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 文章标题 : ubuntu 安装只能看到整块硬盘
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-29 16:16 

注册: 2009-08-29 16:07
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sorry i am in livecd and cant type chinese
i want to install ubuntu desktop to disk-e, but 安装只能看到整块硬盘
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0xf0b1ebb0

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 2973 23880591 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2 2974 9729 54267570 f W95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/sda5 2974 7976 40186566 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda6 7429 9729 18480357+ 7 HPFS/NTFS

ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo parted /dev/sda print
Error: Can't have overlapping partitions.

ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ cd ~/Desktop && wget 'http://home.comcast.net/~ubuntu_grub/boot_info_script.txt' && sudo bash boot_info_script.txt
--2009-08-29 08:00:17-- http://home.comcast.net/~ubuntu_grub/bo ... script.txt
Resolving home.comcast.net... 216.87.188.9


boot_info_script.txt

#!/bin/bash
#to use this script:
#
#sudo bash boot_info_script_024.sh
#
#date 1/31/09
#authors meierfra. and caljohnsmith
#version 0.24
#
#Looks at all MBRs and identifies the boot loader.
# For Grub and Supergrub: displays the controlling partition.
# If the MBR is unknown, displays the whole MBR.
#Looks at all partitions:
# Determines their type
# Identifies their boot sectors.
# For grub: displays the controlling partition and the offset
# of the stage2 file as recorded in the boot sector.
# For NTFS and Fat, examines the Boot Parameter Block for errors.
# Identifies the operating system
# Lists boot programs.
# Displays the partition table
# Displays "blkid -c /dev/null"
# Finds boot directories and displays their contents.
# Looks in "/" and "NST" for bootpart codes and displays the offset
# and boot drive it is trying to chainload
# Looks on "/" and "/NST" for stage1 files and displays the offset
# and bootdrive of the stage 2 files is trying to chainload.
# displays boot configuration files.
#All information is written to the file "RESULTS.txt" in the
# same folder as the script

###### check whether user is root
if [ $(whoami) != "root" ];
then
echo Please use \"sudo\" or become \"root\" to run this script. >&2;
exit 1;
fi;

######## List of folders which might contained files used for chainloading
Boot_Codes_Dir="
/
/NST/
"
################# List of folders whose content will be displayed
################# Since all the important files in these folder are alreadt displayed
################# it doesn't seem necessary to display the contents of these folders.
#Boot_Dir="
# /Boot
# /boot
# /BOOT
# /boot/grub
# /grub
# /ubuntu/disks
# /ubuntu/disks/boot/
# /ubuntu/disks/boot/grub
# /ubuntu/disks/install/boot
# /ubuntu/disks/boot/grub
# /NST
# "


############## List of files whose names will be displayed (if they exists)
Boot_Prog="
/bootmgr /BOOTMGR
/boot/bcd /BOOT/bcd /Boot/bcd /boot/BCD /BOOT/BCD /Boot/BCD
/grldr /GRLDR
/ntldr /NTLDR
/NTDETECT.COM /ntdetect.com
/NTBOOTDD.SYS /ntbootdd.sys
/wubildr.mbr /ubuntu/winboot/wubildr.mbr
/ubuntu/disks/root.disk
/ubuntu/disks/
/ubunut/disks/swap.disk
/core.img /grub/core.img /boot/grub/core.img
/boot/map /map
/DEFAULT.MNU /default.mnu
"

############### List of files whose contents will be displayed.
Boot_Files="
/boot/grub/menu.lst /grub/menu.lst /NST/menu.lst /menu.lst
/grub.cfg /grub/grub.cfg /boot/grub/grub.cfg
/ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/disks/install/boot/grub/menu.lst /ubuntu/winboot/menu.lst
/boot/grub/grub.conf /grub/grub.conf /grub.conf
/boot.ini
/etc/fstab
/etc/lilo.conf /lilo.conf
"

############### List of files whose end point (in GB) will be displayed.
GrubError18_Files="
boot/grub/menu.lst grub/menu.lst menu.lst /NST/menu.lst
ubuntu/disks/boot/grub/menu.lst
boot/grub/grub.conf grub/grub.conf grub.conf
grub.cfg grub/grub.cfg boot/grub/grub.cfg
boot/grub/stage2 grub/stage2 stage2
boot/vmlinuz* vmlinuz* ubuntu/disks/boot/vmlinuz*
boot/initrd* initrd* ubuntu/disks/boot/initrd*
"


####### Directory containing the script.

Dir=$(cd $(dirname $0);pwd);

######## To avoid overwriting existing files, look for a non-existing file
######## RESULT.txt RESULTS1.txt RESULTS2.txt ...

LogFile=$Dir/RESULTS
while ( [ -e $LogFile$j.txt ] )
do
((j++))
wait;
done
LogFile=$LogFile$j.txt #### The RESULTS file.

###### Redirect stdout to RESULT File
exec 6>&1
exec >$LogFile

########### Create previously non-existing folder of the form
########## /tmp/BootInfo /tmp/BootInfo1, /tmp/BootInfo2 ...

Folder=/tmp/BootInfo
while (! mkdir $Folder$i 2>/dev/null)
do
((i++))
wait;
done
Folder=$Folder$i

cd $Folder

Log1=$Folder/Log1 # Most of the information which is not part of
#the summary is recorded in this file.
Error_Log=$Folder/Error_Log # File to catch all unusal Standar Errors
Trash=$Folder/Trash # File to catch all usual Standard Errors
#these messagges will not be included in the RESULTS
Mount_Error=$Folder/Mount_Error # File to catch Mounting Errors
Unknown_MBR=$Folder/Unknown_MBR # File to record all unknown MBR and Boot sectors.
Tmp_Log=$Folder/Tmp_Log # File to temporarily hold some information.
PartitionTable=$Folder/PT # File to store the Partition Table
FakeHardDrives=$Folder/FakeHD # File to list devices which seem to have correspinding drives.
exec 2>$Error_Log #Redirect all standard error to the file Error_Log

All_Hard_Drives=$(ls /dev/hd? /dev/sd? 2>>$Trash ); ### List of all Hard drives.

