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 文章标题 : [问题]VIM 的系统兼容性问题?
帖子发表于 : 2008-08-04 14:53 

注册: 2007-10-27 1:04
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具体是这样的:

我在windows下使用gvim 7.1,它的command line 部分还会记录我刚刚键入的字符。

比如在normal mode,当我准备跳到全文的50%处,我依次按5、0、%三个键,下面的comand line也会跟着显示
5
50
最后调到50%

但是,我在ubuntu 8.04下使用vim-full,版本也是7.1,下面的command line位置则没有类似的输入信息提示,这让我比较困惑。

还有,当我在ubuntu下,用vim编辑中文的时候,按w、b、e的时候,vim会自动按照全角标点来分割,就像编辑英文时,按照半角标点和半角空格来分割定位一样。

但是,在windows下的vim则没有这样的功能,只能按照英文标点、空格来分割定位。

注,两种操作系统下,我都是使用的同样的vimrc文件。如果需要,我可以把它贴出来。

望有经验的朋友帮忙看看,到底是怎么回事。


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帖子发表于 : 2008-08-04 17:10 
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mswin下,vim安装目录里面的_vimrc文件请仔细观察第三、四行

引用:
source mswin.vim
behave mswin


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帖子发表于 : 2008-08-04 21:14 

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先谢谢楼上的关注。

不过,不是这个问题(而且,我点出的第一个问题,是ubuntu下的vim有不爽的地方,即不能马上把我当前的按键显示来),因为我不是用的原始的vimrc,甚至mswin.vim文件都被我删除了。

我还是贴一下我的vimrc吧,希望不会因为太长,而占了各位的眼睛:

" vim : ts=8 ff=unix sw=4 enc=gbk fenc=gbk et:
"
"
"" Fileencodings Priority : ucs-bom, utf-8; 2cd, gbk;
"" NOTE: `bom` is short for Byte Order Mask'
"
"" Multi-encoding setting, MUST BE IN THE BEGINNING OF .vimrc!
"
if has("multi_byte")
" When 'fileencodings' starts with 'ucs-bom', don't do this manually
" "set bomb
set fileencodings=ucs-bom,utf-8,chinese,taiwan,japan,korea,latin1
" CJK environment detection and corresponding setting
if v:lang =~ "^zh_CN"
" Simplified Chinese, on Unix euc-cn, on MS-Windows cp936
set encoding=chinese
set termencoding=chinese
if &fileencoding == ''
set fileencoding=chinese
elseif &fileencoding == "utf8"
set encoding = utf8
endif
elseif v:lang =~ "^zh_TW"
" Traditional Chinese, on Unix euc-tw, on MS-Windows cp950
set encoding=taiwan
set termencoding=taiwan
if &fileencoding == ''
set fileencoding=taiwan
endif
elseif v:lang =~ "^ja_JP"
" Japanese, on Unix euc-jp, on MS-Windows cp932
set encoding=japan
set termencoding=japan
if &fileencoding == ''
set fileencoding=japan
endif
elseif v:lang =~ "^ko"
" Korean on Unix euc-kr, on MS-Windows cp949
set encoding=korea
set termencoding=korea
if &fileencoding == ''
set fileencoding=korea
endif
endif
" Detect UTF-8 locale, and override CJK setting if needed
if v:lang =~ "utf8$" || v:lang =~ "UTF-8$"
set encoding=utf-8
endif
else
echoerr 'Sorry, this version of (g)Vim was not compiled with "multi_byte"'
endif

if has('gui_gtk2')
set guifont=Courier\ New\ 12
endif

" return OS type, eg: windows, or linux, mac, et.st..
function! MySys()
if has("win16") || has("win32") || has("win64") || has("win95")
return "windows"
elseif has("unix")
return "linux"
endif
endfunction

" Recognize standard C/C++ headers
"For $include
if MySys() == "windows"
set path=.,C:/MinGW/include,C:/MinGW/include/c++/3.4.5,E:/MyProject/MyProject.Tool/include,,
elseif MySys() == "linux"
set path=.,/usr/include/,/usr/include/c++/4.1.3/,,
endif

