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 文章标题 : [问题]xp下硬盘安装ubuntu后,诸多问题求解!
帖子发表于 : 2008-06-26 1:34 

注册: 2008-06-24 19:15
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大家好,第一次到这里,也是第一次在这里“发帖求解”,希望大家可以帮助下,谢谢!
描述1:
我对ubuntu开始好奇了,然后听说wubi可以安装。变安装了.
ubuntu8.04,xp sp3 ,磁碟格式C系统D软体E媒体F游戏/ntfs,G/FAT32备份,安装在E下,划区5G
安装完成后,都可以正常加载!但是出现问题
1)我电脑配置不怎么好,主板集成via compatabal fast ethernet adapter网卡
Ubuntu 说:它没有专有驱动。我放入主板驱动光盘,发现里面有linux用的的驱动。不会安装。虽然看了英文文档(帖子后面附上)。便跳回xp.xp可以正常加载,可是“本地连接”消失.不能sdsl拨号上网了。重启几次依旧!我狠心重装了xp。
2)后来看到了增强版,好像就是从这个论坛释出的。便又安装了,结果还是一样!
3)用了硬盘安装,安装在原来的g盘,这次是删了G再安装的,用到了GrubForDos,s虽然我在grup引导选择的时候很小心的选择了windows xp还是出现了在grup启动windows xp的死循环。
因为我安装不来驱动,没法上网,所以就重新安装了xp。
4)我期间有用ghost11把整个c盘备份,可是恢复后还是无法上网,丢了本地连接!看”设备管理器“,网卡被”隐藏“驱动正常。我的网卡驱动是xp自己安装的,不要主板驱动盘?
.................第3天,
N)我又安装了xp,并修改boot.ini可以加载ubuntu(我是从那个用wubi安装时的boot变化推出来的,后来竟然可以引导,是现在windows下引导,然后又到grup下了)。
仍然有点小问题,好像我从ubuntu里面退出来进windows就会消失本地连接,刚刚又是,我重启后又可以了。期间我的adsl猫一直是开启的。

问题:
1>为什么我用wubi安装ubuntu后会使xp得网络本地连接消失?看”设备管理器“,网卡被”隐藏“驱动正常。我的网卡驱动是xp自己安装的,不要主板驱动盘?
2>为什么我正常安装后,windows出现引导死循?
3>我在第n次安装后为什么进入ubuntu后再到xp就无法上网,丢本地连接?
4>这个驱动该怎么安装?好像ubuntu里的root权限得通过su获得,可是获得了还是没法在图形界面在/lib下粘贴!
5>网络配置该怎么做?
以上就是我的问题,我真的是无法自己解决,谢谢大家了。以后我一定努力学习,大家今天教的我一定好好学习!
谢谢大家了!
以下是驱动的英文文档:
其中:
我的ubuntu里面没有mtool,也没法安装。下面的英文安装程式是不是有点欠妥?谢谢大家,谢谢!

VIA Rhine Family Fast Ethernet Adapter
**
** Linux Driver
**
** v5.04 Aug. 2005
**
**


Introduction:
=============

The instructions listed below are for linux driver installation. You must
compile the source code to generate rhinefet.o(rhinefet.ko in 2.6.x kernel,
please remember to replace rhinefet.o with rhinefet.ko in the following
sentences if you are using 2.6.x kernel) and use insmod command to insert
rhinefet.o as module.


Contents of the Subdirectory:
=============================

linux.txt This file.
Makefile Makefile for generating driver object file
rhine_maic.c The linux core driver source code file
rhine_proc.c The source to create proc entries
rhine_wol.c The WOL supporting source file
rhine.h The extended driver header file
rhine_proc.h The header file for proc entries
rhine_wol.h The WOL supporting header file
rhine_cfg.h The general and basic info header file
kcompat.h The header file for Linux kernel version
compatibility.
osdep.h OS depended function and macro defined
rhine_hw.h Rhine series MAC register supporting header file
rhine_hw.c shared function for accessing and configurating Rhine series MAC

Kernel Supported
================
This driver supports linux kernel version 2.2.x, 2.4.x and 2.6.x now.