####Arrays to informattion about Partition hold the name, starting sector, ending sector, size in sector, Partition Type, Filesystem typw, UUID, Kind( Logical, Primary Extended), Hardrive, boot flag of the paritions.

declare -a NamesArray StartArray EndArray SizeArray TypeArray FileArray UUIDArray KindArray DriveArray BootArray ParentArray LabelArray SystemArray


#####Arrays to hold information about the hardrives.
declare -a HDName FirstPartion LastPartition HDSize HDMBR HDHead HDTrack HDCylinder HDPT HDStart DEnd HDUUID;

PI=-1 ## Counter for the identification number of a partition. (each partition gets unique number)
HI=0 ## Counter for the identification number of a hard drive. (each hardrive gets unique number)
PTFormat='%-10s %4s%14s%14s%14s %3s %s\n'; ### standard format to use for Partition table,



##### A function which converts to two digit hexcode of a partition type
#function HexToSystem() {
#echo $(sfdisk -T 2>>$Trash | grep -e '^[ ]*'$1' ' | sed 's/[ ]*[^ ]* //')
#}
function HexToSystem() {
local type=$1 system
case $type in
0) system="Empty";;
1) system="FAT12";;
2) system="XENIX root";;
3) system="XENIX usr";;
4) system="FAT16 <32M";;
5) system="Extended";;
6) system="FAT16";;
7) system="HPFS/NTFS";;
8) system="AIX";;
9) system="AIX bootable";;
a) system="OS/2 Boot Manager";;
b) system="W95 FAT32";;
c) system="W95 FAT32 (LBA)";;
e) system="W95 FAT16 (LBA)";;
f) system="W95 Ext d (LBA)";;
10) system="OPUS";;
11) system="Hidden FAT12";;
12) system="Compaq diagnostics";;
14) system="Hidden FAT16 <32M";;
16) system="Hidden FAT16";;
17) system="Hidden HPFS/NTFS";;
18) system="AST SmartSleep";;
1b) system="Hidden W95 FAT32";;
1c) system="Hidden W95 FAT32 (LBA)";;
1e) system="Hidden W95 FAT16 (LBA)";;
24) system="NEC DOS";;
39) system="Plan 9";;
3c) system="PartitionMagic recovery";;
40) system="Venix 80286";;
41) system="PPC PReP Boot";;
42) system="SFS";;
4d) system="QNX4.x";;
4e) system="QNX4.x 2nd part";;
4f) system="QNX4.x 3rd part";;
50) system="OnTrack DM";;
51) system="OnTrack DM6 Aux1";;
52) system="CP/M";;
53) system="OnTrack DM6 Aux3";;
54) system="OnTrackDM6";;
55) system="EZ-Drive";;
56) system="Golden Bow";;
5c) system="Priam Edisk";;
61) system="SpeedStor";;
63) system="GNU HURD or SysV";;
64) system="Novell Netware 286";;
65) system="Novell Netware 386";;
70) system="DiskSecure Multi-Boot";;
75) system="PC/IX";;
80) system="Old Minix";;
81) system="Minix / old Linux";;
82) system="Linux swap / Solaris";;
83) system="Linux";;
84) system="OS/2 hidden C: drive";;
85) system="Linux extended";;
86) system="NTFS volume set";;
87) system="NTFS volume set";;
88) system="Linux plaintext";;
8e) system="Linux LVM";;
93) system="Amoeba";;
94) system="Amoeba BBT";;
9f) system="BSD/OS";;
a0) system="IBM Thinkpad hibernation";;
a5) system="FreeBSD";;
a6) system="OpenBSD";;
a7) system="NeXTSTEP";;
a8) system="Darwin UFS";;
a9) system="NetBSD";;
ab) system="Darwin boot";;
b7) system="BSDI fs";;
b8) system="BSDI swap";;
bb) system="Boot Wizard hidden";;
be) system="Solaris boot";;
bf) system="Solaris";;
c1) system="DRDOS/sec (FAT-12)";;
c4) system="DRDOS/sec (FAT-16 < 32M)";;
c6) system="DRDOS/sec (FAT-16)";;
c7) system="Syrinx";;
da) system="Non-FS data";;
db) system="CP/M / CTOS / ...";;
de) system="Dell Utility";;
df) system="BootIt";;
e1) system="DOS access";;
e3) system="DOS R/O";;
e4) system="SpeedStor";;
eb) system="BeOS fs";;
ee) system="GPT";;
ef) system="EFI (FAT-12/16/32)";;
f0) system="Linux/PA-RISC boot";;
f1) system="SpeedStor";;
f4) system="SpeedStor";;
f2) system="DOS secondary";;
fb) system="VMware VMFS";;
fc) system="VMware VMKCORE";;
fd) system="Linux raid autodetect";;
fe) system="LANstep";;
ff) system="BBT";;
*) system="Unknown";;
esac;
echo $system;
}

##### Function to convert GPT's Partition Type.
function UUIDToSystem() {
local type=$1 system
case $type in
00000000000000000000000000000000) system="Empty";;
41ee4d02e733d3119d690008c781f39f) system="MBR partition scheme";;
28732ac11ff8d211ba4b00a0c93ec93b) system="System/Boot Partition";;
a2a0d0ebe5b9334487c068b6b72699c7) system="Linux (usually)";;
6dfd5706aba4c44384e50933c84b4f4f) system="Linux Swap";;
16e3c9e35c0bb84d817df92df00215ae) system="Microsoft Windows";;
79d3d6e607f5c244a23c238f2a3df928) system="LVM";;
005346480000aa11aa1100306543ecac) system="HFS+";;
*) system="-";
echo Unknown GPT Partiton Type>>$Unknown_MBR;
echo $type >>$Unknown_MBR;;
esac;
echo $system;
}

##### Function which insert a comma every third digits of a number
function InsertComma () {
echo $1 |sed -e :a -e 's/\(.*[0-9]\)\([0-9]\{3\}\)/\1,\2/;ta'
}

##### Function to read 4 bytes starting at $1 of device $2 and convert to decimal.


function Read4Bytes () {
echo $(hexdump -v -s $1 -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $2);
}


##### Function to read 8 bytes starting at $1 of device $2 and convert to decimal.

function Read8Bytes () {
local start=$1 device=$2;
local first4 second4;
first4=$(hexdump -v -s $start -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $device);
second4=$(hexdump -v -s $((start+4)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $device);
echo $((second4*1073741824+first4));
}




## Reads and display the a partition table of an extended partitons ###########
############# and check it for errors #####################
# This function can be applied iteratively to read the extended partiton table
# Variable 1: HI of hard drive
# Variable 2: Starts Sector of the extended Partition,
# Variable 3: Number of partitions in table (4 for regular PT, 2 for logical
# Variable 4: File for storing the partitions table.
# Variable 5: Format to use for displaying the partition table.
# Variable 6: Parent PI (PI of the primary extended partition containing the extended partition.
# "" for hard drive)
# Variable 7: Last Linux Index assigned (the number in sdXY).


