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 文章标题 : [问题]en locale下fcitx配置文件的中文字体该指定成什么?方框改怎么解决?
帖子发表于 : 2006-12-13 12:18 
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按照这里的帖子自己编译安装了fctix 3.4.1,我自己用的是en的locale,但是就是不能显示中文,总是一个个方框框,我尝试修改过~/.fcitx/config文件把中文字体指定如下
引用:
[程序]
显示字体(中)=WenQuanYi Bitmap Song
显示字体(英)=Courier New
显示字体大小=12
主窗口字体大小=11
字体区域=zh_CN.UTF-8
是否使用AA字体=1

但是重启之后还是一堆方框框,现在我打字都是凭感觉打的(fcitx还是满智能的)
这里的显示字体(中)=到底应该指定什么阿?之前按照这里的置顶帖子设置过en locale的中文美化,现在配置文件如下:

下面是我的language-selector
代码:
<fontconfig>
<alias>
<family>serif</family>
<prefer>
<family>Bitstream Vera Serif</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</family>
<family>SimSun</family>
<family>DejaVu Serif</family>
<family>AR PL ShanHeiSun Uni</family>
<family>AR PL ZenKai Uni</family>
</prefer>
</alias>
<alias>
<family>sans-serif</family>
<prefer>
<family>Bitstream Vera Sans</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</family>
<family>SimSun</family>
<family>DejaVu Sans</family>
<family>AR PL ShanHeiSun Uni</family>
<family>AR PL ZenKai Uni</family>
</prefer>
</alias>
<alias>
<family>monospace</family>
<prefer>
<family>Bitstream Vera Sans Mono</family>
<family>DejaVu Sans Mono</family>
<family>SimSun</family>
<family>AR PL ShanHeiSun Uni</family>
<family>WenQuanYi Bitmap Song</family>
<family>AR PL ZenKai Uni</family>
</prefer>
</alias>
<match target="font" >
<test name="family" compare="contains" >
<string>Song</string>
<string>Sun</string>
<string>Kai</string>
<string>Ming</string>
</test>
<!-- check to see if the font is just regular -->
<test name="weight" compare="less_eq">
<int>100</int>
</test>
<test compare="more_eq" target="pattern" name="weight" >
<int>180</int>
</test>
<edit mode="assign" name="embolden" >
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
</match>
<match target="font" >
<test name="family" compare="contains" >
<string>Song</string>
<string>Sun</string>
<string>Kai</string>
<string>Ming</string>
<string>宋体</string>
<string>宋体-18030</string>
<string>黑体</string>
<string>新宋体</string>
<string>新宋体-18030</string>
<string>楷体_GB2312</string>
<string>仿宋_GB2312</string>
<string>隶体</string>
<string>SimSun</string>
<string>SimSun-18030</string>
<string>SimHei</string>
<string>NSimSun</string>
<string>NSimSun-18030</string>
<string>KaiTi_GB2312</string>
<string>FangSong_GB2312</string>
<string>LiSu</string>
</test>
<edit name="globaladvance">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="spacing">
<int>0</int>
</edit>
<edit name="hinting">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="autohint">
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
<test name="pixelsize" compare="more_eq">
<int>12</int>
</test>
<test name="pixelsize" compare="less_eq">
<int>24</int>
</test>
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign" >
<bool>false</bool>
</edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
   <test qual="any" name="family" compare="eq">
      <string>sans-serif</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="strong">
      <string>SimSun</string></edit>
   <edit name="family" mode="prepend_first" binding="strong">
      <string>DejaVu Sans</string>
   </edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
   <test qual="any" name="family" compare="eq">
      <string>sans-serif</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="assign" binding="strong">
      <string>DejaVu Sans</string>
      <string>SimSun</string>
   </edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
   <test name="family">
      <string>DejaVu Sans</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="append" binding="strong">
      <string>SimSun</string>
   </edit>
</match>

<match target="pattern">
   <test qual="any" name="family" compare="eq">
      <string>serif</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="strong">
      <string>SimSun</string></edit>
   <edit name="family" mode="prepend_first" binding="strong">
      <string>DejaVu Serif</string>
   </edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
   <test qual="any" name="family" compare="eq">
      <string>serif</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="assign" binding="strong">
      <string>DejaVu Serif</string>
      <string>SimSun</string>
   </edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
   <test name="family">
      <string>DejaVu Serif</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="append" binding="strong">
      <string>SimSun</string>
   </edit>
</match>