CPU Supported
=============
This driver supports x86 and AMD64 based linux system.

Installation
============
Please enter the following commands at the UNIX prompt. Remember, UNIX is
case sensitive.

1) Create a temporary directory:
mkdir /temp

2) Change to the temporary directory:
cd /temp

3) Copy driver (rhinefet.tgz) from DOS disk, (mcopy below is one tool in
mtools, if you didn't install mtools, you can type
'mount -t msdos /dev/fd0 /mnt' and use 'cp /mnt/rhinefet.tgz /temp'
command to copy the driver to the temporary directory):
mcopy a:rhinefet.tgz .

4) untar the archive file:
tar xzvf rhinefet.tgz
cd rhinefet

5) Compile the driver source files and it will generate rhinefet.o, and
copy it to correct driver installation path (The installation directory
is different in different kernel versions. In 2.4.x/2.6.x kernel, the path
is /lib/modules/KERNEL_VERSION/kernel/drivers/net/, and in 2.2.x kernel,
the path is /lib/modules/KERNEL_VERSION/net/, the KERNEL_VERSION (see
above) means the kernel version of your Linux distribution. If you don't
know your kernel version , please run 'uname -r' command in command
line. The kernel version will look like '2.2.16', '2.4.2-2smp' etc.) :
make install

6) Check configuration file (/etc/modules.conf or /etc/conf.modules or
/etc/modprobe.conf, it depends on your Linux distribution) for loading
kernel modules. Make sure the first line below is appeared in the
configuration file, where # is the interface number (eg: alias eth0
rhinefet). If you need to set the driver options, below second line is
an example to set the NIC to 100Mbps fullduplex mode (remember to unmark
the line if it is put in the configuration file).
alias eth# rhinefet
#options eth# speed_duplex=2

7) Reboot now:
shutdown -r now

8) Install your driver module (If the driver module is in the wrong place,
an error message will appear, and say that can't find the driver
module):
insmod rhinefet.o

9) Use ifconfig command to assign the IP address, where # is network
interface number:
ifconfig eth# <IP>

10) Check the interface works:
ping <remote_host_IP>

Remove intermediate files
=========================
Please enter the following command to remove intermediate files generated
during the driver compilation:
make clean

Uninstallation
==============
Please enter the following command to uninstall your driver:
make uninstall

Bind the driver into kernel
===========================
In some applications (e.g. embedded OS), driver should be bound into the
kernel. The module installation/uninstallation describled in the above
sections are not appropriate. Below is the steps for binding driver in
kernel 2.4.x as an example:

1) Create a temporary directory:
mkdir /temp

2) Change to the temporary directory:
cd /temp

3) Copy driver (rhinefet.tgz) from DOS disk, (mcopy below is one tool in
mtools, if you didn't install mtools, you can type
'mount -t msdos /dev/fd0 /mnt' and use 'cp /mnt/rhinefet.tgz /temp'
command to copy the driver to the temporary directory):
mcopy a:rhinefet.tgz .

4) untar the archive file:
tar xzvf rhinefet.tgz

5) Change to the kernel source directory:
cd /usr/src/<kernel source>/driver/net

6) Create a directory for rhine family adapter driver and change to it:
mkdir rhinefet
cd rhinefet

7) Copy driver source form temporary directory to it:
cp /temp/rhinefet/* .

8) Replace the default Makefile with new Makefile with below 4 line content
(the Makefile used for driver binding into kernel is different with
the default one).
O_TARGET := rhinefet.o
obj-y := rhine_main.o rhine_proc.o rhine_wol.o rhine_hw.o
obj-m := $(O_TARGET)
include $(TOPDIR)/Rules.make

9) Add the rhinefet information to /usr/src/<kernel source>/drivers/net/Makefile:
(add the lines with # in the head)
...
...
subdir-$(CONFIG_E100) += e100
#subdir-$(CONFIG_RHINEFET) += rhinefet
...
...
ifeq ($(CONFIG_E100),y)
obj-y += e100/e100.o
endif
#ifeq ($(CONFIG_RHINEFET),y)
# obj-y += rhinefet/rhinefet.o
#endif