ReadPT (){
local HI=$1 StartEx=$2 N=$3 PT_file=$4 format=$5 EPI=$6 Base_Sector
local LinuxIndex=$7 boot size start end type drive system;
local i=0 boot_hex label limit MBRSig
drive=${HDName[$HI]};
limit=${HDSize[$HI]};
$(dd if=$drive skip=$StartEx of=$Tmp_Log count=1 2>>$Trash);
MBRSig=$(hexdump -v -s 510 -n 2 -e '"%x"' $Tmp_Log);
[[ "$MBRSig" != "aa55" ]] && echo Invalid MBR Signature found >> $PT_file;
if [[ $StartX -lt $limit ]];
then
[[ "$EPI" = "" ]] && Base_Sector=0 || Base_Sector=${StartArray[$EPI]}
for (( i=0; i < N; i++ ));
do
$(dd if=$drive skip=$StartEx of=$Tmp_Log count=1 2>>$Trash);
boot_hex=$(hexdump -v -s $((446+16*i)) -n 1 -e '"%02x"' $Tmp_Log)
case $boot_hex in
00) boot=" ";;
80) boot="* ";;
*) boot="?";;
esac;
start=$(hexdump -v -s $((454+16*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $Tmp_Log);
size=$(hexdump -v -s $((458+16*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $Tmp_Log);
type=$(hexdump -v -s $((450+16*i)) -n 1 -e '4 "%x"' $Tmp_Log);
if [[ $size != 0 ]];
then
if [[ ( "$type" = "5" || "$type" = "f" ) && $Base_Sector != 0 ]];
then
start=$((start+Base_Sector))
ReadPT $HI $start 2 $PT_file "$format" $EPI $LinuxIndex;
else
((PI++))
if [[ "$type" = "5" || "$type" = "f" ]];
then
KindArray[$PI]="E";
else
start=$((start+StartEx));
[[ $Base_Sector = 0 ]] && KindArray[$PI]="P" || KindArray[$PI]="L";
fi;
LinuxIndex=$((LinuxIndex+1));
end=$((start+size-1));
[[ "${HDPT[$HI]}" = "BootIt" ]] && label="${NamesArray[$EPI]}""_" || label=$drive;
system=$(HexToSystem $type)

printf "$format" "$label$LinuxIndex" "$boot" $(InsertComma $start) "$(InsertComma $end)" "$(InsertComma $size)" "$type" "$system" >> $PT_file;
NamesArray[$PI]="$label"$LinuxIndex;
StartArray[$PI]=$start;
EndArray[$PI]=$end;
TypeArray[$PI]=$type;
SystemArray[$PI]="$system";
SizeArray[$PI]=$size;
BootArray[$PI]="$boot";
DriveArray[$PI]=$HI;
ParentArray[$PI]=$EPI;

if [[ "$type" = "5" || "$type" = "f" ]];
then
ReadPT $HI $start 2 $PT_file "$format" $PI 4;
fi;
fi;

elif [[ $Base_Sector != 0 && $i = 0 ]];
then
echo "Empty Partition">>$PT_file;
else
LinuxIndex=$((LinuxIndex+1));
fi;
done;
else
echo "EBR refers to a location outside the Hard drive" >>$PT_file;
fi;
}
############### Read partition table of type GPT (GUID, EFI)##########################
###### Variable 1: HI of hard drive
###### Variable 2: File to store the PartitionTable
function ReadEFI() {
local HI=$1 drive file=$2 Size N=0 i=0 format Label PRStart Start End Type Size System;
drive="${HDName[$HI]}";
format='%-10s %14s%14s%14s %s\n';
printf "$format" Partition Start End Size System >> $file;
HDStart[$HI]=$(Read8Bytes 552 $drive);
HDEnd[$HI]=$(Read8Bytes 560 $drive);
HDUUID[$HI]=$(hexdump -v -s 568 -n 16 -e '/1 "%02x"' $drive);
PRStart=$(Read8Bytes 584 $drive);
N=$(Read4Bytes 592 $drive);
PRStart=$((PRStart*512));
PRSize=$(Read4Bytes 596 $drive);
for (( i = 0; i< N; i++ ))
do
Type=$(hexdump -v -s $((PRStart+PRSize*i)) -n 16 -e '/1 "%02x"' $drive);
if [ "$Type" != "00000000000000000000000000000000" ];
then
((PI++))

Start=$(Read8Bytes $((PRStart+32+PRSize*i)) $drive);
End=$(Read8Bytes $((PRStart+40+PRSize*i)) $drive);
Size=$((End-Start+1));
System=$(UUIDToSystem $Type);
Label=$drive$((i+1));
printf "$format" "$Label" "$(InsertComma $Start)" "$(InsertComma $End)" "$(InsertComma $Size)" "$System" >>$file;
NamesArray[$PI]=$Label;
StartArray[$PI]=$Start;
TypeArray[$PI]=$Type;
SizeArray[$PI]=$Size;
SystemArray[$PI]=$System;
EndArray[$PI]=$End;
DriveArray[$PI]=$HI;
KindArray[$PI]="P";
ParentArray[$PI]="";
fi;
done;
}