<match target="pattern">
   <test qual="any" name="family" compare="eq">
      <string>monospace</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="strong">
      <string>SimSun</string></edit>
   <edit name="family" mode="prepend_first" binding="strong">
      <string>DejaVu Sans Mono</string>
   </edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
   <test qual="any" name="family" compare="eq">
      <string>monospace</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="assign" binding="strong">
      <string>DejaVu Sans Mono</string>
      <string>SimSun</string>
   </edit>
</match>
<match target="pattern">
   <test name="family">
      <string>DejaVu Sans Mono</string>
   </test>
   <edit name="family" mode="append" binding="strong">
      <string>SimSun</string>
   </edit>
</match>
</fontconfig>

还有fonts.conf
代码:
<fontconfig>
<!-- Font directory list -->

        <dir>/usr/share/fonts</dir>
        <dir>/usr/share/X11/fonts</dir> <dir>/usr/local/share/fonts</dir>
        <dir>~/.fonts</dir>

<!--
  Accept deprecated 'mono' alias, replacing it with 'monospace'
-->
        <match target="pattern">
                <test qual="any" name="family">
                        <string>mono</string>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="assign">
                        <string>monospace</string>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  Accept alternate 'sans serif' spelling, replacing it with 'sans-serif'
-->
        <match target="pattern">
                <test qual="any" name="family">
                        <string>sans serif</string>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="assign">
                        <string>sans-serif</string>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  Accept deprecated 'sans' alias, replacing it with 'sans-serif'
-->
        <match target="pattern">
                <test qual="any" name="family">
                        <string>sans</string>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="assign">
                        <string>sans-serif</string>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  Mark common families with their generics so we'll get
  something reasonable
-->

<!--
  Serif faces
 -->
        <alias>
                <family>DejaVu Serif</family>
                <family>Bitstream Vera Serif</family>
                <family>DejaVu Serif</family>
                <family>Times New Roman</family>
                <family>Thorndale AMT</family>
                <family>Times</family>
                <family>Nimbus Roman No9 L</family>
                <family>Luxi Serif</family>
                <family>Kochi Mincho</family>
                <family>AR PL SungtiL GB</family>
                <family>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</family>
                <family>MS 明朝</family>
                <family>Baekmuk Batang</family>
                <family>FreeSerif</family>
                <family>MgOpen Canonica</family>
                <default><family>serif</family></default>
        </alias>
<!--
  Sans-serif faces
 -->
        <alias>
                <family>DejaVu Sans</family>
                <family>Bitstream Vera Sans</family>
                <family>DejaVu Sans</family>
                <family>Helvetica</family>
                <family>Arial</family>
                <family>Verdana</family>
                <family>Albany AMT</family>
                <family>Nimbus Sans L</family>
                <family>Luxi Sans</family>
                <family>Kochi Gothic</family>
                <family>AR PL KaitiM GB</family>
                <family>AR PL KaitiM Big5</family>
                <family>MS ゴシック</family>
                <family>Baekmuk Dotum</family>
                <family>SimSun</family>
                <family>FreeSans</family>
                <family>MgOpen Moderna</family>
                <default><family>sans-serif</family></default>
        </alias>
<!--
  Monospace faces
 -->
        <alias>
                <family>DejaVu Sans Mono</family>
                <family>Bitstream Vera Sans Mono</family>
                <family>DejaVu Sans Mono</family>
                <family>Courier</family>
                <family>Courier New</family>
                <family>Andale Mono</family>
                <family>Luxi Mono</family>
                <family>Cumberland AMT</family>
                <family>Nimbus Mono L</family>
                <family>NSimSun</family>
                <family>FreeMono</family>
                <default><family>monospace</family></default>
        </alias>
<!--
  If the font still has no generic name, add sans-serif
 -->
        <match target="pattern">
                <test qual="all" name="family" compare="not_eq">
                        <string>sans-serif</string>
                </test>
                <test qual="all" name="family" compare="not_eq">
                        <string>serif</string>
                </test>
                <test qual="all" name="family" compare="not_eq">
                        <string>monospace</string>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="append_last">
                        <string>sans-serif</string>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  Prefer "Standard Symbols L" as Symbol font
 -->
        <match target="pattern">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Symbol</string>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="prepend" binding="same">
                        <string>Standard Symbols L</string>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  URW provides metric and shape compatible fonts for these 3 Adobe families.
  commented out, see below
        <alias>
          <family>Times</family>
          <accept><family>Nimbus Roman No9 L</family></accept>
        </alias>
        <alias>
          <family>Helvetica</family>
          <accept><family>Nimbus Sans L</family></accept>
        </alias>
        <alias>
          <family>Courier</family>
          <accept><family>Nimbus Mono L</family></accept>
        </alias>
  -->

<!--
 AMT provides metric and shape compatible fonts for these three web font
 families.
 -->
        <alias>
                <family>Times New Roman</family>
                <accept><family>Thorndale AMT</family></accept>
        </alias>
        <alias>
                <family>Arial</family>
                <accept><family>Albany AMT</family></accept>
        </alias>
        <alias>
                <family>Courier New</family>
                <accept><family>Cumberland AMT</family></accept>
        </alias>

