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 文章标题 : SkypeHowto
帖子发表于 : 2005-08-03 14:29 

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SkypeHowto

Skype is a proprietary peer-to-peer internet telephony (VoIP) network that offers a free, closed-source client application for Linux.

See [WWW] http://www.skype.com for more information.

Skype is unsupported by Ubuntu, and is made available through an official repository hosted by Skype Technologies. It is currently somewhat unstable in Ubuntu due to issues with the Enlightened Sound Daemon (ESD) and audio mixing, described in the Audio troubleshooting section below.
Installing Skype
Add repository

Skype offers an official package repository for users of Debian and Ubuntu. To add this repository, launch the Synaptic Package Manager from the System/Administration menu. Access the Repositories configuration from the Settings menu and press Add. Press Custom and enter deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free into the APT line field. Press Add Repository and OK. Synaptic will now download the new package information.
Installing Skype

Search for Skype in the Synaptic Package Manager, select it for installation, and press Apply to install the package.
Installing dependencies

The package offered by Skype does not list an important KDE package as a dependency, and will not function if it is not installed. Search for libqt3c102-mt in the Synaptic Package Manager and select it for installation if it is not already installed. You will also want to search for and install the kcontrol package in order to configure the appearance of Skype which, by default, uses a very large typeface. Press Apply to have these selected packages installed.

You can also use the qt3-qtconfig package to configure QT's appearance, which has fare less dependencies than kcontrol (none, in fact).
Display configuration

Because Skype is a KDE application and KDE has not been configured for most Ubuntu users, Skype's typeface will appear very large. If you installed the kcontrol package as suggested above, you may now run it by entering kcontrol into the Applications/Run Application... prompt. Expand the Appearance & Themes menu and select Fonts. Press Adjust All Fonts and select Size. Lower this value to your preference (size 10 or 11 is usually satisfactory). Press OK and Apply and exit the KDE Control Center.

kcontrol.png
Running Skype

You may run Skype from the launcher installed to the Applications/Internet menu. After signing up if neccessary and logging in to your Skype account, test your configuration by choosing Tools/Add a Contact... and adding the echo123 user to your list. From the Contacts tab, dial this test service by selecting the Echo / Sound Test Service contact and pressing the large, green dial button. If you are able to hear a voice, then your sound configuration is successful. If not, you will need to configure your audio settings as documented below. At this point, Skype may be unresponsive. This is an indication that the ESD sound server is the cause of the problem and you should address the issue as documented below. If this is the case, attempt to close the Skype window and wait for the force-quit dialogue to appear.
Audio troubleshooting
Volume & levels

First ensure that your audio output and microphone input channels are not muted by selecting Volume Control from the Applications/Sound & Video menu. You may test that output is working with the Sound configuration applet in the System/Preferences menu. You may test that microphone input is working with the Sound Recorder application in the Applications/Sound & Video menu.
Skype audio device

If your audio levels are properly configured and you can hear audio in Skype, but your contacts cannot hear your input, you may need to change Skype's input device. Choose Tools/Options... and select Hand/Headsets. Experiment with different Calls selections, if they are available.
ESD configuration

A problem with the ESD (Enlightened Sound Daemon) server may cause issues with Skype for some users. If Skype is unable to make or recieve calls and continuously crashes, then a small change to the ESD configuration may help. Run:

sudo gedit /etc/esound/esd.conf

and change the line:

auto_spawn=0

to:

auto_spawn=1

Log out and back in to restart ESD, and test Skype again as above. It is likely that this solution will only work if Skype is the only application using audio. You will not be able to play music while using Skype, and you will not be able to use Skype while playing music.

If skype audio still doesn't work, than simply turn off sound daemon while using skype. Other sounds will not work while you use skype.

esdctl off
skype
esdctl on

This is a sound mixing issue that may be fixed in the next version of Ubuntu (Breezy Badger).

(2005-07-29 08:43:58由Hrvoje编辑)
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/SkypeHowto/


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帖子发表于 : 2005-08-08 15:23 

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2005-08-08 认领
已经翻译

有错误 有些语法不 知道~
大家 多 讨论~


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最后由 fanren 编辑于 2005-08-08 18:41,总共编辑了 1 次

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SkypeHowto
\\\\
Skype指南
////

Skype is a proprietary peer-to-peer internet telephony (VoIP) network that offers a free,

closed-source client application for Linux.
\\\\
Skype是LINUX下采用因特网电话技术(VoIP)的免费非开源的个人客户端程序
////

See [WWW] http://www.skype.com for more information.
\\\\
需要了解更多的关于skype的信息请访问:http://www.skype.com
////

Skype is unsupported by Ubuntu, and is made available through an official repository hosted

by Skype Technologies. It is currently somewhat unstable in Ubuntu due to issues with the