############### Read the Master Partition Table of BootIt NG##########################
###### Variable 1: HI of hard drive
###### Variable 2: File to store the MPT.
function ReadEMBR() {
local HI=$1 drive MPT_file=$2 Size N=0 i=0 BINGIndex Label Start End Type BINGUnknown format Size System;
drive="${HDName[$HI]}";
format='%-18s %4s%14s%14s%14s %3s %-15s %3s %2s\n';
printf "$format" Partition Boot Start End Size Id System Ind "?">> $MPT_file;
N=$(hexdump -v -s 534 -n 1 -e '"%u"' $drive);
while [[ $i -lt "$N" ]]
do
((PI++))
BINGUnknown=$(hexdump -v -s $((541+28*i)) -n 1 -e '"%x"' $drive)
Start=$(hexdump -v -s $((542+28*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $drive);
End=$(hexdump -v -s $((546+28*i)) -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $drive);
BINGIndex=$(hexdump -v -s $((550+28*i)) -n 1 -e '"%u"' $drive);
Type=$(hexdump -v -s $((551+28*i)) -n 1 -e '"%x"' $drive);
Size=$((End-Start+1));
Label=$(hexdump -v -s $((552+28*i)) -n 15 -e '"%_u"' $drive| sed -e s/nul[^$]*//);
System=$(HexToSystem $Type);
printf "$format" "$Label" "-" "$(InsertComma $Start)" "$(InsertComma $End)" "$(InsertComma $Size)" "$Type" "$System" "$BINGIndex" "$BINGUnknown">>$MPT_file;
NamesArray[$PI]=$Label
StartArray[$PI]=$Start;
TypeArray[$PI]=$Type;
SizeArray[$PI]=$Size;
SystemArray[$PI]=$System;
EndArray[$PI]=$End;
DriveArray[$PI]=$HI;


if [[ $Type = "f" || $Type = "5" ]];
then
KindArray[$PI]="E";
ParentArray[$PI]=$PI;
ReadPT $HI $Start 2 $MPT_file "$format" $PI 4 ;
else
KindArray[$PI]="P";
ParentArray[$PI]="";
fi;
((i++))

done;
}

################# Check partition table for errors ################################
###
### This function checks whether any two partitions overlap.
### and the logical partitions are inside the extended parition.
### Variable 1: First partition to consider
### Variable 2: Last Partition to consider
### Variable 3: File for the error messages.
### Variable 4: HI of containing hard drive
CheckPT () {
local first=$1 last=$2 file=$3; hi=$4;
local Si Ei Sj Ej Ki Kj i j k cyl track head cyl_bound sec_bound
cyl=${HDCylinder[$hi]};
track=${HDTrack[$hi]};
head=${HDHead[$hi]};
cyl_bound=$((cyl*track*head));
sec_bound=${HDSize[$hi]};
for (( i=$first; i <= last; i++ ));
do
Si=${StartArray[$i]};
Ei=${EndArray[$i]};
Ki=${KindArray[$i]};
Ni=${NamesArray[$i]};
if [[ "$Ei" -gt "$sec_bound" ]];
then
echo $Ni ends after the last sector of ${HDName[$hi]}>>$file;
elif [[ "$Ei" -gt "$cyl_bound" ]]
then
echo $Ni ends after the last cylinder of ${HDName[$hi]}>>$file;
fi;
if [[ $Ki = "L" ]];
then
k=${ParentArray[$i]};
Sk=${StartArray[$k]};
Ek=${EndArray[$k]};
Nk=${NamesArray[$k]};
[[ $Si -le $Sk || $Ei -gt $Ek ]] && echo the logical partition $Ni is not contained in the extended partition $Nk>>$file;
fi;
for (( j = i+1; j <= last; j++ ));
do
Sj=${StartArray[$j]};
Ej=${EndArray[$j]};
Kj=${KindArray[$j]};
Nj=${NamesArray[$j]};
[[ !( ( $Ki = "L" && $Kj = "E" ) || ( $Ki = "E" && $Kj = "L" ) ) && ( ( $Si -lt $Sj && $Sj -lt $Ei ) || ($Sj -lt $Si && $Si -lt $Ej ) )]] && echo $Ni overlaps with $Nj >>$file;
done;
done
}


#############################################################################################
########## Determine the embeded location of stage 2 in a stage 1 file,
########## look for the stage 2 and, if found, determine the
#########$ the location and the path of the embedded menu.lst

stage2_loc (){
local stage1=$1 hi;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $stage1 2>>$Trash);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 64 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $stage1);
pa="T"
Grub_Version="";
for hi in ${!HDName[@]};
do
hdd=${HDName[$hi]};
if [ $offset -lt ${HDSize[hi]} ];
then
tmp=$(dd if=$hdd skip=$offset count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%x"');
if [[ "$tmp" = 3be5652 || "$tmp" = bf5e5652 ]]; ### If stage2 files was found.
then
dd if=$hdd skip=$((offset+1)) count=1 of=$Tmp_Log 2>>$Trash;
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 10 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $Tmp_Log);
stage2_hdd=$hdd;
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 18 -n 94 -e '"%_u"' $Tmp_Log);
Grub_Version=$(echo $Grub_String|sed -e s/nul[^$]*//);
BL=$BL$Grub_Version;
menu=$(echo $Grub_String |sed -e s/[^\/]*// -e s/nul[^$]*//);
menu=${menu%% *};
fi;
fi;
done;
dr=$((dr-127))
Stage2_Msg=$(echo looks at sector $offset )
if [ "$dr" = 128 ];
then
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg of the same hard drive)
else
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg on boot drive \#$dr)
fi;
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg for the stage2 file);

if [ "$pa" = "T" ] #### no stage 2 file found.
then
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg, but no stage2 files can be found at this location.);
else
pa=$((pa+1))
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg. A stage2 file is at this location on $stage2_hdd. Stage2 looks on )
if [ "$pa" = 256 ];
then
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg the same partition)
else
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg partition \#$pa )
fi;
Stage2_Msg=$(echo $Stage2_Msg for $menu.)
fi;
}
#######################################################################################

#############################################################################################
########## Determine the embeded location of core.img for a Grub2 stage1 file,
########## look for the core.img and, the path of the Grub Folder.
#############################################################################

core_loc (){
local stage1=$1 hi;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '4 "%u"' $stage1 2>>$Trash);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 76 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $stage1);
pa="T"
for hi in ${!HDName[@]};
do
hdd=${HDName[$hi]};
if [ $offset -lt ${HDSize[hi]} ];
then
tmp=$(dd if=$hdd skip=$offset count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%x"');
if [ "$tmp" = 1bbe5652 ]; ### If conf.img file was found.
then
dd if=$hdd skip=$((offset+1)) count=1 of=$Tmp_Log 2>>$Trash;
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 20 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $Tmp_Log);
core_hdd=$hdd;
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 32 -n 64 -e '"%_u"' $Tmp_Log);
Core_Dir=$(echo $Grub_String | sed s/nul[^$]*//);
fi;
fi;
done;
dr=$((dr-127))
Core_Msg=$(echo looks at sector $offset )
if [ "$dr" = 128 ];
then
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg of the same hard drive)
else
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg on boot drive \#$dr)
fi;
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg for core.img);

if [ "$pa" = "T" ] #### core.img found.
then
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg, but core.img can not be found at this location.);
else
pa=$((pa+1))
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg and on )
if [ "$pa" = 256 ];
then
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg the same partition)
else
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg partition \#$pa )
fi;
Core_Msg=$(echo $Core_Msg for $Core_Dir.)
fi;
}
#######################################################################################


