第 4 章 cvs - Concurrent Versions System

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第 4 章 cvs - Concurrent Versions System

#1

帖子 neo.chan » 2008-11-27 10:30

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November 15, 2008
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第 4 章 cvs - Concurrent Versions System

目录

chroot
cvs login | logout
cvs import
cvs checkout
cvs add
cvs status
cvs commit
cvs remove
cvs log
cvs annotate
cvs diff
rename file
revision
cvs export
Branch

milestone
patch branch

cvs release
keywords

过程 4.1. install cvs

1.

install

$ sudo apt-get install xinetd
$ sudo apt-get install cvs


show the cvs version

$ cvs -v

Concurrent Versions System (CVS) 1.12.13 (client/server)


2.

create cvs group and cvsroot user

$ sudo groupadd cvs
$ sudo adduser cvsroot --ingroup cvs


change user become cvsroot

$ su - cvsroot


3.

initialization 'CVSROOT'

$ cvs -d /home/cvsroot init


if you have successed, you can see CVSROOT directory in the '/home/cvsroot'

$ ls /home/cvsroot/
CVSROOT


4.

authentication

default SystemAuth=yes, you can use system user to login cvs.

but usually, we don't used system user because it isn't security.

SystemAuth = no

edit '/home/cvsroot/CVSROOT/config' make sure SystemAuth = no

$ vim /home/cvsroot/CVSROOT/config
SystemAuth = no


create passwd file

the format is user:password:cvsroot

you need to using htpasswd command, if you don't have, please install it as the following

$ sudo apt-get install apache2-utils


or

$ perl -e 'print("userPassword: ".crypt("secret","salt")."\n");'


or

$ cat passwd
#!/usr/bin/perl
srand (time());
my $randletter = "(int (rand (26)) + (int (rand (1) + .5) % 2 ? 65 : 97))";
my $salt = sprintf ("%c%c", eval $randletter, eval $randletter);
my $plaintext = shift; my $crypttext = crypt ($plaintext, $salt);
print "${crypttext}\n";

$ ./passwd "mypasswd"
atfodI2Y/dcdc


let's using htpasswd to create a passwd

$ htpasswd -n neo
New password:
Re-type new password:
neo:yA50LI1BkXysY


copy 'neo:yA50LI1BkXysY' and add ':cvsroot' to the end

$ vim /home/cvsroot/CVSROOT/passwd
neo:yA50LI1BkXysY:cvsroot
nchen:GXaAkSKaQ/Hpk:cvsroot


5.

Go into directory '/etc/xinetd.d/', and then create a cvspserver file as the following.

$ sudo vim /etc/xinetd.d/cvspserver

service cvspserver
{
disable = no
flags = REUSE
socket_type = stream
wait = no
user = cvsroot
server = /usr/bin/cvs
server_args = -f --allow-root=/home/cvsroot pserver
log_on_failure += USERID
}


6.

check cvspserver in the '/etc/services'

$ grep cvspserver /etc/services
cvspserver 2401/tcp # CVS client/server operations
cvspserver 2401/udp


7.

restart xinetd

$ /etc/init.d/xinetd
Usage: /etc/init.d/xinetd {start|stop|reload|force-reload|restart}


8.

port

$ nmap localhost -p cvspserver

Starting Nmap 4.53 ( http://insecure.org ) at 2008-11-14 16:21 HKT
Interesting ports on localhost (127.0.0.1):
PORT STATE SERVICE
2401/tcp open cvspserver

Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.080 seconds


9.

firewall

$ sudo ufw allow cvspserver


environment variable

CVSROOT=:pserver:username@ip:/home/cvsroot

vim .bashrc

export CVS_RSH=ssh
export CVSROOT=:pserver:neo@localhost:/home/cvsroot


test

$ cvs login
Logging in to :pserver:neo@localhost:2401/home/cvsroot
CVS password:
neo@netkiller:/tmp/test$ cvs co test
cvs checkout: Updating test
U test/.project
U test/NewFile.xml
U test/newfile.php
neo@netkiller:/tmp/test$

environment variable

neo@netkiller:~/workspace/cvs$ export CVSROOT=:pserver:neo@localhost:/home/cvsroot


ssh

export CVS_RSH=ssh
export CVSROOT=:ext:$USER@localhost:/home/cvsroot
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Re: 第 4 章 cvs - Concurrent Versions System

#2

帖子 eexpress » 2008-11-27 10:33

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