"For ctags file!
if MySys() == "windows"
set tags+=C:/MinGW/include/ctags
set tags+=C:/MinGW/include/c++/3.4.5/stl.tags
elseif MySys() == "linux"
set tags+=/usr/include/ctag
set tags+=/usr/include/c++/4.1.3/ctags
endif

" Recognize standard C++ headers
if MySys() == "windows"
au BufEnter C:/MinGW/include/* setf cpp
au BufEnter C:/MinGW/include/c++/3.4.5/* setf cpp
elseif MySys() == "linux"
au BufEnter /usr/include/c++/* setf cpp
au BufEnter /usr/include/c++/4.1.3/* setf cpp
endif

" function for font!
function! Set_nomo_font()
if MySys() == "windows"
"set gfn=Courier_New:h10:cANSI
set gfn=Consolas:h10:cANSI
elseif MySys() == "linux"
set gfn=Courier\ New\ 10
endif
endfunction

function! Set_text_font()
if MySys() == "windows"
set gfn=新宋体:h12:cANSI
"set gfn=Consolas:h12:cANSI
elseif MySys() == "linux"
set gfn=Bitstream\ Vera\ Sans\ Mono\ 10
endif
endfunction

func! g:SaveAsPlainText()
"TODO:return to original position
let l:line = getline(1)
let l:line = matchstr(l:line, '^\%(\*\+\s\+\)\=\zs.\+$')
let l:title = matchstr(l:line, '^[  ]*\zs.\+$')

" \([^\s ].\{-1,}\)[\s ]*$/\1/g
exe ':w '. l:title .'.txt'
endf
command! SText call g:SaveAsPlainText()

func! g:TrimTrailingSpaces()
"TODO:return to original position
silent %s/\(\s\| \)\+$//g
endf
command! TTrailingSpaces call g:TrimTrailingSpaces()

"set guifontset=-*-fixed-medium-r-normal--14-*-*-*-c-*-*-*,*
"改为你喜欢的字体

"" with command 'filetype on', gvim will source '$VIMRUNTIME/filetype.vim'
"" to sort file with file extension and file content;
"" the below command will do the following three things:
filetype on
filetype plugin on
filetype indent on
" and only one line for short ^_^
" filetype plugin indent on

""Color Scheme Setting
" colorscheme darkblue " torte || murphy
colorscheme desertEx

"" Auto-indent setting For All
set autoindent " Auto-indent on
set nobackup " No backups
set noswapfile " No swap file, use memory only
set nocompatible " No compatible with VI

"language "en_US.ISO_8859-1"

"用于新建文件
set fileencoding=gbk
"
"控制欢迎字幕以及状态条语言
let $lang = 'EN-US' " United Stats English

set helplang=en " 帮助文件的语言


"" with command 'filetype on', gvim will source '$VIMRUNTIME/filetype.vim'
"" to sort file with file extension and file content;
"" the below command will do the following three things:
filetype on
filetype plugin on
filetype indent on
"" and only one line for short ^_^
"filetype plugin indent on

" Text file Formating Settings
" Command:
" gq
"set formatoptions+=mM

" Enhence '%' -- 'match it'
let s:chinese_punct_match_words = '「:」,[:],【:】,{:},《:》,『:』,“:”,‘:’,(:),\(,\|、\):\(。\|?\|!\)'
let s:none_punct = '\s\|\w'
let s:left_ankle = '\('.s:none_punct .'\|^\)'.'\@<='.'<\('.s:none_punct .'\|$\)\@='
let s:right_ankle = '\('.s:none_punct .'\|^\)'.'\@<='.'>\('.s:none_punct .'\|$\|\:\|(\|{\)\@='

" Viki
let g:vikiNameSuffix=".viki"
augr viki
au!
autocmd! BufRead,BufNewFile *.viki set filetype=viki
augr END

" My file type and extension !
au BufNewFile,BufRead,BufWrite *.txt setf plaintext
au BufNewFile,BufRead,BufWrite *.etd setf easytodo " easy to do file !
au BufNewFile,BufRead,BufWrite *.zlg setf ztxlog " zhongwen text log file !

