不同的用户包装和企业的批量折扣。

  我在家里的电脑上对EIOffice进行了测试。电脑配置如下:Asus主板,AMD Athlon 1800 MHz处理器,普通的Nvidia GeForce FX显卡,Flatron L1720P LCD显示器, 三星ML1710镭射打印机。

好的、坏的、丑的 外国人眼中的中国软件
【2004-07-13】 【尼古拉斯-皮特雷】 【Newsforge、天极网】


  永中集成Office是非常有前途的Office软件,以Java语言编写,可以在Linux和Windows操作系统上运行,适用于Mac和 Solaris的版本正在研发中。EIOffice基本上是MS Office的克隆,但有一个变化——它提供了一个市场上任何Office软件都无可匹敌的功能——集成。但EIOffice也存在一些问题,以致不能被一些单位所接受。

  EIOffice是永中科技有限公司的产品。售价149美元,包括一年内免费升级和技术支持。每年付99美元可继续获得同样的升级和支持。你也可以以398美元的价格获得5年内免费升级和技术支持。提供不同的用户包装和企业的批量折扣。

  我在家里的电脑上对EIOffice进行了测试。电脑配置如下:Asus主板,AMD Athlon 1800 MHz处理器,普通的Nvidia GeForce FX显卡,Flatron L1720P LCD显示器, 三星ML1710镭射打印机。

  好的

  EIOffice在所有可以在Windows和Linux上运行的应用程序中受欢迎有2大原因。第一:Word Processor、Spreadsheet和Presentation与微软的Word、Excel和PowerPoint看上去、用起来都很相似,直到非常细微的地方如:对话框和工具栏图标。除了微软复杂的协作,EIOffice几乎包括了所有微软的功能。只有那些MS Office用得很深的用户才会感到EIOffice遗漏了这个或那个功能,其他大多数用户几乎不需要任何再培训就能轻易学会使用EIOffice。

  第二,说到各应用程序间的集成,完全没人比得上EIOffice。你可以将想要保存的文档、表格和简报存入一个EIOffice集成文件中。此功能鼓励用户将相关文件存入一个集成文件中,但你不一定要使用这个功能,因为EIOffice可以跨集成文件或在同一集成文件内对数据进行集成。EIOffice 对文本文档、电子表格、简报之间数据和对象的共享、比其它我用过的Office软件,如:Microsoft Office,OpenOffice / StarOffice,和KOffice等都更快、更简单。

  举例说明,要将电子表格中的一个单元格,如:金额,复制并链接到文本文件的一个句子中间就出奇的简单。若你对电子表格中的数据进行了更改,则句子中间的金额就会立即更新。若你将一个电子表格中的单元格剪切然后粘贴到另一张电子表格,则链接将随着你剪切、粘贴的操作转变,而文本文件继续显示正确的值。当你插入和删除行或列时,链接依然保持正确。

  EIOffice 各应用程序间的持续链接不仅远远优于OpenOffice,也远比起MS Office来更灵活、强大。这对Windows和Linux用户来说,手中又多了一个新利器。这种持续链接在许多Office软件中是不存在的,MS Office虽有但却是问题多多。MS Office的链接受运行迟缓和耗费资源的COM/OLE所限制,以致Office用户有时不得不使用Visual Basic for Applications (VBA)来进行链接。

  即使表面上看来简单的链接也能大大节省你的时间。链接使白皮书及其相关幻灯片的同步保存变得简单。例如:一个链接可以连接章节的标题到幻灯片的标题,或副标题到幻灯片的子项目。幻灯片将自动反映你对章节标题或副标题所做的任何修改。

  EIOffice不限制导入任何相当大或复杂的MS Office Word 文档,要将其保存为PDF文件也没有问题。虽然导入的MS Office文件不是很完美,但通常比OpenOffice要好。

  EIOffice以Java作为其宏语言。在EIOffice内我找不到任何对编写宏和编写程序有用的说明文件。为发现可以从Java程序中调用的EIOffice的内部函数,我只能记录宏并观看其自动生成的代码。

  坏的

  EIOffice也不是没有缺点,在我的相当的努力下,才能将EIOffice在Debian(unstable branch),Gentoo,Fedora Core 1,和Fedora Core 2上运行。在Fedora Core 1上安装比较顺利,但在其他操作系统上EIOffice不能完全完成安装。我必须手动将Fedora Core 1的文件复制到Debian 和Gentoo,才能使EIOffice在其他操作系统上运行。很明显,如果你没有Fedora 或Red Hat操作系统,就不能解决这个问题。但资深Linux用户可以不需要使用安装的程序就可以找出和安装所有文件。