## "titlebar_gen" generates the $name$file title bar to always be either 79 or 80 chars total in length:
titlebar_gen () {
name_file="$1$2:"; name_file_length=${#name_file}
equal_signs_line_length=$(((80-name_file_length)/2-1)); equal_signs_line=""
for length in $(seq $equal_signs_line_length); do
equal_signs_line='='$equal_signs_line
done;
echo >> $Log1;
echo "$equal_signs_line $name_file $equal_signs_line" >> $Log1;
echo >> $Log1;
}



echo '============================= Boot Info Summary: =============================='; echo

##### Search for hard drives which don't exists or have a corrupt partition table
##### All hard drives which a valid partition table are stored in $Hard_Drives
for drive in $All_Hard_Drives;
do
size=$(fdisk -s $drive 2>>$Trash);
if [ 0 -lt $size 2>>$Trash ];
then
size=$((2*size));
Hard_Drives=$Hard_Drives" "$drive;
HDName[$HI]=$drive;
HDSize[$HI]=$size;
geometry=$(fdisk -lu $drive 2>>$Trash | grep "head");
HDHead[$HI]=$(echo $geometry | awk '{print $1}');
HDTrack[$HI]=$(echo $geometry | awk '{print $3}');
HDCylinder[$HI]=$(echo $geometry | awk '{print $5}');
###Look at the first 4 bytes of the second sector to identify type of partition table;
case $(hexdump -v -s 512 -n 4 -e '"%_u"' $drive) in
"EMBR") HDPT[$HI]="BootIt";;
"EFI ") tmp=$(hexdump -v -s 450 -n 1 -e '"%x"' $drive);
[[ "$tmp" = "ee" ]] && HDPT[$HI]="EFI" || HDPT[$HI]="MSDos";;
*) HDPT[$HI]="MSDos";;
esac;
HI=$((HI+1));

else
echo " $(basename $drive) .">> $FakeHardDrives
fi;
done;
############ Identify the MBR of each hard drive.
echo "Identifying MBRs..." >&6;
for hi in ${!HDName[@]};
do
drive="${HDName[$hi]}";
Message=$(echo is installed in the MBR of $drive)
case $(hexdump -v -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' $drive) in ####Look at the first two bytes of the hard drive to identify the boot code installed in the MBR

################################ If Grub is in the MBR #########################

eb48) offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $drive);### 0x44 contains the offset of the next stage
if [ "$offset" != 1 ]; ###if Grub is installed without stage1.5 files
then
stage2_loc $drive;
Message=$(echo $Message and $Stage2_Msg)
else ### if grub is installed with stage1.5 files
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 1042 -n 94 -e '"%_u"' $drive);
Grub_Version=${Grub_String%%nul*};
tmp='/'${Grub_String#*/};
tmp=${tmp%%nul*};
stage=$(echo $tmp| awk '{print $1}');
menu=$(echo $tmp| awk '{print $2}');
[[ "$menu" = "" ]] || stage=$(echo $stage and $menu);
part_info=$((1045 + ${#Grub_Version}));
pa=$(hexdump -v -s $part_info -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
part_info=$((part_info+1));
dr=$(hexdump -v -s $part_info -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$((dr-127));
pa=$((pa+1));
if [ $dr = 128 ];
then
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on the same drive in partition \#$pa for $stage.)
else
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on boot drive \#$dr in partition \#$pa for $stage.)
fi;
fi;
BL=Grub$Grub_Version;;
############################### If Grub2 is in the MBR #####################################

eb4c) BL=Grub2;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 68 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $drive);### 0x44 contains the offset of the next stage
if [ "$offset" != 1 ]; ###if Grub2 is installed without Core.
then
core_loc $drive;
Message=$(echo $Message and $Core_Msg)
else ### if Grub2 is installed with Core
Grub_String=$(hexdump -v -s 1056 -n 64 -e '"%_u"' $drive);
Core_Dir=$(echo $Grub_String | sed s/nul[^$]*//);
pa=$(hexdump -v -s 1044 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 77 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $drive);
dr=$((dr-127));
pa=$((pa+1));
if [ $dr = 128 ];
then
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on the same drive in partition \#$pa for $Core_Dir.)
else
Message=$(echo $Message and looks on boot drive \#$dr in partition \#$pa for $Core_Dir.)
fi;
fi;;
##############################################################################################
33c0) BL=Windows;;
fa31) BL=Syslinux;;
faeb) BL=Lilo;;
fc31) BL=Testdisk;;
fc33) BL=Gag;;
eb5e) BL=Grub4Dos;;
b800) BL=Plop;;
33ff) BL='HP/Gateway';;
ebe) BL=ThinkPad;;
fa33) BL="No boot loader";;
fabe) BL="No boot loader?";;
fab8) BL="No boot loader";;
fceb) BL="BootIt NG";;
#PT_Kind="BootIt";
#PT_Location=$hi;;
00) BL="No boot loader";;
*) BL="No known boot loader"
echo "Unknown MBR on $drive" >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
hexdump -v -n 512 -C $drive >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;;
esac;
##Output message at beginning of summary that gives MBR info for each drive:
echo -n " => "
echo "$BL $Message" | fold -s -w 75 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'
HDMBR[$hi]=$BL;
done
echo;
######################################################################################
############# Store and Display all the partitions tables.##########################
for HI in ${!HDName[@]};
do
drive=${HDName[$HI]};
echo "Computing Partition Table of $drive..." >&6;
FirstPartition[$HI]=$((PI+1))
echo "Drive $(basename $drive ): _____________________________________________________________________" >>$PartitionTable;
fdisk -lu $drive 2>>$Trash |sed '/omitting/ d'|sed '6,$ d' >>$PartitionTable;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
PTType=${HDPT[$HI]};
case $PTType in
BootIt) ReadEMBR $HI $PartitionTable;;
EFI) ReadEFI $HI $PartitionTable;;
*) printf "$PTFormat" "Partition" "Boot" "Start" "End" "Size" "Id" "System">>$PartitionTable;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
ReadPT $HI 0 4 $PartitionTable "$PTFormat" "" 0;;
esac;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
LastPartition[$HI]=$PI;
CheckPT ${FirstPartition[$HI]} ${LastPartition[$HI]} $PartitionTable $HI;
echo >>$PartitionTable;
done;