10) Add the rhinefet information to /usr/src/<kernel source>/drivers/net/Config.in:
(add the lines with # in the head)
...
...
mainmenu_option next_comment
comment 'Ethernet (10 or 100Mbit)'
bool 'Ethernet (10 or 100Mbit)' CONFIG_NET_ETHERNET
...
...
#dep_tristate ' VIA Rhine Family Fast Ethernet Adapter support' CONFIG_RHINEFET $CONFIG_PCI
...
...
endmenu

11) Now, when you use following command, make menuconfig or make xconfig,
you will find a new device in 'Network device support'->'Ethernet(10 or 100Mbits)'.
Its name is 'VIA Rhine Family Fast Ethernet Adapter support'.

Note
====
1) Make sure the link file /usr/src/linux (or /usr/src/linux-2.4) is linked
to correctly kernel sources directory (eg: if you run 'uname -r', it
appears "2.4.2-2", then the link file must be linked to
/usr/src/linux-2.4.2 directory, or you will fail in compiling),
and make sure there are kernel header files in /usr/src/linux/include
directory (or /usr/src/linux-2.4/include), we need kernel header files
in compling.

2) If you can't install driver in SUSE Linux using insmod or modprobe
commands, and error messages appear (see below), please run 'uname -r'
in command line. And make sure the result of 'uname -r' (eg: 2.4.2-4GB)
is the same with the definition of UTS_RELEASE in
/usr/src/linux/include/linux/version.h. If not, please modify the
definition of UTS_RELEASE in /usr/src/linux/include/linux/version.h.

rhinefet.o: kernel-module version mismatch
rhinefet.o was compiled for kernel version 2.4.2
while this kernel is version 2.4.2-4GB.

3) Make sure that your kernel is built with network, fast_ethernet
and module support. Otherwise, you have to rebuild your kernel (see
below).
1. Go to /usr/src/linux (or /usr/src/linux-2.4) directory:
cd /usr/src/linux
2: Run 'make menuconfig' or 'make config' in text mode, or 'make
xconfig' in graphic mode.
3: Mark the options list above.
4: Exit and rebuild your kernel:
make dep;make clean;make bzImage
The file 'bzImage' will be at /usr/src/linux/arch/i386/boot/bzImage
5: Modify /etc/lilo.conf.(this file specifies where kernel image is)
6: Run 'lilo'
7: Reboot, and select the correct kernel image to boot your system.

4) You can use the utility (like netconfig, linuxconf) in your Linux
distribution to set your network parameters(like ip,gateway). These
parameters will be used at boot time. The following is the demonstration
to show how to use linuxconf (it's a utitlity in RedHat Linux 6.x) set
the network paramters.
1. Run linuxconf:
linuxconf
2. Enter setting in the Config/Networking/Client tasks/Basic host information/
and fill out the following information. Where 'xxx' is the IP address
what you have.
IP address: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
Netmask: 255.255.255.xxx
Net device: eth0
Kernel module: rhinefet

5) If you can't install driver at boot time.
If you can install your driver using insmod command, but you can't
install it at boot time, please check whether the driver is in the
correct directory (eg: /lib/modules/2.2.XXX/net/), and check the
/lib/modules/2.2.XXX/modules.dep file, it must include the following
line:
/lib/modules/2.2.XXX/net/rhinefet.o:

You can insert this line using depmod command or insert it manually.
Also, you must consult your Linux distribution installation guide
and learn how to set the IP address of your network interface and
up it at boot time.

6) If you can't compile this driver, and parse error messages appear,
please make sure your source code text format is right. You must convert
your source code text format from MS-DOS to UNIX, as show below (see
Solution 1 and 2).
Make sure the files in floppy disk are not rhinefet.tgz file. They must
be the source code text files (5 files), rhinefet.tgz is not a text file
, so it can't be converted.

Solution1:
If you use mcopy command to copy your driver from floppy disk to
linux, you can type:
mcopy -t a:\* .
then it will convert the format for you.