Enlightened Sound Daemon (ESD) and audio mixing, described in the Audio troubleshooting

section below.
\\\\
skype不支持在ubuntu下使用,正被通过官方的skype技术制作,使其可以使用.音效增强后台程序和音频混

合在ubuntu下使用时普遍不稳定,在以下的音频问题处理部分有描述.
////

Installing Skype
Add repository
\\\\
安装Skype
增加资源(软件源)
////

Skype offers an official package repository for users of Debian and Ubuntu. To add this

repository, launch the Synaptic Package Manager from the System/Administration menu. Access

the Repositories configuration from the Settings menu and press Add. Press Custom and enter

deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free into the APT line field.

Press Add Repository and OK. Synaptic will now download the new package information.
\\\\
Skype为Debian和ubuntu的使用者提供官方的资源包(软件源).要增加这些资源(软件源),先从 系统/管理

菜单 启动Synaptic资源(软件源)管理器.然后通过资源(软件源)配置选项(打开设置菜单,然后按增加,再

按自定义然后输入http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free 到APT行,然后按

增加源 再 OK .Synaptic 会开始下载新的软件包的信息.
////


Installing Skype
Search for Skype in the Synaptic Package Manager, select it for installation, and press

Apply to install the package.
\\\\
安装Skype
在Synaptiv软件包管理器中寻找出Skype,然后选择并安装,按apply开始安装软件包.
////

Installing dependencies
The package offered by Skype does not list an important KDE package as a dependency, and

will not function if it is not installed. Search for libqt3c102-mt in the Synaptic Package

Manager and select it for installation if it is not already installed. You will also want to

search for and install the kcontrol package in order to configure the appearance of Skype

which, by default, uses a very large typeface. Press Apply to have these selected packages

installed.
\\\\
安装依赖所需包
Skype提供的这个包没有在依赖列表里列出一个重要的KDE包,并且不安装他将会使软件无法运行.如果你没

有安装libqt3c102-mt,请在Synaptic软件包管理器中寻找出libqt3c102-mt并安装.如果你想为了能配置

Skype的依赖而寻找并安装kcontrol包,默认情况下,用一个很大的字体,按应用以拥有这些已经选择这些已

经安装的包
////

You can also use the qt3-qtconfig package to configure QT's appearance, which has fare less

dependencies than kcontrol (none, in fact).
\\\\
你也可以用 qt3-qtconfig 这个比kcontrol耗费较少的资源包(事实上没有)去配置QT的出现.
////

Display configuration
Because Skype is a KDE application and KDE has not been configured for most Ubuntu users,

Skype's typeface will appear very large. If you installed the kcontrol package as suggested

above, you may now run it by entering kcontrol into the Applications/Run Application...

prompt. Expand the Appearance & Themes menu and select Fonts. Press Adjust All Fonts and

select Size. Lower this value to your preference (size 10 or 11 is usually satisfactory).

Press OK and Apply and exit the KDE Control Center.
\\\\
列出配置
由于Skype 是通过KDE显示的,而且KDE并没有为大多数Ubuntu用户做优化配置,Skype的字体会非常大.如果

你接受建议安装了kcontrol资源包,你可能现在需要在Applications/Run Application...的提示里输入

kcontrol来运行它.展开Appearance & Themes菜单,然后选择字体.按调整全部字体并选择大小.根据你的

具体情况降低这个值(大小一般为10或者11就可以了).
按OK和apply然后退出KDE控制中心.
图示如下:
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/SkypeHowto?acti ... ontrol.png
////
图片

Running Skype
\\\\
运行Skype
////

You may run Skype from the launcher installed to the Applications/Internet menu. After

signing up if neccessary and logging in to your Skype account, test your configuration by

choosing Tools/Add a Contact... and adding the echo123 user to your list. From the Contacts

tab, dial this test service by selecting the Echo / Sound Test Service contact and pressing

the large, green dial button. If you are able to hear a voice, then your sound configuration

is successful. If not, you will need to configure your audio settings as documented below.