  在Fedora Core 2上,安装程序完全成功,但应用程序起先并不能运行。Fedora Core 2用户需要安装C++向后兼容库才能使EIOffice运行。(此问题解决方法之一就是以yum指令安装compat-libstdc++)。在完成安装后EIOffice居然告诉我要重启系统才能使用,我觉得很有趣。这一步也许是为了保持Windows和Linux上一般的经验相同,但实际上在 Linux上安装后不需要重启就可用。

  我认为EIOffice最令我迷惑的问题在于速度。总的来说,EIOffice在使用上的响应还是不错的,以至于你都猜不到它是用Java编写的程序。操作和编辑300页有图片对象和文本的文档很容易,而且几乎察觉不到迟滞。

  但是我打字速度很快,我发现EIOffice文字处理程序偶尔会遗失我键入的字符。这可能会让一些人不用,但我不能重现这个问题而否定它。一个企业如想购买EIOffice,更换整个公司的软件作出决策前,应该要公司打字速度最快的员工在最慢的机器上测试EIOffice。

   EIOffice在其他方面是很强势的。我对EIOffice中的文件进行了各式各样的工作,EIOffice并没有出现迟滞的现象,更不用说当机了。但这不代表EIOffice不存在会当机的bug。例如,EIOffice有时会忘记将文本插入光标转换为鼠标指针。其他bug也很讨厌,但没一个是让人驻足不用的。

  丑的

  从另一方面来说,偶尔遗失字符的现象可能可以解释为永中科技还未使用Java提供的字体反锯齿或其他润饰的技术。这些功能会严重降低性能。但没有他们,EIOffice的字体从审美的哪个方面看都不漂亮。在LCD显示器上这个问题比在CRT上更加明显。现在是21世纪了,我们不能原谅显示的字体如此丑陋。不管这是Java的问题还是EIOffice的问题,所幸的是,打印出的文件要比显示在屏幕上的好多了,在简报中的字体也经过润饰后变得很好。

  结论

  虽然,EIOffice是以MS Office的替代产品为设计目标的。但Linux用户更会将它与OpenOffice进行比较。由于EIOffice是仿照MS Office的,虽然可能遗漏了一些功能,如果说MS Office的功能比OpenOffice多,同样也可以说EIOffice的功能也比OpenOffice多。不论MS Office的设计在那一方面优于OpenOffice的话,同样可以说EIOffice的设计也一样地优于OpenOffice。

   EIOffice胜于OpenOffice的最显而易见的部分在于简报的制作和管理。OpenOffice Impress当然是"足够好"用,但EIOffice(和PowerPoint)明显更易使用且功能强大。例如,EIOffice与 OpenOffice相比,让你可以更精确地制定简报。你可以对各别的重点和动作设定动画和行动,如:鼠标点击或鼠标移过(当鼠标指针在移过动作按钮时)。在编辑简报时,EIOffice文本的文字没有经过反锯齿或字体平滑的润饰,但在演示作好的简报时,字体就是平滑好看的。奇怪的是,尽管 EIOffice有更多与MS PowerPoint兼容的功能,但OpenOffice导入的MS PowerPoint文件要比EIOffice好。

  EIOffice文字处理程序在与其他应用的集成方面和用户界面的可用性比OpenOffice Writer明显高出一筹。但从另一方面说,OpenOffice Writer文本看上去比EIOffice好一点,因为其字体是经过润饰的,且OpenOffice Writer在我快速键入字符时,从不迟滞。

  EIOffice电子表格与OpenOffice Calc基本相当。但EIOffice字体没有经过润饰的问题依然存在。

  EIOffice的应用软件在集成的功能上是无可比拟的,所以,很明显,如果你购用Office时的最重要考虑是集成功能的话,EIOffice不只是最好的选择,也是唯一的选择。

  OpenOffice对大多数用户来说已经足够好了。它经过润饰的文本字看起来很好,如仅就价格而言,因为免费就比其它任何产品有优势。但对那些想从 MS Office顺利转换到其他软件的用户来说,EIOffice 无疑是最佳的选择。因为它几乎不需要再培训,拥有与微软几乎有同样多的功能,且在多数单位可负担的价格范围之内。

  后记:

  就此文中所提到的技术点是否属实问题,本文记者在译后向永中公司做了咨询,同时问到永中对此做何回应时,永中公司副总经理章雷表示:

  Debian、Genfoo、Fedora 1、Fedora 2是属于Linux的偏门品牌,永中公司未能在EIOffice英文版中将这些操作系统安装进去,实属于公司资源有限。目前的永中Office英文版只支持了Linux中的RedHat,而对于其它Linux品牌的安装,永中将在以后的版本中逐渐增加,以满足不同用户的多种需求。

  第二个问题是此文作者Nicholas Petreley先生发现了两个Bug。一个是在快速输入文字的情况下,EIOffice在进行文字处理时偶尔会遗失键入的字符。首先,永中对 Nicholas Petreley先生表示衷心的感谢!目前技术人员已经找到了这个Bug的问题所在,并且已经进行了处理,在第三季的永中Office2004加强版中将得以体现。另一个Bug是字体的润饰问题,就像作者分析的一样,永中还未使用Java提供的字体反锯齿或其他润饰的技术。永中表示,在第三季的永中 Office2004加强版中永中Office也将对字体的美观度做相当的改进。除了解决上述两个问题外,永中Office 2004加强版在品质上和实用性上将会有相当大的提升。

  章雷说,广大用户最为关心的是永中Office与微软Office的兼容问题。实际上,兼容常受到诸如产品设计、规格、定义、算法等很多因素的影响,是个很复杂的难题。包括微软自己做得也不尽如人意,微软本身在新旧版本转换之间都无法做到100%的兼容,而作为其他的Office产品则更是不可能做到100%的兼容了。但是,出于用户使用的需要,永中Office一直在兼容微软文档方面不断地努力着,永中Office 2004加强版中将更进一步提升兼容性。虽然不能做到100%的兼容,但是章雷表示,要相信永中Office的兼容性会愈来愈好,因为永中的努力和进步是大家有目共睹的,更大的进步和跨越就在不远的前方。

英文原稿:

EIOffice: The good, the bad, and the ugly
Wednesday June 02, 2004 (04:00 PM GMT)
Topics: Office Software , Desktop , Software
By: Nicholas Petreley

Evermore Integrated Office is an extremely promising new Java-based office suite that currently runs on both Linux and Windows, with versions slated for Mac and Solaris. EIOffice is a remarkably faithful clone of Microsoft Office, with a twist -- it provides a level of integration unmatched by any office suite on the market. It's not without problems, though, a couple of which take EIOffice out of the running for some organizations.

EIOffice is a commercial package from Evermore Software. It is priced at $149, which includes one year of upgrades and support; you can extend that coverage for $99 every year after. You can also pay $ 398 for five years of upgrades and support. Various multiple user packs and business discounts are available.

I tested EIOffice on a home-brew workstation based on an Asus motherboard with an AMD Athlon 1800 MHz processor, a generic Nvidia GeForce FX video card, and a Flatron L1720P LCD monitor. I used a Samsung ML1710 laser printer for output.

The good

EIOffice is a welcome addition to the available productivity applications on both Windows and Linux for two big reasons. First, the word processor, spreadsheet, and presentation programs look and work almost exactly like Microsoft Word, Excel, and Powerpoint, almost down to the last dialog box and toolbar icon. EIOffice matches all but the sophisticated collaboration features of Microsoft Office. Only power Microsoft Office users might miss a feature here and there; the rest should feel immediately comfortable with EIOffice with little or no retraining.

Second, when it comes to integration between applications, EIOffice is without peer. EIOffice stores in a single binder file as many documents, spreadsheets, and presentations as you care to put into it. This encourages users to group related files in a single binder, but that's not an absolutely necessary approach, because EIOffice lets you integrate related data across different binders as well as different documents within a binder. EIOffice makes it far quicker and easier to share data and objects between documents, spreadsheets, and presentations than any other office suite I've tried, including Microsoft Office, OpenOffice/StarOffice, and KOffice.

For example, it is ridiculously simple to copy a cell from a spreadsheet, such as a dollar amount, and link it into the middle of a sentence in a text document. If you change the value in the spreadsheet, the dollar amount in the sentence will reflect the change immediately. If you then cut the cell from the spreadsheet and paste it into another spreadsheet, the link follows your cut and paste operation and the document continues to point to the correct value. It also maintains the correct link when you insert or delete rows or columns.

The persistence of links between EIOffice applications is not just better than OpenOffice, it is far more flexible and robust than what you get with Microsoft Office. This brings a new level of power to both Linux and Windows users. This kind of persistence is nonexistent in some suites, and problematic at best for Microsoft Office. Microsoft Office is hampered by sluggish and resource-intensive COM/OLE for linking, and office users may even have to resort to Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) programming for some links.