" PowerShell
au BufNewFile,BufRead,BufWrite *.ps1,*.psc1 setf ps1 |
\call Set_nomo_font()

au FileType plaintext set ts=8 sw=8 nu noet fo+=mM tw=80 |
\call Set_text_font() |
\let b:match_words = s:chinese_punct_match_words
au FileType easytodo let b:match_words = s:chinese_punct_match_words | set ts=4
au FileType ztxlog let b:match_words = s:chinese_punct_match_words | set ts=4

"" for warning trimling spaces highligting set
let c_space_errors = 1
" in $VIMRUNTIM/syntax/c.vim
" DATE:2008.6.14

"" sw : shiftwidth; ts : tabstop; et : expandtab; gfn : guifont; nu : number; fdm : foldermethod;
"" this is for *.c, *.cpp, *.h, *.hpp, *.cc, *.cxx ... source file
au FileType c,cpp,java set cin cino=:0,g0,t0 ts=8 sw=4 et nu fdm=marker |
\call Set_nomo_font()
au FileType cpp let b:match_words = ''.s:left_ankle .':'.s:right_ankle
au FileType make set nocin sw=4 ts=4 noet |
\call Set_nomo_font()
"" this is for HTML file, eg, html, xhtml ...
au FileType html,xhtml,aspvbs set sw=2 ts=2 nu tw=80 fo+=mM |
\call Set_text_font() |
\let b:match_words .= ','.s:chinese_punct_match_words

au FileType dosbatch set sw=4 ts=4 nu |
\call Set_nomo_font()

"" this is for vim help file, the extension is default as *.txt
au FileType help set sw=4 ts=8 nu fdm=marker |
\call Set_nomo_font()
"" this is for vim help file, the extension is default as *.txt
au FileType vim set sw=4 ts=8 nu fdm=marker |
\call Set_nomo_font()
"" these will make navigate in chinese text file much easier!

"" Session as a project Manager
"silent source! Session.vim
"the command above will automatic open the file:Session.vim under current work
"directory, when you open a file.
"This makes much easier when manage a project, such as a C/C++ programe.

"autocmd BufRead, BufEnter
"" Browse Mode Setting
set nostartofline " Keep cursor column when moving
set nocompatible " Use vim advance settings; do not compatible with VI

"" Help Language Setting
set helplang=en " Language of help

set showcmd " Show commond line
"" Status Bar Setting
set laststatus=2 " Always show status line
set statusline=%f%m%r%h%w\ [FORMAT=%{&ff}]\ [TYPE=%Y]\ [ASCII=\%03.3b]\ [HEX=\%02.2B]\ [POS=%04l,%04v][%p%%]\ [LEN=%L]

"" Command Line Setting
set cmdheight=1 " lines for command window

"" Howto Fold text default: start with {{{ end with }}}}
set foldmethod=marker " fold method to marker

"" every time read a file, just maximum the window
" Simulate <Ctrl-Space>
if MySys() == "windows"
" au BufRead * simalt ~x " http://www.aspxml.cn/Article/WebDevelop ... /2522.html
elseif MySys() == "linux"
"
endif

"in $VIM\vim70\ftplugin directory to docbk.vim, xsl.vim, html.vim, xhtml.vim

"let cscopeprg=$VIMRUNTIME . 'cscope.exe'

"" Inner Search Mode
set incsearch " Increase search ON
"" use <F2> to invalide Search HighLighting
nmap <F2> :set hls!<CR>

"" The <Backspace> Behavior
set backspace=indent,eol,start " Backspace over everyting

"" Maxmum Commands to be saved
set history=50 " Save at most 50 commands

"" GUI Frame Setting
set guioptions-=L " No left hand scrollbars
set guioptions-=r " No right hand scrollbars
set guioptions-=T " No Toolbar
"set guioptions-=m " No menu bar

filetype plugin on

"" the appearence of line number
hi LineNr guifg=#008f00 gui=bold guibg=#222222

"" Table window Navigation
"" Move foreward : Ctrl-Tab
nmap <c-tab> :tabn<cr>
"" Move backward : Ctrl-Shift-Tab
nmap <c-s-tab> :tabp<cr>

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" OmniCppComplete setting
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
let OmniCpp_DefaultNamespaces = ["std", "_GLIBCXX_STD"]
map <C-F12> :!ctags -R --c++-kinds=+p --fields=+iaS --extra=+q .<CR>

