[已解决]为何ubuntu启动菜单会重复三次?如何把win作为默认启动?

为当前最终发行版之前的所有版本提供支持
回复
rosn
帖子: 976
注册时间: 2006-01-14 18:33
来自: 广州花都区
送出感谢: 19 次
接收感谢: 3 次
联系:

[已解决]为何ubuntu启动菜单会重复三次?如何把win作为默认启动?

#1

帖子 rosn » 2006-03-23 9:59

ubuntu一个很奇怪的现象,就是安装好系统后发现启动菜单有三个一样的正常模式菜单,三个一样的安全模式菜单,最后才是win菜单。

问题一:为什么会这样;
问题二:可以把重复的菜单直接删除吗;
问题三:如何把win作为默认启动?

后附我的grub内容:

# menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
# grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 10

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specifiv kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
# kopt=root=/dev/hda3 ro

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=(hd0,2)

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery mode) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## nonaltoption boot targets option
## This option controls options to pass to only the
## primary kernel menu item.
## You can have ONLY one nonaltoptions line
# nonaltoptions=quiet splash

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## ## End Default Options ##

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-686
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-686 root=/dev/hda3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-686
savedefault
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-686 (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-686 root=/dev/hda3 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-686
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-386
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-386
savedefault
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-386 (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-386
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-9-386
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-9-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-9-386
savedefault
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-9-386 (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-9-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-9-386
boot

title Ubuntu, memtest86+
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
boot

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
title Other operating systems:
root


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/hda1
title Microsoft Windows XP Professional
root (hd0,0)
savedefault
makeactive
chainloader +1
上次由 rosn 在 2006-03-25 13:14,总共编辑 1 次。
头像
eexpress
帖子: 58428
注册时间: 2005-08-14 21:55
来自: 长沙
送出感谢: 4 次
接收感谢: 256 次

#2

帖子 eexpress » 2006-03-23 10:23

不是每个版本都不同的吗。没问题啊。
● 鸣学
rosn
帖子: 976
注册时间: 2006-01-14 18:33
来自: 广州花都区
送出感谢: 19 次
接收感谢: 3 次
联系:

#3

帖子 rosn » 2006-03-23 11:20

默认windows启动已经解决了,但为什么会现出三次相同的菜单呢,如下:title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-686
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-686 root=/dev/hda3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-686
savedefault
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-686 (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-686 root=/dev/hda3 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-686
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-386
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-386
savedefault
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-10-386 (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-10-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-10-386
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-9-386
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-9-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-9-386
savedefault
boot

title Ubuntu, kernel 2.6.12-9-386 (recovery mode)
root (hd0,2)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-9-386 root=/dev/hda3 ro single
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-9-386
boot
头像
karron
帖子: 6226
注册时间: 2005-06-11 14:03
来自: 不明真相的群众
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0
联系:

#4

帖子 karron » 2006-03-23 12:26

版本不一样,针对cpu的也不一样.
如果不想出现这么多,你可以把不要的注释掉
我的blog,关于技术,软件,linux,vim <---- 所有博客均被河蟹.
头像
eexpress
帖子: 58428
注册时间: 2005-08-14 21:55
来自: 长沙
送出感谢: 4 次
接收感谢: 256 次

#5

帖子 eexpress » 2006-03-23 13:18

每个版本3种模式而已。
● 鸣学
joyolee
帖子: 83
注册时间: 2005-12-24 14:07
送出感谢: 0
接收感谢: 0

#6

帖子 joyolee » 2006-03-24 0:31

recovery-mode 类似于安全模式,是出现问题的时候采用的

686可以理解为386的升级版本
rosn
帖子: 976
注册时间: 2006-01-14 18:33
来自: 广州花都区
送出感谢: 19 次
接收感谢: 3 次
联系:

#7

帖子 rosn » 2006-03-25 13:14

现在明白了,并不是重复,而是三种不同的版本,都怪我粗心,没看清楚,谢谢大家!
回复

回到 “老旧版本支持”