for hi in ${!HDName[@]}; ############Loop through all Hard Drives
do
drive=${HDName[$hi]}
for (( pi = FirstPartition[$hi]; pi <= LastPartition[$hi]; pi++ )); ## And then loop through ###the partition on that drive
do
BSI="";
BFI="";
part_type=${TypeArray[$pi]}; #### Type of the partition according to fdisk
start=${StartArray[$pi]};
size=${SizeArray[$pi]};
end=${EndArray[$pi]};
kind=${KindArray[$pi]};
if [[ "${HDPT[$hi]}" = "BootIt" ]];
then
name="${NamesArray[$pi]}";
mountname=$(basename $drive)$pi;
part=$(losetup -f --show -o $((start*512)) --sizelimit $((size*512)) $drive)
else
part=${NamesArray[$pi]};
name=$(basename $part); #### Name of the partition (/dev/sda8 -> sda8)

mountname=$name;
fi;
echo "Searching $name for information..." >&6;
type=$(blkid -c /dev/null -s TYPE $part 2>$Tmp_Log); ##### type of file system according to blkid
type=${type#*=\"};
type=${type%\"*};
FileArray[$pi]=$type;
# part_number=${part:8}

echo $name: _________________________________________________________________________; echo
mkdir "$mountname" #### Directory where the partition will be mounted.
if [[ "${KindArray[$pi]}" = "E" && "$type" = "" ]] ; #### Check for extended partion.
then
type="Extended Partition";
cat $Tmp_Log>>$Trash; ### Don't display the error message from blkid for extended partition
else
cat $Tmp_Log>>$Error_Log
fi;
echo " File system: "$type; ### Display the File System Type


Bytes8081=$(hexdump -v -s 128 -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' $part) #### Use bytes 0x80,81 to idendtify Boot sectors
case $Bytes8081 in
8cd) BST="Windows XP";;
b6d1) BST="Windows XP: Fat32";;
fa33) BST="Windows XP";;
55aa) BST="Windows Vista";;
e9d8) BST="Windows Vista";;
10f) BST="HP Recovery";;
3a5e) BST="Recovery:Fat 32";;
89e) BST="MSDOS5.0: Fat 16";;
bd0) BST="MSWIN4.1: Fat 32";;
6f6e) BST="-";; #MSWIN4.1: Fat 32"
7cc6) BST="MSWIN4.1: Fat 32";;
745) BST="Vista: Fat 32";;
19d) BST="BSD4.4: Fat32";;
b60 | 211 | e00) BST="Dell Utility: Fat16";;
8ed0) BST="DEll Recovery: Fat32";;
4445) BST="DEll Restore: Fat32";;
6974) BST="BootIt: Fat16";;
6f65) BST="BootIt: Fat16";;
7cc6) BST=Win_98;;
734) BST=Dos_1.0;;
2d5e) BST=Dos_1.1;;
7815) BST=Fat32;;
6f74) BST=Fat32;;
696e) BST=Fat16;;
6616) BST=Fat16;;
####### if Grub, Grub 2 or Lilo is in the boot sector, ########
####### investigate the embedded information ########
48b4) BST=Grub2;
core_loc $part;
BSI=$(echo $BSI Grub2 is installed in the boot sector of $name and $Core_Msg);;
aa75 | 5272) BST=Grub;
stage2_loc $part;
BSI=$(echo $BSI Grub$Grub_Version is installed in the boot sector of $name and $Stage2_Msg);;
############# If Lilo look for map file ##############################################

8053) BST=LILO;
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 32 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $part); ### 0x20-23 contains the offset
##### of /boot/map
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "LILO is installed in boot sector of $part and looks at sector $offset of $drive for the \"map\" file,);
if [ $offset -lt $size ]; ### check whether offset
#### is on the had drive.
then
tmp=$(dd if=$drive skip=$offset count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -s 508 -n 4 -e '"%_p"');
if [[ "$tmp" = "LILO" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "and the \"map\" file was found at this location.);
else
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "but the \"map\" file was not found at this location.);
fi;
else
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "but the \"map\" file was not found at this location.);
fi;;
#########################################################################################

00) sig2=$(hexdump -v -s 128 -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' $part)
if [ "$sig2" = 00 ]; #### If the first two bytes are zero, the boot sector does not contain any boot loader.
then
BST="-";
else ###### Otherwise, display the boot sector, so we that we might identify it and add it to the list of known boot sectors.
BST="Unknown"
echo "Unknown BootLoader on $name" >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
hexdump -n 512 -C $part >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
fi;;
*) BST="Unknown"
echo "Unknown BootLoader on $name" >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
hexdump -n 512 -C $part >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR;
esac;
###################### Display the boot sector type.
echo " Boot sector type: "$BST

####################### Investigate the Boot Parameter Block of an NTFS partition.

if [[ "$type" = "ntfs" ]]
then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 28 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $part);
BPB_Part_Size=$(hexdump -v -s 40 -n 4 -e '"%u"' $part)
Comp_Size=$(( (BPB_Part_Size - size)/256 ))
SectorsPerCluster=$(hexdump -v -s 13 -n 1 -e '"%d"' $part);
MFT_Cluster=$(hexdump -v -s 48 -n 4 -e '"%d"' $part);
MFT_Sector=$(( MFT_Cluster * SectorsPerCluster ));
# Track=$(hexdump -v -s 24 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of sectors per track.
# Heads=$(hexdump -v -s 26 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of heads
# if [[ "$Heads" != 255 || "$Track" != 63 ]]
# then
# BSI=$(echo $BSI" "Geometry: $Heads Heads and $Track sectors per Track.)
# fi;
if [[ "$MFT_Sector" -lt "$size" ]];
then
MFT_FILE=$(dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%_u"');
MFT_MFT=$( dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash| hexdump -v -e '4/1 "%x"' | grep "432404d046054")

else
MFT_FILE="";
MFT_MFT="";
fi;
MFT_Mirr_Cluster=$(hexdump -v -s 56 -n 4 -e '"%d"' $part);
MFT_Mirr_Sector=$(( MFT_Mirr_Cluster * SectorsPerCluster ));
if [[ "$MFT_Mirr_Sector" -lt "$size" ]];
then
MFT_Mirr_FILE=$(dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Mirr_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash | hexdump -v -n 4 -e '"%_u"');