Even seemingly mundane types of links can prove to be valuable time-savers. Linking makes it easy to keep a white paper and corresponding slide presentation synchronized, for instance. One might link section headings to slide titles and sub-headings to slide bullet items. The slides will automatically reflect any corrections or changes you make to the section headings and sub-headings.

EIOffice didn't balk at importing a very large and reasonably complex Microsoft Word document, nor did it have a problem saving that document as a PDF file. Although it did not import Microsoft Office documents perfectly, it usually did a better job than OpenOffice.

EIOffice uses Java as its macro language. I could not find useful documentation for writing macros and custom programs in EIOffice. I had to record macros and look at the code that was automatically generated in order to discover the built-in functions of EIOffice that you can call from Java programs.

The bad

EIOffice is not without flaws, however, I managed to get it working on Debian (unstable branch), Gentoo, Fedora Core 1, and Fedora Core 2, but not without substantial effort on my part. The installation ran smoothly on Fedora Core 1, but it did not finish properly on any other distribution I tried. I had to copy files manually from Fedora Core 1 to my Debian and Gentoo installations to get it working on those distributions. Obviously, if you don't have a Fedora or Red Hat installation handy, you can't solve the problem this way, but a sophisticated Linux user can figure out how to extract and install all the files without the installation program.

The installation program completed successfully on Fedora Core 2, but the application did not run at first. Fedora Core 2 users will need to install a C++ backwards compatibility library to get it working. (One way to fix the problem is to issue the command yum install compat-libstdc++). I found it amusing that EIOffice told me I would have to reboot the system after installation before I could use the software. Perhaps this step is provided to maintain a consistent experience between the Windows and Linux versions, but no reboot was necessary under Linux.

The worst problem I had with EIOffice was a perplexing one of speed. Overall, EIOffice is very responsive, so much so that one would not guess it is a Java-based program. It was easy to navigate and edit a 300-page document filled with graphical objects and text with no perceptible delay.

I'm a very fast typist, however, and I found that the word processor occasionally dropped characters as I typed. This could be a show-stopper for some people, but I could not reproduce the behavior consistently enough to give EIOffice a thumbs down for all. Businesses thinking about investing in EIOffice for many users may want to test EIOffice on their slowest machines with their fastest typists before making a decision to migrate the entire company.

EIOffice was very robust in other ways. I've thrown a lot of types of work at EIOffice and it hasn't so much as hiccuped let alone crash. That's not to say there aren't a few non-fatal bugs. EIOffice sometimes forgets to switch cursor types from a text insertion cursor to a pointer, for example. Some other bugs were annoying, but none were show-stoppers.

The ugly

On the other hand, the fact that it occasionally drops characters may be the explanation as to why Evermore Software has not enabled font antialiasing or other font smoothing techniques available in Java. These features can slow down performance significantly. Without them, the fonts in EIOffice look anywhere from aesthetically challenged to downright homely. The problem is worse on an LCD monitor than on a CRT, but let's face it, it's the twenty-first century now and there's no excuse for such ugly font rendering, whether it's a Java problem or an EIOffice problem. Fortunately, documents print much better than they appear on screen, and the fonts are smoothed when giving presentations.

The bottom line

Although EIOffice is specifically designed to be a replacement for Microsoft Office, Linux users are more likely to compare EIOffice to OpenOffice. Since EIOffice emulates Microsoft Office sans a few features here and there, wherever Microsoft Office is more feature-rich than OpenOffice, EIOffice is likely to be equally more feature-rich than OpenOffice. And wherever Microsoft Office is superior to OpenOffice in design, EIOffice is also superior.

The most noticeable area where EIOffice whips OpenOffice is in the creation and management of presentations. OpenOffice Impress is certainly "good enough," but EIOffice (and Powerpoint) are clearly more usable and feature-rich. For example, EIOffice lets you customize your presentation in a much more granular way than OpenOffice. You can assign various animations and actions to individual bullet points and individual actions, such as a mouse click or a mouseover (when the mouse pointer hovers over the bullet item). While the presentation text in EIOffice is not antialiased or otherwise smoothed when editing a presentation, it is smoothed nicely when you run the finished presentation. Oddly enough, in spite of the fact that EIOffice is more feature-compatible with Microsoft Powerpoint, OpenOffice frequently imported Microsoft Powerpoint files better than EIOffice.

The EIOffice word processor is clearly superior to OpenOffice Writer in terms of integration with the other applications, and it has a user interface usability edge over OpenOffice. On the other hand, OpenOffice Writer text looks a lot better because the fonts are antialiased, and OpenOffice Writer never fell behind when I typed quickly.

