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 文章标题 : 学习遇到的几个问题:请赐教
帖子发表于 : 2007-08-11 1:04 

注册: 2007-07-26 23:49
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地址: 中国广州
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小弟最近刚刚安装了ubuntu7.04,在学习过程中碰到了很多困难,至今还没有解决,希望各位能够给我这个新手
一点意见,在此先谢谢各位了。
问题如下:
问题一: 每当我在ubuntu7.04“添加与删除程序”那里安装个东西,无论安装什么,到了最后总是会
出现这样一句话:“ E: mtop: 子进程·post-installation script·返回了错误号·1 ”
我想请教为什么,尽管有时候出现这样并不影响我那个软件的安装,但我还是想了解下为什么???
问题二: 在这句话“ E: mtop: 子进程·post-installation script·返回了错误号·1 ”
中的 “E"是什么意思,(是windows下的E盘吗?笑话,不可能,那是什么呢,请高手给我解答)

问题三 : 比如:当我输入:apt-get install mplayer 会出现
E: 软件包 mplayer-386 还没有可供安装的候选者,这句话又是什么意思。为什么会这样?
问题四: 当我输入apt-get install xxx这个命令时,下载的东西放在那里?
问题五: 当我输入wget 这个命令时候,又是怎么样的呢,下载后的东西又是放在那里??
问题六: axel,curl,lftp这些是不是都是下载命令,具体用法怎么样:



哈哈,小弟的问题实在太多了,但是没有办法啊,ubuntu实在是”太深奥“
了,高深莫测,令我这个刚入门的新手措手不及,还请各位高人不吝赐教
在此再谢谢各位了
期待着给我解答的一个新手
:?: :?:
:?:


_________________
我是个刚刚接触ubuntu的人,很多东西都还是一团雾水,希望在以后的日子里能与大家建立一种互帮互助的气氛,谢谢大家的支持


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 文章标题 :
帖子发表于 : 2007-08-18 19:24 

注册: 2007-04-30 13:36
帖子: 7
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问题一 :我也不清楚,我的没这个问题
问题二 :E->Error
问题四:会下载到 /var/cache/apt/archives/ 里
五六不知道
问题三:说明你apt的列表的源里没有这个软件包,无法下载安装,可改/etc/apt/sources.list
下面的源地址选一处复制到sources.list覆盖原来的,再执行
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
之后就可以了
若仍没有请自己搜源码编译安装。
# Archive.ubuntu.com 更新服务器(欧洲,此为官方源)
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

# Ubuntu.cn99.com 更新服务器(江苏省常州市电信,推荐电信用户使用。)
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu-cn/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse

# mirror.rootguide.org更新服务器 (上海市 电信):
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu-cn/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe

# 台湾大学更新服务器(推荐网通用户使用,此源比较完整,较少出现同步问题)
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.csie.ntu.edu.tw/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

# Mirror.lupaworld.com 更新服务器(浙江省杭州市电信,亚洲地区官方更新服务器)
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ubuntu-cn feisty main restricted universe multiverse

# ubuntu.cnsite.org 更新服务器(福建省福州市 电信)
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu-cn/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe

# 北 市清华大学 更新服务器(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用)
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu-cn/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
# Ubuntu.cn99.com 更新服务器(江苏省常州市电信,推荐电信用户使用。)
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cn99.com/ubuntu-cn/ edgy main restricted universe multiverse

# mirror.rootguide.org 更新服务器 (上海市 电信):
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu/ edgy-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.rootguide.org/ubuntu-cn/ edgy main multiverse restricted universe

#Mirror.vmmatrix.net 更新服务器(上海市电信,推荐电信网通用户使用)
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu-cn/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe

# Mirror.lupaworld.com 更新服务器(浙江省杭州市电信,亚洲地区官方更新服务器)
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ubuntu-cn edgy main restricted universe multiverse

# ubuntu.cnsite.org 更新服务器(福建省福州市 电信)
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ubuntu.cnsite.org/ubuntu-cn/ edgy main multiverse restricted universe

# 北京市清华大学 更新服务器(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用)
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://mirror9.net9.org/ubuntu-cn/ edgy main multiverse restricted universe

#清华大学更新服务器 更新服务器(传说中真正可用的源,教育网用户):
deb ftp://ftp3.tsinghua.edu.cn/mirror/ubuntu/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb ftp://ftp3.tsinghua.edu.cn/mirror/ubuntu/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb ftp://ftp3.tsinghua.edu.cn/mirror/ubuntu/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

#中国科技大学 更新服务器 5M/s(这个牛X啊!)
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-backports restricted universe multiverse
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

#教育网用户请使用上海交通大学的源(教育网,推荐校园网和网通用户使用)
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu-cn/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb-src http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main multiverse restricted universe

#兰州大学更新服务器
deb ftp://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-security main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main multiverse restricted universe
deb ftp://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/ubuntu-cn/ feisty main multiverse restricted universe

#传说中的北京交大 更新服务器
deb http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ feisty-backports main restricted universe multiverse


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