MFT_Mirr_MFT=$(dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Mirr_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash |hexdump -v -e '4/1 "%x"' | grep "432404d046054")
else
MFT_Mirr_FILE="";
MFT_Mirr_MFT="";
fi;
if [[ "$offset" = "$start" && "$MFT_FILE" = "FILE" && "$MFT_MFT" != "" && "$MFT_Mirr_FILE" = "FILE" && "$MFT_Mirr_MFT" != "" && "$Comp_Size" = "0" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.);
else
if [[ "$offset" != "$start" ]]
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name starts at sector $offset.)
if [[ "$offset" != "63" && "$offset" != "2048" || "$kind" != "L" ]]
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "But according to the info from fdisk, $name starts at sector $start.);
fi;
fi;
if [[ "$MFT_FILE" != "FILE" || "$MFT_MFT" = "" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "The info in boot sector on the starting sector of the MFT is wrong.);
echo MFT Sector of $name >> $Unknown_MBR;
echo >> $Unknown_MBR
dd if=$part skip=$MFT_Sector count=1 2>>$Trash| hexdump -C >>$Unknown_MBR;
fi;
if [[ "$MFT_Mirr_FILE" != "FILE" || "$MFT_Mirr_MFT" = "" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "The info in the boot sector on the starting sector of the MFT Mirror is wrong.);
fi;

if [[ "$Comp_Size" != "0" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name has $BPB_Part_Size sectors, but according to the info from fdisk, it has $size sectors.);
fi;
fi;
fi;

######################## Investigate the Boot Parameter Block (BPB)of some Fat partitions
##### Identifies Fat Bootsectors which are used for booting.

## if [[ "$Bytes8081" = "7cc6" || "$Bytes8081" = "7815" || "$Bytes8081" = "B6D1" || "$Bytes8081" = "7405" || "$Bytes8081" = "6974" || "$Bytes8081" = "bd0" || "$Bytes8081" = "89e" ]] ;

if [[ "$type" = "vfat" ]];
then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 28 -n 4 -e '"%d\n"' $part); #### Starting sector the partition according to BPP
BPB_Part_Size=$(hexdump -v -s 32 -n 4 -e '"%d"' $part); ### Partition Size in sectors accoring to BPB
Comp_Size=$(( (BPB_Part_Size - size)/256 )) ### This number will be unequal to zero if the two partions size differ by more than 255 sectors.
#Track=$(hexdump -v -s 24 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of sectors per track.
#Heads=$(hexdump -v -s 26 -n 2 -e '"%u"' $part)'' ### Number of heads
#if [[ "$Heads" != 255 || "$Track" != 63 ]] ### Checks for an usual geometry.
#then
# BSI=$(echo $BSI" "Geometry: $Heads Heads and $Track sectors per Track.) ### Report unusal geometry
#fi;
if [[ "$offset" = "$start" && "$Comp_Size" = "0" ]]; ### Check whether Partitons starting sector and the Partition Size of BPB and fdisk agree.
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.); ##If they agreee
else ###### if they don't agree
if [[ "$offset" != "$start" ]] ### if partition starting sector disagree
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name starts at sector $offset.) ### display the starting sector accoding to BPB
if [[ "$offset" != "63" && "$offset" != "2048" || "$kind" != "L" ]] ### check whether partition is logcial partition and starting sector is a 63.
then ### if not, display starting sector according to fdisk.
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "But according to the info from fdisk, $name starts at sector $start.);
fi; ### If not, don't display. (This is quite common occurence, and only matters if one tries to boot Windows from a logical partition. So I decided not to display a warning message in this case.
fi;
#### If Partition sizes from BPB and FDISK differ by more than 255 sector, display both sizes.
if [[ "$Comp_Size" != "0" ]];
then
BSI=$(echo $BSI" "According to the info in the boot sector, $name has $BPB_Part_Size sectors.)
if [[ "$BPB_Part_Size" != 0 ]];
then
BSI=$(echo "$BSI"." " But according to the info from the partition table , it has $size sectors.);
fi; ## Don't display warning message in the common case BPB_Part_Size=0.
fi;

fi; #### End of BPB Error if then else
fi; ###### End of Investigation of the BPB of vfat partitions.
################################################################################################
##### Display boot sector info
echo -n " Boot sector info: "
echo $BSI | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'

####Exclude Partitions which contain no information, #########
##### or which we (currently) don't know how to accces. #########
if [ "$type" != "swap" ] && [ "$type" != "Extended Partition" ] && [ "$type" != "unknown volume type" ] && [ "$type" != "LVM2_member" ] && [ "$type" != "linux_raid_member" ] && [ "$type" != "crypto_Luks" ] ;
then

CheckMount=$(mount| grep "$part ");
CheckMount=${CheckMount% type*};
CheckMount=${CheckMount#* on };
### Check wether partition is already mounted
[[ "$CheckMount" != "" ]] && mountname=$CheckMount; #### if yes,use existing mount point.
if [ "$CheckMount" != "" ] || mount -t "$type" $part "$mountname" 2>$Mount_Error || ( [ $type = ntfs ] && ntfs-3g $part "$mountname" 2>>$Mount_Error ) ; ####### Try to mount partition
then ############ if partition is mounted.
#####Try to identify the Operating System (OS) by looking for files specific to the OS
OS=""
[ -e "$mountname/Windows/System32/config/BCD-Template" ] || [ -e "$mountname/windows/system32/config/bcd-template" ] || [ -e "$mountname/WINDOWS/System32/config/BCD-Template" ] ||
[ -e "$mountname/WINDOWS/system32/config/BCD-Template" ] && OS="Windows Vista"

[ -e "$mountname/Windows/System32/config/SecEvent.Evt" ] || [ -e "$mountname/WINDOWS/system32/config/SecEvent.Evt" ] || [ -e "$mountname/WINDOWS/system32/config/secevent.evt" ] || [ -e "$mountname/windows/system32/config/secevent.evt" ] && OS="Windows XP"