        <alias>
          <family>ZapfDingbats</family>
          <accept><family>Dingbats</family></accept>
        </alias>

        <alias>
          <family>Symbol</family>
          <accept><family>Open Symbols L</family></accept>
        </alias>
 
<!--
  URW provides metric and shape compatible fonts for these 3 Adobe families.
  However, th ese fonts are quite ugly and do not render well on-screen,
  so we avoid matching them if the application said `anymetrics'; in that
  case, a more generic font with different metrics but better appearance
  will be used.
  -->
        <match target="pattern">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Times</string>
                </test>
                <test name="anymetrics" qual="all" compare="not_eq">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="append">
                        <string>Nimbus Roman No9 L</string>
                </edit>
        </match>
        <match target="pattern">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Helvetica</string>
                </test>
                <test name="anymetrics" qual="all" compare="not_eq">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="append">
                        <string>Nimbus Sans L</string>
                </edit>
        </match>
        <match target="pattern">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Courier</string>
                </test>
                <test name="anymetrics" qual="all" compare="not_eq">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="append">
                        <string>Nimbus Mono L</string>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  Do the same with the AMT family and the msttcorefonts, but add
  the msttcorefonts as an alternative as well.
  -->
        <match target="pattern">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Times New Roman</string>
                        <string>Thorndale AMT</string>
                        <string>Thorndale</string>
                </test>
                <test name="anymetrics" qual="all" compare="not_eq">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="append">
                        <string>Times New Roman</string>
                        <string>Nimbus Roman No9 L</string>
                </edit>
        </match>
        <match target="pattern">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Arial</string>
                        <string>Albany AMT</string>
                        <string>Albany</string>
                        <string>Verdana</string>
                </test>
                <test name="anymetrics" qual="all" compare="not_eq">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="append">
                        <string>Arial</string>
                        <string>Nimbus Sans L</string>
                </edit>
        </match>
        <match target="pattern">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Courier New</string>
                        <string>Cumberland AMT</string>
                        <string>Cumberland</string>
                </test>
                <test name="anymetrics" qual="all" compare="not_eq">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </test>
                <edit name="family" mode="append">
                        <string>Courier New</string>
                        <string>Nimbus Mono L</string>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  Some Asian fonts misadvertise themselves as monospaced when
  in fact they are dual-spaced (half and full).  This makes
  FreeType very confused as it forces all widths to match.
  Undo this magic by disabling the width forcing code -->
        <match target="font">
                <test name="family"><string>GulimChe</string></test>
                <edit name="globaladvance"><bool>false</bool></edit>
        </match>

        <match target="font">
                <test name="family"><string>DotumChe</string></test>
                <edit name="globaladvance"><bool>false</bool></edit>
        </match>

        <match target="font">
                <test name="family"><string>BatangChe</string></test>
                <edit name="globaladvance"><bool>false</bool></edit>
        </match>

        <match target="font">
                <test name="family"><string>GungsuhChe</string></test>
                <edit name="globaladvance"><bool>false</bool></edit>
        </match>

<!--
        The Bitstream Vera fonts have GASP entries suggesting that hinting be
        disabled below 8 ppem, but FreeType ignores those, preferring to use
        the data found in the instructed hints.  The initial Vera release
        didn't include the right instructions in the 'prep' table. Fix this
        by disabling hinting manually at smaller sizes (< 8ppem)
 -->

        <match target="font">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Bitstream Vera Sans</string>
                </test>
                <test name="pixelsize" compare="less">
                        <double>7.5</double>
                </test>
                <edit name="hinting">
                        <bool>false</bool>
                </edit>
        </match>

        <match target="font">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Bitstream Vera Serif</string>
                </test>
                <test name="pixelsize" compare="less">
                        <double>7.5</double>
                </test>
                <edit name="hinting">
                        <bool>false</bool>
                </edit>
        </match>

        <match target="font">
                <test name="family">
                        <string>Bitstream Vera Sans Mono</string>
                </test>
                <test name="pixelsize" compare="less">
                        <double>7.5</double>
                </test>
                <edit name="hinting">
                        <bool>false</bool>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
  Load per-user customization file
-->
        <include ignore_missing="yes">~/.fonts.conf</include>

<!--
  Load local system customization file
-->
        <include ignore_missing="yes">conf.d</include>
        <include ignore_missing="yes">local.conf</include>

<!--
  Load local ubuntu-specific language custom file
-->
        <include ignore_missing="yes">language-selector.conf</include>