" set g:ctags_command for toolbar
"let g:ctags_command='ctags -R --c++-kinds=+p --fields=+iaS --extra=+q .'
""from 御剑飞仙的_gvimrc

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Code_Complete plugin autocommand
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
au FileType c,cpp call CodeCompleteStart()

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" BufExplorer
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
let g:bufExplorerDefaultHelp=0 " Do not show default help.
let g:bufExplorerShowRelativePath=1 " Show relative paths.
let g:bufExplorerSortBy='mru' " Sort by most recently used.
let g:bufExplorerSplitRight=0 " Split left.
let g:bufExplorerSplitVertical=1 " Split vertically.
let g:bufExplorerSplitVertSize = 30 " Split width
let g:bufExplorerUseCurrentWindow=1 " Open in new window.

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" lookupfile setting
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
let g:LookupFile_MinPatLength = 2 "最少输入2个字符才开始查找
let g:LookupFile_PreserveLastPattern = 0 "不保存上次查找的字符串
let g:LookupFile_PreservePatternHistory = 1 "保存查找历史
let g:LookupFile_AlwaysAcceptFirst = 1 "回车打开第一个匹配项目
let g:LookupFile_AllowNewFiles = 0 "不允许创建不存在的文件
if filereadable("./filenametags") "设置tag文件的名字
let g:LookupFile_TagExpr = '"./filenametags"'
endif
nmap <silent> <leader>lk <Plug>LookupFile<cr>
"映射LookupFile为,lk
nmap <silent> <leader>ll :LUBufs<cr>
"映射LUBufs为,ll
nmap <silent> <leader>lw :LUWalk<cr>
"映射LUWalk为,lw

runtime plugin\cscope_maps.vim " source $VIMRUNTIME\plugin\cscope_maps.vim
runtime vimrc_example.vim " source $VIMRUNTIME\vimrc_example.vim
" source $VIMRUNTIME\mswin.vim ---- something in this vimfile is bad for new pie
" behave mswin ---- bad for new pie, too.

" Copy to Clipboard for Win32 Compatibility
" Copy current selet text to register |quotequote|
"vnoremap <C-c> "*y

" Cursor movement
nnoremap <Down> gj
nnoremap <Up> gk
vnoremap <Down> gj
vnoremap <Up> gk
inoremap <Down> <C-o>gj
inoremap <Up> <C-o>gk
nnoremap <End> g$
nnoremap <Home> g0
vnoremap <End> g$
vnoremap <Home> g0
inoremap <End> <C-o>g$
inoremap <Home> <C-o>g0

" Close current file window
nmap <C-F4> :confirm bd<CR>
vmap <C-F4> <ESC>:confirm bd<Enter>
omap <C-F4> <ESC>:confirm bd<Enter>
map! <C-F4> <ESC>:confirm bd<Enter>
"noremap <C-F4> <C-W>c
"inoremap <C-F4> <C-O><C-W>c
"cnoremap <C-F4> <C-C><C-W>c
"onoremap <C-F4> <C-C><C-W>c

" Move lines
nmap <C-Down> :<C-u>move .+1<CR>
nmap <C-Up> :<C-u>move .-2<CR>
imap <C-Down> <C-o>:<C-u>move .+1<CR>
imap <C-Up> <C-o>:<C-u>move .-2<CR>
vmap <C-Down> :move '>+1<CR>gv
vmap <C-Up> :move '<-2<CR>gv

" Toggle line number
nmap <C-F12> :set nu!<CR>
imap <C-F12> <C-o>:set nu!<CR>

" Toggle spell check
" For VIM7 only
nmap <C-F11> :set spell!<CR>
imap <C-F11> <C-o>:set spell!<CR>

" CTRL-Tab is Next window
"noremap <C-Tab> <C-W>w
"inoremap <C-Tab> <C-O><C-W>w
"cnoremap <C-Tab> <C-C><C-W>w
"onoremap <C-Tab> <C-C><C-W>w

" Buffer Cycling
map <C-right> <ESC>:bnext<CR>
map <C-left> <ESC>:bprevious<CR>
"NOTE:{{{
"if you want to toggle back and forth between current and previous buffer,
"then you can use CTRL-6(CTRL-o CTRL-6 if in insert mode)or
":e #
"}}}