[ -e "$mountname/etc" ] && OS=$(sed -e 's/\\. //g' -e 's/\\.//g' -e 's/^[ \t]*//' "$mountname"/etc/issue)

#################################### search for the files in $Bootfiles ########################
###################################### and if found, display there contained ########################
BootFiles=""
for file in $Boot_Files;
do
if [ -f "$mountname"$file ];
then BootFiles=$(echo $BootFiles" "$file);
if ! [ -h "$mountname"$file ]; ### check whether file is symlink
then
titlebar_gen "$name" $file ##generates a titlebar above each file/dir listed
cat "$mountname"$file >> $Log1; ### if not a symlink, display content.
fi;
fi;
done;
#################################### Search for the programs in $Boot_Prog, ###############
################################### if found disply where names. ###############

for file in $Boot_Prog;
do
if [ -f "$mountname"$file ];
then BootFiles=$(echo $BootFiles" "$file);
fi;
done;


################### Search for the directories related to Booting ########################
##################, if found display the list of files #######################

# for file in $Boot_Dir; #directories in that directory.
# do
# if [ -d "$mountname"$file ];
# then
# BootFiles=$(echo $BootFiles" "$file);
# titlebar_gen "$name" $file ##generates a titlebar above each file/dir listed
# ls -la "$mountname"$file >> $Log1 ;
#
# fi;
# done;

#################### Search for files containing boot codes #################################

for file in $Boot_Codes_Dir ##### loop through all directories which might conatin boot_code files
do
if [ -d "$mountname"$file ]; ##### if such directory exits
then
for loader in $( ls "$mountname"$file ); ##### look at the content of that directory
do
if [ -f "$mountname"$file$loader ]; #### it its a file
then
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 257 -n 8 -e '8/1 "%_p"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
if [ "$sig" = "BootPart" ] ##### Bootpart code has "BootPart" written at0x101
then
offset=$(hexdump -v -s 241 -n 4 -e '"%d"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
dr=$(hexdump -v -s 111 -n 1 -e '"%d"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
dr=$((dr -127))
BFI=$(echo $BFI " "BootPart in the file $file$loader is trying to chain load sector \#$offset on boot drive \#$dr);
fi;
sig=$(hexdump -v -s 383 -n 4 -e '4/1 "%_p"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
if [ "$sig" = "GRUB" ]; ##### Grub and Grub2 have "Grub" written at 0x17f
then
sig2=$(hexdump -v -n 2 -e '/1 "%x"' "$mountname"$file$loader);
if [[ "$sig2" = "eb48" ]] ### distinguish Grub and Grub 2 by the
##### first two bytes.
then
stage2_loc "$mountname"$file$loader;
BFI=$(echo $BFI" "Grub$Grub_Version in the file $file$loader $Stage2_Msg);
else
core_loc "$mountname"$file$loader;
BFI=$(echo $BFI" "Grub2 in the file $file$loader $Core_Msg);
fi;
fi;

fi;
done; ## End of loop through the files in a particular Boot_Code_Directory
fi;
done ## End of the loop through the Boot_Code_Directories.

######### Determine the end point of all files in the GrubError18_Files list

echo >$Tmp_Log;
counter=0;
cd "$mountname";
for file in $(ls $GrubError18_Files 2>>$Trash);
do
if [[ -f $file ]]
then
BlockSize=$(filefrag -v $file| grep "Blocksize" |awk '{print $6}');
LastBlock=$(filefrag -v $file| grep "Last block" |awk '{print $3}');
EndGB=$(echo $(((BlockSize*LastBlock + 512*start)/100000000 ))|sed 's/\(.\)$/\.\1/')
printf "%6sGB: %-s\n" $EndGB "$file" >>$Tmp_Log;
((counter++));
fi;
done;
cd $Folder;
if [ $counter != 0 ];
then
titlebar_gen "$name" ": Location of files loaded by Grub";
cat $Tmp_Log>>$Log1;
fi;
echo >$Tmp_Log;

if [[ $BFI != "" ]];
then
echo -n " Boot file info: "
echo $BFI | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'
fi;
echo " Operating System: "$OS | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'
echo -n " Boot files/dirs: "
echo $BootFiles | fold -s -w 55 | sed -e '2~1s/.*/ &/'

if [ "$CheckMount" = "" ]; ## if partition was mounted by the script
then
umount "$mountname" || umount -l "$mountname";
fi;
else ############### if partition failed to mount
echo " Mounting failed:";
cat $Mount_Error
fi; ### end of Mounting "if then else"
fi; ### end of Partition Type "if then else"
echo;
[[ "${HDPT[$hi]}" = "BootIt" ]] && losetup -d $part;
done; ### end of partition loop
done; ### end of hard drive loop



echo '=========================== Drive/Partition Info: ============================='; echo

[ -e $PartitionTable ] && cat $PartitionTable || echo no valid partition table found ;

echo "blkid -c /dev/null: ____________________________________________________________";
echo; blkid -c /dev/null
echo;
echo '=============================== "mount" output: ===============================';
echo; mount
echo >> $Log1

################# Write the content of Log1 to the RESULTS file
cat $Log1

if [ -e $Unknown_MBR ];
then
echo "=========================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc =======================";
echo;
cat $Unknown_MBR;
echo
fi;

if [ -e $FakeHardDrives ];
then
echo "=======Devices which don't seem to have a corresponding hard drive==============";
echo;
cat $FakeHardDrives;
echo;
fi;


##################### Write the Error Log to the RESULT file
if [ -s $Error_Log ];
then
echo "=============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================";
echo;
cat $Error_Log;
fi;

##### Make the user the owner of Result file
chown $(basename ~) $LogFile

####### Reset the Standard Output to the Terminal
exec 1>&-
exec 1>&6
exec 6>&-

echo Finished. The results are in the file $(basename $LogFile) located in $Dir
exit


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2 楼 
 文章标题 : Re: ubuntu 安装只能看到整块硬盘
帖子发表于 : 2009-08-30 13:44 

注册: 2008-05-03 23:42
帖子: 3681
送出感谢: 4
接收感谢: 6
D 盘和 E 盘重叠了,重叠度还不小。反正我还没见过这么大的重叠。即使只使用 windows, E 盘也随时会丢失。把 E 盘的东西赶紧备份一下删掉重建吧。(不要备份到 D 盘,否则随时可能写到重叠处毁掉 E 盘。找一块移动硬盘来,最好把 D 盘的东西也拷出来)


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