Solution2:
If you use mount command to mount floppy disk to linux, you can
type:
mount -t vfat -o conv=t /dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy
then, when you copy files from /mnt/floppy, these files format will
be right.

Module Parameter:
=================
The following parameters can be set when we install the driver module. You can
add this parameters when you execute 'insmod' or 'modprobe' command to install
the driver (as below).
insmod rhinefet.o parameter=value1,value2,value3,...
For example, if you have 3 NIC cards, and you want to set the speed_duplex
paramter value of them. You can type the following command to set it.
insmod rhinefet.o speed_duplex=1,2,3
Then, the parameter value of first card will be 1 (100Mbps half duplex mode),
the second card will be 2 (100Mbps full duplex mode), and the third card will
be 3 (10Mbps half duplex mode). Remember, our driver only support 8 cards
parameter setting.

1) speed_duplex
speed_duplex[] is used for setting the speed and duplex mode of NIC.
Value:
0: indicate autonegotiation for both speed and duplex mode (Default).
1: indicate 100Mbps half duplex mode
2: indicate 100Mbps full duplex mode
3: indicate 10Mbps half duplex mode
4: indicate 10Mbps full duplex mode

2) RxDescriptors
RxDescriptors[] is used for setting the number of receive descriptors.
Value:
64-128 (Default value: 64)

3) TxDescriptors
TxDescriptors[] is used for setting the number of transmit descriptors.
Value:
16-128 (Default value: 64)

4) enable_tagging (For management adapter only)
enable_tagging[] is used for enabling VLAN ID setting and enabling
priority transmit.
Value:
0: disable VID setting and priority transmit (Default).
1: enable VID setting and priority transmit.

5) VID_setting (For management adapter only)
VID_setting[] is used for setting the VLAN ID of NIC.
Value:
0: default VID.
1-4094: other VIDs.

6) rxcsum_offload (For management adapter only)
rxcsum_offload[] is used for setting the receive checksum offload ability
of NIC.
Value:
0: disable
1: enable (default)

7) txcsum_offload (For management adapter only)
txcsum_offload[] is used for setting the transmit checksum offload ability
of NIC.
Value:
0: disable (default)
1: enable

9) flow_control
flow_control[] is used for setting the flow control ability of NIC. Only
option 1(default) set flow control ability according to the auto-negotiation
result. Option 2, 3 are the forced flow control mode and they don't see the
auto-negotiation result.
Value:
1: hardware deafult (Default). Don't change the hardware register value
in MII ANAR.
2: disable flow control.
3: enable flow control.

10) IP_byte_align
IP_byte_align[] is used for IP header DWORD byte aligned (For IPVS environment).
(In some enviroment, the IP header should be DWORD byte aligned,or the packet
will be droped when we receive it. (eg: IPVS))
Value:
0: indicate the IP header won't be DWORD byte aligned (Default).
1: indicate the IP header will be DWORD byte aligned.

11) ValPktLen
ValPktLen[] is used for controlling driver to receive or drop
the frame with invalid layer 2 length.
Value:
0: Receive frame with invalid layer 2 length.
1: Drop frame with invalid layer 2 length.

12) wol_opts
wol_opts[] is used for controlling wake on lan behavior of NIC.
0: Wake up if recevied a magic packet. (Default)
1: Wake up if link status is on/off.
2: Wake up if recevied an arp packet.
4: Wake up if recevied any unicast packet.
Those value can be sumed up to support more than one option.


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 文章标题 :
帖子发表于 : 2008-06-26 16:10 

注册: 2008-06-24 19:15
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怎么没有人帮着解决呢?麻烦是么?


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 文章标题 : 菜鸟来看看
帖子发表于 : 2008-06-26 16:27 
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注册: 2008-03-05 12:31
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地址: 示爱须唱山歌
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D软体----LZ哪里人士?
5G空间太少了,起码也得10G吧
wubi会有很多问题,不推荐
多搜索
先学习/再动手
http://wiki.ubuntu.org.cn/Qref/Hardy


_________________
六十学裁缝,晚否......


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