" Open and locate a Help Window faster
map <F1> <ESC>:exec "help ".expand("<cword>")<CR>
"NOTE:{{{
"To get the word under the cursor, we use <cWORD>. The WORD part is uppercase;
"this means that all characters except white spaces (space and tab) can be
"part of the word. This is needed because VIM commands can contain special
"characters other than alphanumeric (think of if you were to look up <cWORD>).
"}}}

" Alt-Space is System menu
if has("gui")
noremap <M-Space> :simalt ~<CR>
inoremap <M-Space> <C-O>:simalt ~<CR>
cnoremap <M-Space> <C-C>:simalt ~<CR>
endif

" Navigating among multiple files, eg, editing C/C++ files
"open a new buffer, not current window, to view referenced file
map gF :tabedit <cfile><CR>
"NOTE:{{{
"if <cfile> contains white space, you can just select them, and
"then press gf in normal mode.}}}
set includeexpr=substitute(v:fname,'\\.','/','g')
"NOTE:{{{
"if <cfile> not finded
"substitute <cfile>, like this:
"java.com.http -> java/com/http.java }}}

"===================================================================
" function MyDiff
"===================================================================
set diffexpr=MyDiff()
function MyDiff() "{{{
let opt = '-a --binary '
if &diffopt =~ 'icase' | let opt = opt . '-i ' | endif
if &diffopt =~ 'iwhite' | let opt = opt . '-b ' | endif
let arg1 = v:fname_in
if arg1 =~ ' ' | let arg1 = '"' . arg1 . '"' | endif
let arg2 = v:fname_new
if arg2 =~ ' ' | let arg2 = '"' . arg2 . '"' | endif
let arg3 = v:fname_out
if arg3 =~ ' ' | let arg3 = '"' . arg3 . '"' | endif
let eq = ''
if $VIMRUNTIME =~ ' '
if &sh =~ '\<cmd'
let cmd = '""' . $VIMRUNTIME . '\diff"'
let eq = '"'
else
let cmd = substitute($VIMRUNTIME, ' ', '" ', '') . '\diff"'
endif
else
let cmd = $VIMRUNTIME . '\diff'
endif
silent execute '!' . cmd . ' ' . opt . arg1 . ' ' . arg2 . ' > ' . arg3 . eq
endfunction "}}}

"ca e tabe
"colorscheme InkPot " my favorite dark theme
"colorscheme TAqua " my favorite light theme
au GUIEnter * simalt ~x " maxmize the window when start
""from 御剑飞仙的_gvimrc

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" Tag list (ctags)
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
if MySys() == "windows" "设定windows系统中ctags程序的位置
let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd = 'ctags'
"For ctags file!
set tags+=C:/MinGW/include/ctags
set tags+=C:/MinGW/include/c++/3.4.5/stl.tags
elseif MySys() == "linux" "设定linux系统中ctags程序的位置
let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd = '/usr/bin/ctags'
"For ctags file!
set tags+=/usr/include/ctags
set tags+=/usr/include/c++/4.1.3/stl.tags
endif
let Tlist_Show_One_File = 1 "不同时显示多个文件的tag,只显示当前文件的
let Tlist_Exit_OnlyWindow = 1 "如果taglist窗口是最后一个窗口,则退出vim
let Tlist_Use_Right_Window = 1 "在右侧窗口中显示taglist窗口
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

"" Auto-indent setting For All
set autoindent " Auto-indent on
set nobackup " No backups
set noswapfile " No swap file, use memory only
set nocompatible " No compatible with VI

最后,我要说一下,我在两个操作系统下的gvimrc都是空的文件,0byte,免得两个地方修改。


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帖子发表于 : 2008-08-08 1:55 
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非常奇怪,按理说
代码:
:set showcmd

就是用来打开command line位置的输入信息提示的,楼主不妨手动试试看
在XP下的VIM输入
代码:
:set noshowcmd
应该就不能够提示了
这可能是VIM版本的问题吧
7.1或者说7.0只是大版本, 比如7.1出了330个补丁, 每多一个补丁就是多一个小版本
所以不同也是正常的 :(
我也在用8.04, 用的是CVS上下载编译的, 50%的功能和信息提示都没问题,
楼主遇到这样的问题可以试试看编译安装一个VIM
不过前提是网速要够快, 要有N多软件包要装的 :D
先把源里安装的给卸掉吧~
安装步骤:
代码:
先安装cvs
sudo apt-get install cvs