At this point, Skype may be unresponsive. This is an indication that the ESD sound server is

the cause of the problem and you should address the issue as documented below. If this is

the case, attempt to close the Skype window and wait for the force-quit dialogue to appear.
\\\\
你可能需要从Applications/Internet的安装位置中运行Skype.注册帐号后登入你的Skype帐号,然后测试

你的配置:选择Tools/Add a Contact...(工具/增加一个联系人),然后增加用户echo123到你的好友列表,

在联系人窗口,通过选择Echo / Sound Test Service染后按兰色的大的呼叫按钮,开始这个测试服务.如果

你已经能听到声音了,那么你的声音配置已经成功了.如果没有,你将需要参照下面的文档来配置你的声卡

设置.在这里,Skype可能是无法回复的.这是由于ESD声音服务已经因为这个问题而暂停,并且你需要想下面

的文档一样帖出原因.如果是这个问题,尝试关闭Skype窗口并且等待force-quit窗口出现.
////

Audio troubleshooting
Volume & levels
First ensure that your audio output and microphone input channels are not muted by selecting

Volume Control from the Applications/Sound & Video menu. You may test that output is working

with the Sound configuration applet in the System/Preferences menu. You may test that

microphone input is working with the Sound Recorder application in the Applications/Sound &

Video menu.
\\\\
音频问题处理
声音和音量
首先通过Applications/Sound & Video在选择声音大小的控制台里确认你的音频输出和麦克风输入通道是

否在静音状态.你应该到系统/参数里看下你的输出是否正工作在声音配置面版的配置下.你可能需要进入

系统/声音和视频菜单 测试你的麦克风输入是否在录音机下运行.
////

Skype audio device

If your audio levels are properly configured and you can hear audio in Skype, but your

contacts cannot hear your input, you may need to change Skype's input device. Choose

Tools/Options... and select Hand/Headsets. Experiment with different Calls selections, if

they are available.
ESD configuration
\\\\
Skype音频设备


如果你的声音设置已经正确配置,并且你可以在Skype里听见声音,但是你的联系人不能听见你的声音,你可

能需要改变你的Skype输入设备,选择 Tools/Options...,然后选择 Hand/Headsets.测试不同的可用选项.
////

A problem with the ESD (Enlightened Sound Daemon) server may cause issues with Skype for

some users. If Skype is unable to make or recieve calls and continuously crashes, then a

small change to the ESD configuration may help. Run:
\\\\
一个ESD(Enlightened Sound Daemon)服务的问题可能会导致某些用户的Skype无法使用.如果Skype无法接

受或者创建呼叫,以下的配置命令可能对你有用.
////
sudo gedit /etc/esound/esd.conf

and change the line:
\\\\
并且改变下面那行
////

auto_spawn=0

to:
\\\\
为:
////

auto_spawn=1

Log out and back in to restart ESD, and test Skype again as above. It is likely that this

solution will only work if Skype is the only application using audio. You will not be able

to play music while using Skype, and you will not be able to use Skype while playing music.

If skype audio still doesn't work, than simply turn off sound daemon while using skype.

Other sounds will not work while you use skype.
\\\\
注销并且重启ESD,重复上面的步骤测试Skype.似乎这个解决方案只能工作在Skype是唯一请求使用音频的

时候.你将不能在使用Skype的时候听音乐,而且你在听音乐的时候将不能使用skype.
如果Skype音频仍旧没有工作,再在使用Skype的时候关闭声音控制程序.当你使用skype的时候其他声音将

不再有效.
////

esdctl off
skype
esdctl on

This is a sound mixing issue that may be fixed in the next version of Ubuntu (Breezy

Badger).
这个声音问题将会在下个UBUNTU版本里修复.
官方页面:
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/SkypeHowto/


_________________
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Ubuntu 5.04 + Windows 2K
PIII 600 + 192sdram + NVIDIA TNT2 64 32M


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帖子发表于 : 2005-08-22 21:18 
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http://www.ubuntu.org.cn/support/docume ... howto_view


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帖子发表于 : 2005-08-25 11:02 
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Skype is unsupported by Ubuntu, and is made available through an official repository hosted by Skype Technologies.
(原译文:skype不支持在ubuntu下使用,正被通过官方的skype技术制作,使其可以使用.)

Skype 不是由Ubuntu提供支持的,Skype Technologies公司通过自己官方的资源提供它的可用性。


最后由 catinsnow 编辑于 2005-08-25 11:43,总共编辑了 1 次

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You may run Skype from the launcher installed to the Applications/Internet menu.
(原译文:你可能需要从Applications/Internet的安装位置中运行Skype.)

你可以通过Applications/Internet菜单下的快捷方式来运行Skype。


...At this point, Skype may be unresponsive. This is an indication that the ESD sound server is the cause of the problem and you should address the issue as documented below.
(原译文:在这里,Skype可能是无法回复的.这是由于ESD声音服务已经因为这个问题而暂停,并且你需要想下面的文档一样帖出原因.)

...此时Skype可能失去响应,有迹象表明ESD声音服务是导致这个问题的原因,你可以参照下面的文档来解决它。


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帖子发表于 : 2005-09-03 19:05 
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版主看一下吧。


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帖子发表于 : 2005-09-03 19:18 
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来了,来了,已经修正。谢谢。


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帖子发表于 : 2006-03-25 9:52 

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已经搞定啦


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