The EIOffice spreadsheet is roughly equal to OpenOffice Calc, although once again the lack of antialiased fonts in EIOffice can be annoying.

EIOffice is peerless when it comes to application integration, so if the cleanest possible approach to integration is what drives your purchasing decision, EIOffice is not the best choice, it is the only choice.

OpenOffice is still plenty good enough for most users. Its antialiased text looks better, and the fact that it is free makes it difficult to beat on an economic level. But EIOffice is clearly the top choice for those who want the smoothest transition away from Microsoft Office. It requires little or no retraining, is almost as feature-rich, and is priced well within the reach of most organizations.

Nicholas Petreley is a consultant and writer in Kansas City, Mo.


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哀,看来他的眼里只有redhat了


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2004年的情况拿到现在来说有什么意义?文章中提到的问题早就完美解决了。尤其是那一段红字,请看永中的自述文件:

永中集成Office 2007 自述文件

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
系统要求:
处 理 器: PIII 450 MHz 或相当的处理器以上,推荐 PIV 1.3 GHz 以上
操作系统: Windows 98/ME/2000/XP;Fedora Linux 5.0,红旗 Linux 4.1 KDE、GNOME 桌面等
内 存 RAM: 128 MB,推荐 256 MB 或更高
硬 盘: 350 MB 磁盘空间(Windows 系统中系统磁盘剩余空间不小于 100 MB)
显 示 器: 256 色,Super VGA(800×600)及以上
其 它: 标准鼠标,标准键盘,CD/DVD 驱动器


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
安装永中集成Office:
Windows 安装:
在光驱内插入永中集成Office 安装光盘,自动运行安装向导,或双击光盘根目录下的执行文件 <Setup.exe> 运行安装向导,依据向导提示完成安装。
Linux 安装:
方法一、使用 root 用户身份登录,插入光盘,进入光盘根目录下的 Linux 目录,双击 <setup> 文件运行安装向导,依据向导提示完成安装。
方法二、使用 root 用户身份登录,插入光盘,启动终端窗口,在终端中键入 cd /mnt/cdrom/Linux 回车进入安装目录,键入 ./setup 回车运行安装向导,依据向导提示完成安装。
方法三、使用 root 用户身份登录,插入光盘,启动终端窗口,在终端中键入 ./setup.sh, 回车进行脚本安装模式,依据向导提示完成安装。
【备注】在 Ubuntu Linux 系统下,必须进入终端窗口,键入 sudo ./setup 回车运行安装向导,依据向导提示完成安装。

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
卸载永中集成Office:
Windows 卸载:
运行 Windows 操作系统的开始 >> 程序 >> 永中集成Office 2007 >> 添加或删除永中集成Office 2007,进入安装向导,按向导提示删除永中集成Office。
Linux 卸载:
方法一、使用 root 用户身份登录,运行操作系统开始菜单下的永中集成Office 卸载程序的快捷方式,依据卸载向导的提示完成删除永中集成Office。
方法二、使用 root 用户身份登录,在终端下键入 rmeio 回车,依据卸载向导提示删除永中集成Office。
【备注】在 Ubuntu Linux 系统下,必须进入终端窗口,键入 sudo rmeio 回车运行卸载向导,依据向导提示完成卸载。

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特别说明:
1. 在安装永中集成Office 之前需确保计算机上以前安装的永中集成Office 已被卸载;
2. Linux 系统安装永中集成Office,如果双击 setup 后系统没有反应,可能是该文件没有可执行权限,鼠标选中 setup 文件,右键点击调出文件属性,加上可执行权限。再双击执行;
3. Linux 系统只能由 root 用户安装永中集成Office,安装后需要 root 用户首次运行永中集成Office 并输入 CD-KEY 后方可正常使用。如果使用永中集成Office 的用户为非 root 用户(例如 A 用户),那么需要 A 用户登录后在终端键入 seteio 回车,在桌面上建立永中集成Office 的快捷运行方式;
4. Linux 系统安装完毕后,如果桌面或者开始菜单中没有永中集成Office 的快捷方式,则需要注销用户,重新登录。


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帖子发表于 : 2008-03-14 13:45 
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而且ubuntu的中文源里面已经添加了eioffice,你安装它就像安装其他软件一样简单。
再次质疑楼主发帖的目的。


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帖子发表于 : 2008-03-14 13:58 
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那么老的事情,拿到现在的环境来说,确实有些无聊哈


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Gedanken ohne Inhalt sind leer .Anschauungen ohne Begriffe sind blind.


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记得原先用了一个永中 Office 的DEB包,安装很简单


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