再找个地方,比如~/Build执行
代码:
cvs -z3 -d:pserver:anonymous@vim.cvs.sf.net:/cvsroot/vim checkout vim7

下载最新的VIM7.2Beta源码
这时在Build文件夹下面就会多一个vim7文件夹
这时候理论上是可以进去编译安装,不过肯定失败~呵呵,还要装一大堆编译用的包:
代码:
sudo apt-get build-dep vim-gnome

这里可能要装很久……我是校园网都等半天~~
安装完毕, 进入刚才的Build/vim7文件夹,新建一个脚本,比如InstallVim.sh
把下面的内容拷进去:
export CONF_OPT_GUI='--enable-gnome-check'
export CONF_OPT_PERL='--enable-perlinterp'
export CONF_OPT_PYTHON='--enable-pythoninterp'
export CONF_OPT_TCL='--enable-tclinterp --with-tcl=tclsh8.4'
export CONF_OPT_RUBY='--enable-rubyinterp'
export CONF_OPT_MZSCHEME='--enable-mzschemeinterp'
export CONF_OPT_CSCOPE='--enable-cscope'
export CONF_OPT_MULTIBYTE='--enable-multibyte'
export CONF_OPT_FEAT='--with-features=huge'
export CONF_OPT_COMPBY='--with-compiledby="你的名字 <你的邮箱>"'
export CONF_OPT_INPUT='--enable-xim'
export CONF_OPT_OUTPUT='--enable-fontset'
export CONF_OPT_SNIFF='--enable-sniff'

make -C src
sudo make install
对InstallVim.sh执行
代码:
sudo chmod 777 InstallVim.sh

最后执行脚本
代码:
sudo ./InstallVim.sh

就OK了,这样安装的不会在系统菜单上添加按钮
可以自己手动在面板上创建一个Launcher, 图标在:
代码:
/usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/48x48/apps
里可以找到


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帖子发表于 : 2008-08-08 23:25 

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感谢四楼的朋友ccbrighty的关注和详细的解答。

第一个问题看来就是如你说说的了——不过我暂时还没有试。

第二个问题,好像是vim在不同系统的系统下,内部编码的默认值不同。在windows下,enc默认是cp936;而ubuntu下则为utf8。而作者可能对utf8的编码中的标点符号有专门的设置——cp936下就没有。

看来,软件作者在国际化方面做的还不是很好。

对了,楼上的朋友,你知道ubuntu下的vim适合用那种输入法么?才能在normal-mode下可以正常的输入命令,而无需加按<shift>、<c-space>这样来切换。


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给一个比较接近的答案吧


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第一个问题,经过试验,看来是vim自己的问题——我把vimrc中的
set showcmd

换个位置,就好了。

至于编译后的vim7.2beta,带来的问题就更多了——我试用了几下,就删除了,只留下了源代码。

至于第二个问题,还在尝试中,看能不能调和一下编码和中文设置的矛盾。

第三个问题,中文输入,我按照楼上的办法,设置了一下,没有什么用。在返回normal-mode后,还是不能直接输入命令,得先切换。

楼上把ubuntu美化得真漂亮,简洁而美观。


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帖子发表于 : 2008-08-10 17:02 
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按照上面的做法设置之后,效果应该是按下ESC就退出中文输入模式~
这样在VIM中按下ECS切回normal-mode的同时就应该成为英文输入状态了
你说
引用:
在返回normal-mode后,还是不能直接输入命令,得先切换。

比较奇怪……
你确定Turn off设置Escape+KeyRelease了吗? :( 如果是,那…嗯…没办法了…… :(
引用:
至于编译后的vim7.2beta,带来的问题就更多了——我试用了几下,就删除了,只留下了源代码。

现在VIM出了7.2稳定版了~可以按照上面的方法编译,不过等两天估计源也会更新了。
主题是在http://gnome-look.org/选的,呵呵


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