<!--
  Provide required aliases for standard names
-->
        <alias>
                <family>serif</family>
                <prefer>
                        <family>DejaVu Serif</family>
                        <family>Bitstream Vera Serif</family>
                        <family>DejaVu Serif</family>
                        <family>Times New Roman</family>
                        <family>Thorndale AMT</family>
                        <family>Luxi Serif</family>
                        <family>Nimbus Roman No9 L</family>
                        <family>Times</family>
                        <family>Frank Ruehl</family>
                        <family>FreeSerif</family>
                        <family>MgOpen Canonica</family>
                        <family>Kochi Mincho</family>
                        <family>AR PL SungtiL GB</family>
                        <family>AR PL Mingti2L Big5</family>
                        <family>MS 明朝</family>
                        <family>Baekmuk Batang</family>
                </prefer>
        </alias>
        <alias>
                <family>sans-serif</family>
                <prefer>
                        <family>DejaVu Sans</family>
                        <family>Bitstream Vera Sans</family>
                        <family>DejaVu Sans</family>
                        <family>Verdana</family>
                        <family>Arial</family>
                        <family>Albany AMT</family>
                        <family>Luxi Sans</family>
                        <family>Nimbus Sans L</family>
                        <family>Helvetica</family>
                        <family>Nachlieli</family>
                        <family>FreeSans</family>
                        <family>MgOpen Moderna</family>
                        <family>Kochi Gothic</family>
                        <family>AR PL KaitiM GB</family>
                        <family>AR PL KaitiM Big5</family>
                        <family>MS ゴシック</family>
                        <family>Baekmuk Dotum</family>
                        <family>SimSun</family>
                </prefer>
        </alias>
        <alias>
                <family>monospace</family>
                <prefer>
                        <family>DejaVu Sans Mono</family>
                        <family>Bitstream Vera Sans Mono</family>
                        <family>DejaVu Sans Mono</family>
                        <family>Andale Mono</family>
                        <family>Courier New</family>
                        <family>Cumberland AMT</family>
                        <family>Luxi Mono</family>
                        <family>Nimbus Mono L</family>
                        <family>Courier</family>
                        <family>Miriam Mono</family>
                        <family>FreeMono</family>
                        <family>Kochi Gothic</family>
                        <family>AR PL KaitiM GB</family>
                        <family>Baekmuk Dotum</family>
                </prefer>
        </alias>

<!--
 Artificial oblique for fonts without an italic or oblique version
 -->
 
        <match target="font">
                <!-- check to see if the font is roman -->
                <test name="slant">
                        <const>roman</const>
                </test>
                <!-- check to see if the pattern requested non-roman -->
                <test target="pattern" name="slant" compare="not_eq">
                        <const>roman</const>
                </test>
                <!-- multiply the matrix to slant the font -->
                <edit name="matrix" mode="assign">
                        <times>
                                <name>matrix</name>
                                <matrix><double>1</double><double>0.2</double>
                                        <double>0</double><double>1</double>
                                </matrix>
                        </times>
                </edit>
                <!-- pretend the font is oblique now -->
                <edit name="slant" mode="assign">
                        <const>oblique</const>
                </edit>
        </match>

<!--
 Synthetic emboldening for fonts that do not have bold face available
 -->

        <match target="font">
                <!-- check to see if the font is just regular -->
                <test name="weight" compare="less_eq">
                        <int>100</int>
                </test>
                <!-- check to see if the pattern requests bold -->
                <test target="pattern" name="weight" compare="more_eq">
                        <int>200</int>
                </test>
                <!-- set the embolden flag -->
                <edit name="embolden" mode="assign">
                        <bool>true</bool>
                </edit>
        </match>
</fontconfig>

请求指点一下这里的“显示字体(中)=”到底应该指定什么?谢谢


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如果装了 wqy 字体的话,指定 WenQuanYi Bitmap Song 是可以的。
要指定的话应该指定成你的系统中的中文字体,不清楚系统中有什么字体的话,可以用 fc-list 命令查看。
不过我记得可以不用指定字体的,就是在哪个地方把字体改成 * 就行了。貌似 fcitx 可以自己找字体。
[code]
显示字体(中)=*
显示字体(英)=*
[\code]


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把windows下的simsum.ttc文件复制到/usr/share/fonts/truetype文件夹里看一下!


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谢谢ls的二位,但是还是不行啊,我把simsun.ttc考到ls指定的目录并且fc-cache -fv刷新了,并且把fcitx的config里指定了中文字体为"SimSun",重启后仍然是方框啊,继续求教


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注意字体权限


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zhuqin_83
最喜欢说权限了。 :lol:


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你还不是一样。


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呵呵,我终于解决了,从我的language-selector.conf里删除最后的几段就可以了


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但是这样的话,英文字体就是用的WQY的了,不是很好看哈!


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